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Working Paper

Crop Choice and Infrastructure Accessibility in Tanzania : Subsistence Crops or Export Crops?

LIVING STANDARDS AGRICULTURAL PRODUCERS AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH HOUSEHOLD SIZE ACCESS TO FERTILIZER CROP VARIETY SUBSISTENCE FERTILIZER DOMESTIC FOOD SORGHUM CROP SELECTION GLOBAL MARKETS AGRICULTURE SECTOR FOOD CONSUMPTION SCHOOLING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE CROP PRODUCERS ACCESS TO IRRIGATION AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT FERTILIZER COST CASSAVA IFPRI AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS TRAFFIC RURAL POPULATION OIL PALM REGION SMALL FARMERS CROP PRICE MAIZE CROP YIELD GLOBAL DEMAND FOR FOOD CLIMATIC CONDITIONS ROAD CROP PRODUCTION FOOD CROP PRODUCTION CEREALS COSTS COMMERCIALIZATION AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES CASH CROPS TRAINING CROP TYPE CROP CHOICE COTTON PRICES TRANSPORT HOUSEHOLD HEAD INCOME GROWTH SEEDS SESAME COTTON SECTOR PALM OIL REGIONAL MARKET FOOD PRODUCERS SEED CROP CHOICES LAND RIGHTS CROP ALTERNATIVES FARMING IRRIGATION WATER FARMERS RURAL ROADS NATURAL RESOURCES COCOA TOBACCO SUBSIDIES CROPS INFRASTRUCTURE ACCESS TO INFORMATION LAND USE PRODUCE AGRICULTURAL IMPORTS CONSUMPTION FERTILIZER SUBSIDIES FOOD SECURITY TRANSPORTATION TEA REGIONAL ECONOMY CROP CLIMATE CHANGE AGRIBUSINESS CASHEW NUTS NESTED LOGIT MODEL SUBSISTENCE CROPS AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS CROP PRICES ELASTICITIES MAIZE YIELDS CLIMATE ACCESSIBILITY REPORTS SEED TYPES RURAL POVERTY GLOBAL FOOD CROP SUITABILITY SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE COFFEE AGRICULTURE FAO PRODUCTION AREA FERTILIZER USE AGRICULTURAL INPUTS ROAD USER EXPORT CROPS ROADS COTTON ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY WALKING GROUNDNUTS SINGLE CROP WATER AVAILABILITY RURAL RESIDENTS AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS DEMAND FOR FOOD RAILROAD FOOD CROP IRRIGATION SYSTEMS IRRIGATION FOOD CROPS RURAL AREAS POVERTY BANANAS FARMS RAIL HIGH TRANSPORT COOPERATIVES WHEAT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY RICE YIELDS WALKING DISTANCE FOOD SELF-SUFFICIENCY TRANSPORT COSTS DIESEL REMOTE AREAS COMMODITY COFFEE EXPORTS PRODUCTION COSTS FINANCIAL INCENTIVES
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Tanzania
2015-07-16T15:44:09Z | 2015-07-16T15:44:09Z | 2015-06

Africa has great potential for agriculture. Although international commodity prices have been buoyant, Africa’s supply response seems to be weak. A variety of constraints may exist. Using the case of Tanzania, the paper examines the impact of market connectivity, domestic and international, on farmers’ crop choices. It is shown that the international market connectivity, measured by transport costs to the maritime port, is important for farmers to choose export crops, such as cotton and tobacco. Internal connectivity to the domestic market is also found to be important for growing food crops, such as maize and rice. Among other inputs, access to irrigation and improved seed availability are also important factors in the crop choices of farmers. The size of land area is one constraint to promote the crop shift. The paper also reports the finding that farmers are not using market prices effectively in their choice of crop, even after the endogeneity of local prices is taken into account.

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