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Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review

Republic of Burundi Fiscal Decentralization and Local Governance : Managing Trade-Offs to Promote Sustainable Reforms

ACCOUNTABILITY ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISMS ACCOUNTING ALLOCATION AUTHORITY BANKS BASIC SERVICES BUDGET EXPENDITURES BUDGET PREPARATION BUDGETARY PROCESS CAPITAL EXPENDITURES CENTRAL GOVERNMENT CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES CENTRAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS CENTRAL GOVERNMENT SUPPORT CENTRAL MINISTRIES CENTRAL SPENDING CENTRAL TRANSFERS CITIZEN PARTICIPATION CITIZENS CIVIL SERVANTS CIVIL SERVICE CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS COALITIONS COMMUNAL DEVELOPMENT COMMUNAL TAX COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT CONSENSUS CONSOLIDATION CONSTITUTION CORRUPTION COST OF LIVING COUNCILS CURRENT EXPENDITURES DEBT DECENTRALIZATION FRAMEWORK DECENTRALIZATION PROCESS DECENTRALIZATION PROGRAM DECENTRALIZATION REFORM DECENTRALIZATION REFORMS DECENTRALIZATION STRATEGY DECISION-MAKING DECISION-MAKING PROCESS DECONCENTRATION DECREE DEMOCRACY DEVOLUTION DISTRICT DIVISION OF RESPONSIBILITIES EFFICIENCY OF SERVICE DELIVERY ELECTED OFFICIALS EMPLOYMENT ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION EQUALIZATION ETHNIC GROUPS EXECUTION EXTERNAL SHOCKS FINANCIAL AUTONOMY FINANCIAL IMPLICATIONS FINANCIAL INCENTIVES FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FINANCIAL RESOURCES FINANCIAL SUPPORT FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY FINANCIAL SYSTEM FINANCIAL VIABILITY FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS FISCAL CONSTRAINTS FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION FISCAL EXPENDITURES FISCAL FRAMEWORK FISCAL REVENUE FISCAL SPACE FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY FISCAL TRANSFERS FIXED COSTS GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNANCE INDICATORS GOVERNMENT AGENCIES GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES GOVERNMENT EFFORTS GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS GOVERNMENT REVENUE GOVERNMENT REVENUES GOVERNMENT SPENDING GOVERNOR GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT HEALTH CLINICS HEALTH OUTCOMES HUMAN RESOURCE HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT HUMAN RESOURCES INFLATION INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY INSTITUTIONAL CONSTRAINTS INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK INSTITUTIONAL REFORM INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFER INTERMINISTERIAL COORDINATION LACK OF TRANSPARENCY LAWS LEASEHOLDS LEGAL FRAMEWORK LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR DECENTRALIZATION LEGAL PROVISIONS LEGISLATION LEGISLATIVE PROCESS LIBERATION LOCAL ADMINISTRATIONS LOCAL AUTHORITIES LOCAL GOVERNMENT LOCAL GOVERNMENTS LOCAL REVENUE LOCAL TAX LOCAL TAXES MACROECONOMIC CONTEXT MANDATES MAYOR MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT MINISTRY OF FINANCE MINISTRY OF INTERIOR MUNICIPAL LEVEL MUNICIPALITIES NATIONAL BUDGET NATIONAL ELECTIONS NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONAL PLANNING NATIONAL POLICY NATIONAL PRIORITY NATIONAL TERRITORY NATIONS NATURAL RESOURCES OPERATING COSTS PERFORMANCE EVALUATION POLICY DOCUMENT POLICY FRAMEWORK POLICY MAKERS POLICY OBJECTIVES POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS POLITICAL CONTROL POLITICAL CRISIS POLITICAL DECENTRALIZATION POLITICAL POWER POLITICAL REFORMS POLITICAL SURVIVAL POLITICIANS POVERTY ALLEVIATION PRESIDENCY PROPERTY TAXES PROVINCE PROVINCES PROVINCIAL DEPARTMENTS PROVINCIAL LEVEL PUBLIC AUTHORITIES PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC RESOURCES PUBLIC REVENUE PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SECTOR SPECIALIST PUBLIC SERVICE PUBLIC SERVICES REFERENDUM REFORM AGENDA REFORM PROCESS REGULATORY FRAMEWORK REHABILITATION REPRESENTATIVES REVENUE AUTHORITY REVENUE COLLECTION REVENUE SHARING SECTORAL MINISTRIES SENATE SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE SOCIAL SERVICES STATE RESOURCES SUBNATIONAL SUBNATIONAL AUTHORITIES SUBNATIONAL FINANCE SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENTS SUBSIDIARY TAX ADMINISTRATION TAX BASE TAX CODE TAX COLLECTION TAX COLLECTOR TAX COMPLIANCE TAX EXEMPTIONS TAX POLICY TAX REVENUE TAX REVENUES TAX SYSTEM TAXABLE CAPACITY TAXPAYERS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TRANSPARENCY UNCERTAINTY VILLAGES VOTING WATER SUPPLY
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Washington, DC
Africa | Burundi
2015-01-06T16:00:19Z | 2015-01-06T16:00:19Z | 2014-10

Despite the remarkable progress achieved since the end of the conflict, Burundi still faces significant development challenges. Since 2005, the Government of Burundi has embarked on a potentially transformative process of decentralization, with the aim of strengthening social cohesion, improving local governance, and promoting access to basic infrastructure and service delivery. The weakness of the communal tax system, coupled with low mobilization of local revenue and nonexistent (current) or negligible (capital) transfers from the national budget threaten the financial viability of communes, which struggle to support even basic operating costs. Addressing a specific government request, the present study aims to provide concrete policy recommendations to help the Government of Burundi improve the financial and institutional sustainability of the decentralization reform process, while enabling communes to address popular demands and deliver better services. The report will also look at the implications of these macro-level challenges at the sectoral level, through a case study of the recent experiences of decentralized land administration services, whose responsibilities were recently transferred to communes. The report is based on results from interviews, fieldwork research, and qualitative focus group discussion, combined with existing administrative data and secondary sources on decentralization in Burundi. The present study is organized into four thematic chapters. Chapter one provides a snapshot of Burundiapos;s political and macroeconomic context, and reviews the evolution of the decentralization process to better understand how institutional, political, and bureaucratic dynamics have shaped the historical trajectory of decentralization and generated the outcomes observed today. Chapter two provides a systematic investigation of the status of fiscal decentralization in Burundi, and identifies key policy issues to be considered to ensure the medium-term sustainability of the reform process while at the same time addressing the short-term financial needs of communes. Chapter three provides an in-depth diagnostic of a key service delivery responsibility recently devolved to communes - the provision of land registration services and discusses the challenges and opportunities related to ongoing efforts to scale up access to these land services across 116 rural communes and Bujumbura. Chapter four shifts the focus to the nature of state citizen relations in an effort to better understand how citizen engagement in the decision-making process may be improved and local authorities held accountable for the provision of basic services.

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