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Uganda Systematic Country Diagnostic : Boosting Inclusive Growth and Accelerating Poverty Reduction

OVERGRAZING SOCIAL COSTS FISH RECLAMATION UNEMPLOYMENT RATES GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES ECONOMIC GROWTH POLICY ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION FOSSIL FUELS PROVEN RESERVES SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION PERVERSE INCENTIVES CARBON EXPECTATIONS AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION PRODUCERS LAND RECLAMATION MORBIDITY RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PROPERTY RIGHTS BALANCE OF PAYMENTS FINANCIAL RESOURCES TIMBER LABOR FORCE EMISSIONS POLITICAL ECONOMY REVENUES ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT INCENTIVES HEALTH EQUILIBRIUM MODELS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT INPUT PRICES AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT AUDITS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES RESOURCE USE KNOWLEDGE ECONOMIC ACTIVITY PRESENT VALUE COST EFFECTIVENESS FISCAL POLICIES CLIMATIC CONDITIONS OIL PRICES AIR POLLUTION CROWDING OUT OIL INPUT USE FOOD POLICY RESEARCH NATURAL CAPITAL POPULATION GROWTH FIXED COSTS LABOR PRODUCTIVITY OPTIONS GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT DEBT LAND DEGRADATION POLLUTION BENEFIT ANALYSIS DIVIDENDS DEVELOPING COUNTRY CONTEXT NATURAL RESOURCES MORTALITY SUBSIDIES EFFICIENCY FISHING TAXES ACCESS TO INFORMATION LAND USE EFFECTIVE USE RESOURCES UNEMPLOYMENT EQUITY PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH CONSUMPTION WAGES CLIMATE CHANGE VALUES IMMUNODEFICIENCY ECONOMIC VALUE POLICY MAKERS CREDIT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS PURCHASING POWER DEFORESTATION DEMAND SUSTAINABLE USE NATIONAL INCOME SUSTAINABLE GROWTH AGGREGATE DEMAND MARGINAL COSTS PUBLIC EXPENDITURES ELECTRICITY GENERATION EXPENDITURES COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS PROPERTY DECISION MAKING TAX RATES TRANSACTION COSTS ENVIRONMENT ECONOMICS TERMS OF TRADE TAX REVENUE FISHERIES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT TRADE LAND LAND PRODUCTIVITY CHILDREN ECONOMIES OF SCALE DRINKING WATER HEALTH PROBLEMS FARMS OIL RESERVES WATER POLLUTION REVENUE PRIVATE CONSUMPTION LIVING CONDITIONS PASTURES PROFITS ENVIRONMENTAL COST SAVINGS WETLANDS PRICES OIL SECTOR ECONOMIC CONDITIONS ECONOMIES
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Uganda
2015-12-23T14:57:21Z | 2015-12-23T14:57:21Z | 2015-12-04

After a destructive civil war and extreme political instability, Uganda began its reconstruction process in 1987. Within the enabling environment of macroeconomic stability, most of the progress on the twin goals was attributable to higher agricultural incomes. Poverty reduction among households primarily engaged in agriculture accounted for 53 percent of the reduction in poverty from 2006 to 2010 and 77 percent of the reduction in poverty from 2010 to 2013. Despite significant progress on the twin goals, vulnerability to poverty in Uganda is high and the sparse social safety nets and limited access to finance have provided little protection. Change in economic and social policies is required to prevent a slowdown in poverty reduction and an increase in vulnerability. In this context, a comprehensive framework based on the three interrelated blocks of growth, inclusion, and sustainability has been used to identify the challenges to and opportunities for ending poverty and boosting shared prosperity. The first block emphasizes the development of a competitive and resilient private sector to lead the growth process by adequately capitalizing on all the available opportunities. The second block, complementary to the first one, reinforces the need to ensure a fair distribution of the growth dividend across all Ugandans, especially those living in the north and the east, by providing them with access to social and infrastructure services so that they can increase their productive capacity and income generating opportunities. The third block emphasizes the need to undertake the inclusive growth process in a fiscally, socially, and environmentally sustainable manner.

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