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Powering Up : Costing Power Infrastructure Spending Needs in Sub-Saharan Africa

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY AGRICULTURE ANNUAL COST ANNUAL COSTS ANNUAL ENERGY OUTLOOK ASSET VALUE ASSETS AVAILABILITY BENCHMARK BORDER TRANSMISSION CAPACITY EXPANSION CAPACITY FOR ELECTRICITY GENERATION CAPITAL COST CAPITAL COSTS CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITAL INVESTMENT COSTS CAPITAL INVESTMENTS CARBON CARBON EMISSIONS CERTIFIED EMISSION REDUCTION CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE CO2 COAL COAL PLANTS COAL POWER PLANTS COAL RESOURCES COLORS COMMERCIAL CONNECTIONS CONNECTION COSTS CONSUMERS COST ASSUMPTIONS COST ESTIMATES COST OF FUEL COSTS OF POWER CRUDE OIL DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY DEMAND FOR POWER DIESEL DIESEL FUEL DISTRIBUTION ASSETS DISTRIBUTION GRID DOMESTIC COAL DOMESTIC ENERGY DOMESTIC ENERGY RESOURCES DOMESTIC GAS DOMESTIC PRODUCTION ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC RESEARCH ELASTICITY ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ELECTRICITY DEMAND ELECTRICITY DEMAND GROWTH ELECTRICITY GENERATION ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ELECTRIFICATION EMISSION EMISSIONS EMISSIONS FROM POWER PLANTS ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION ENERGY OUTLOOK ENERGY POLICY ENERGY RESOURCES ENERGY SECURITY ENERGY SUPPLY ENERGY TRANSMISSION ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS EXCHANGE RATES EXPORTS FEASIBILITY FORECASTS FOSSIL FOSSIL FUELS FUEL FUEL COSTS FUEL PRICE FUEL PRICES FUTURE DEMAND GAS GAS PRICE GDP GDP PER CAPITA GENERATING CAPACITY GENERATION GENERATION ASSETS GENERATION CAPACITY GENERATION COSTS GEOTHERMAL POWER GREENHOUSE GREENHOUSE GAS GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS GREENHOUSE GASES GRID COMPANY GRID EXTENSION GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROWTH IN ELECTRICITY DEMAND GROWTH RATE HEAT HEAT PRODUCTION HEAVY FUEL OIL HYDROPOWER HYDROPOWER GENERATION HYDROPOWER PLANT IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IMPORTS INCOME INCOME CLASS INCOME LEVELS INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING INTERNATIONAL ENERGY INVESTMENT COSTS INVESTMENT DECISIONS INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS KILOWATT-HOUR KILOWATT-HOURS LOWER DEMAND MACROECONOMIC CONDITIONS MARGINAL COST MARGINAL COSTS METHANE NATURAL GAS NATURAL RESOURCES NUCLEAR POWER OIL PRICE OIL PRICES OIL PRODUCTS PIPELINE PORTFOLIO POWER POWER CAPACITY POWER CONSUMPTION POWER COSTS POWER DEMAND POWER GENERATION POWER GRID POWER INVESTMENTS POWER PLANT TECHNOLOGY POWER PLANTS POWER PRODUCER POWER PRODUCTION POWER SECTOR POWER SECTOR REFORM POWER SHORTAGES POWER STATIONS POWER SUPPLY POWER SYSTEM POWER TRADE PRICE OF GAS PRICE OF OIL PRICE TAG PRODUCTION COSTS PRODUCTION INCREASES PUBLIC PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE RAINFALL REAL GDP REAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT REAL INCOME RENEWABLE GENERATION REPLACEMENT VALUE ROUTES RURAL ELECTRIFICATION SCENARIOS SENSITIVITY ANALYSES SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY STRUCTURAL CHANGE SUBSTITUTION SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY SUPPLY SIDE THERMAL CAPACITY THERMAL PLANTS THERMAL POWER THERMAL POWER GENERATION THERMAL POWER PLANT THERMAL POWER PLANTS TOTAL COST TOTAL DEMAND TRANSMISSION CAPACITY TRANSMISSION GRID TRANSMISSION LINES TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS UNEP VARIABLE COSTS VOLTAGE WEATHER PATTERNS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa
2017-08-29T16:42:17Z | 2017-08-29T16:42:17Z | 2009-03

Sub-Saharan Africa will require substantial investments in the power sector on the order of 4 percent of the region's gross domestic product (GDP) annually before 2015 if it is to meet the demands of economic development, keep pace with population growth, and expand electrification beyond the 2005 regional average of just 34 percent. Developing a regional power-trading market that exploits the vast hydropower potential of the subcontinent may be the best way to bring those costs down while also protecting against increases in oil prices and curbing carbon emissions. Expanding electrification is a daunting challenge, but the costs associated with extending the transmission network are minor in comparison with the investments in generation needed to accompany the demand of Africa's growing economies.

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