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Working Paper

Pronatal Property Rights over Land and Fertility Outcomes : Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Ethiopia

HOUSEHOLD SIZE FERTILITY BEHAVIOR ECONOMIC GROWTH FAMILY TIES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PEOPLE FAMILY PLANNING INFORMATION FAMILY SIZES CENSUS DATA ECONOMIC WELFARE EXPECTATIONS PROPERTY RIGHTS POLICY CHANGE POPULATION CONTROL HUMAN REPRODUCTION WOMEN OF CHILDBEARING AGE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES PUBLIC SERVICES POPULATION DEVELOPMENT FERTILITY PATTERNS EARLY MARRIAGES OWNERSHIP OF LAND POLITICAL ECONOMY POPULATION POLICIES LIFETIME FERTILITY NEWBORN CHILD FAMILY MEMBERS INCENTIVES EQUILIBRIUM POLICY DISCUSSIONS ECONOMIC RIGHTS LAND TENURE POPULATION SIZE OLD-AGE DEVELOPED COUNTRIES ECONOMIC ANALYSIS ENUMERATION AREAS EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS PRESENT VALUE PUBLIC POLICY LABOR MARKET POPULATION CENSUS CLIMATIC CONDITIONS RATE OF POPULATION GROWTH POLITICAL DECISION POPULATION MATTERS TOTAL FERTILITY RATE POPULATION CHANGE POPULATION GROWTH FERTILITY RATES FAMILY SIZE DEMOCRACY EXTERNALITIES COMMITTEE ON POPULATION INDUSTRIALIZATION FERTILITY RATE CHILDBEARING AGE ADOPTION DEBT LAND DEGRADATION SCHOOL EXPENDITURES LAND OWNERSHIP MARRIAGE LARGER FAMILIES CHILD WELFARE ECONOMIC CHANGE RADIO GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT TAXES RESPECT ENTITLEMENTS PROGRESS RESOURCES HUMAN CAPITAL LIVE BIRTH WAGES POLICIES WORLD POPULATION POLICIES WOMAN POPULATION PROBLEM AGE POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER DIVORCE POLICY MAKERS RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POPULATION CENSUS REPRODUCTIVE DECISIONS AGE GROUPS WORKSHOP RURAL POVERTY FAMILY PLANNING FEWER CHILDREN EXPENDITURES PROPERTY IMPACT ON FERTILITY ENVIRONMENT MOTHER BULLETIN CHILDBEARING POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS FERTILITY BEHAVIOUR ECONOMICS POLICY SPILLOVER NATURAL RESOURCE BASE SEX ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RIGHTS TRADE LAND UNMARRIED WOMEN WAR NATURAL RESOURCE WORLD POPULATION CENSUSES NUMBER OF BIRTHS RURAL AREAS NUMBER OF CHILDREN MEN NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL POPULATION MARITAL STATUS CHILD LABOR POLICY RESEARCH UNFPA FERTILITY WOMEN INHERITANCE NEWBORN ENVIRONMENTAL AGRICULTURAL COMMUNITIES RURAL DEVELOPMENT PRICES ECONOMIES DEVELOPMENT POLICY
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Ethiopia
2015-11-04T21:38:08Z | 2015-11-04T21:38:08Z | 2015-09

This study exploits a natural experiment to investigate the impact of land reform on the fertility outcomes of households in rural Ethiopia. Public policies and customs created a situation where Ethiopian households could influence their usufruct rights to land via a demographic expansion of the family. The study evaluates the impact of the abolishment of these pronatal property rights on fertility outcomes. By matching aggregated census data before and after the reform with administrative data on the reform, a difference-in-differences approach between reform and non-reform districts is used to assess the impact of the reform on fertility outcomes. The impact appears to be large. The study estimates that women in rural areas reduced their life-time fertility by 1.2 children due to the reform. Robustness checks show that the impact estimates are not biased by spillovers or policy endogeneity.

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