The Nile countries are endowed with substantial energy resources. Yet, these have not been fully tapped and several Nile countries have low levels of access to electricity. This note showcases the achievements made at the regional level to address this issue through cooperative projects of regional significance. These include projects that extend and link transmission lines to achieve interconnections, and ones that promote responsible development and generation of hydropower. The Nile basin initiative (NBI) has played a catalytic role in facilitating these projects, reducing power poverty, and increasing national energy security.