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Tanzania Poverty Assessment

PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION POVERTY POVERTY FEMALE EDUCATION RISKS FOOD NEEDS CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEY AGRICULTURAL GROWTH POVERTY LINE LANDHOLDINGS IMPACT ON POVERTY RURAL INEQUALITY ECONOMIC GROWTH POVERTY LEVELS POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES GLOBAL MARKETS ILLITERACY FOOD CONSUMPTION INCOME POVERTY RATES POVERTY ESTIMATES EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES RURAL WOMEN NATIONAL POVERTY LINE COUNTERFACTUAL INCOME TRANSFERS POLITICAL ECONOMY DEATH FOOD POLICY NATIONAL POVERTY POOR PEOPLE EGALITARIAN DISTRIBUTION RURAL LABOR INEQUALITY REDUCTION INTERNATIONAL POVERTY LINES FOOD CONSUMPTION DATA GLOBAL POVERTY RURAL POPULATION RURAL POOR LABOR MARKET POLICIES AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT MEASURES RURAL SECTORS POVERTY MEASURES RURAL COMMUNITY NATIONAL POVERTY LINES SAFETY NETS POVERTY REDUCTION RURAL DWELLERS RURAL PEOPLE DISADVANTAGED AREAS SAVINGS CROP PRODUCTION FOOD BASKET RURAL HOUSEHOLDS CASH CROPS DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN POOR FAMILIES POOR HOUSEHOLD FOOD POVERTY LINE HOUSEHOLD HEAD POVERTY GAP INCOME GROWTH FOOD PRICE INCOME INEQUALITY POVERTY INCIDENCE POVERTY PERSISTENCE TRANSFERS INTERNATIONAL POVERTY LINE POVERTY HEADCOUNT RATES HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION POOR RURAL HOUSEHOLDS HOUSEHOLD INCOME POVERTY STATUS POVERTY MAPS ESTIMATES OF POVERTY CHRONIC POVERTY HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS FOOD EXPENDITURES LAND OWNERSHIP WELFARE INDICATORS FARMERS RISK SHARING FOOD PRODUCTS POVERTY PROFILE HOUSEHOLD HEADS FOOD ITEMS RURAL GAP UNEMPLOYMENT POVERTY LINES RURAL POOR HOUSEHOLDS HUMAN CAPITAL EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN RURAL COMMUNITIES POVERTY ERADICATION FOOD SECURITY RURAL COUNTERPARTS POVERTY INDEX CHRONIC MALNUTRITION COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE FEMALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS FOOD POVERTY RURAL SECTOR HIGHER INEQUALITY RURAL FAMILY POVERTY MAPPING AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT RURAL POVERTY FOOD GOODS FEMALE EMPOWERMENT AGRICULTURAL SECTOR EMPLOYMENT STATUS RURAL ECONOMY POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY AGRICULTURAL LAND ELIMINATION OF POVERTY DISADVANTAGED GROUPS FOOD SHORTAGE MALNUTRITION RURAL CHILD NUTRITION NUTRITION RURAL DIFFERENCES HOUSEHOLD BUDGET RURAL MARKETS POVERTY SEVERITY TRANSFER PROGRAMS IDIOSYNCRATIC SHOCKS HUMAN CAPITAL ENDOWMENTS CHILD MORTALITY INSURANCE FOOD INSECURITY TARGETING POVERTY INDICATORS HUMAN RIGHTS HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA LAND PRODUCTIVITY SUBSISTENCE FARMERS POVERTY SITUATION CORRELATES OF POVERTY DRINKING WATER EXTREME POVERTY IRRIGATION FOOD CROPS INCOME SHARES ACCESS TO SERVICES RURAL AREAS POVERTY POOR FARMERS RURAL POOR PEOPLE POOR POPULATIONS INCIDENCE OF POVERTY HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION POOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY POVERTY DYNAMICS CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMS INCOME GAINS HOUSEHOLD WELFARE POOR POVERTY ASSESSMENT INCOME QUINTILE FOOD PRICES RURAL DEVELOPMENT MONEY TRANSFERS POVERTY ANALYSIS POVERTY ALLEVIATION RURAL RESIDENCE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INEQUALITY POOR HOUSEHOLDS
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Washington, DC
Africa | Tanzania
2015-05-11T22:41:39Z | 2015-05-11T22:41:39Z | 2015-03

Since the early 2000s, Tanzania has seen remarkable economic growth and strong resilience to external shocks. Yet these achievements were overshadowed by the slow response of poverty to the growing economy. Until 2007, the poverty rate in Tanzania remained stagnant at around 34 percent despite a robust growth at an annualized rate of approximately 7 percent. This apparent disconnect between growth and poverty reduction has raised concerns among policy makers and researchers, leading to a consensus that this mismatch needed to be addressed with a sense of urgency. Over the past few years, the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (MKUKUTA) in Tanzania has given high priority to eradicating extreme poverty and promoting broad-based growth. Achieving pro-poor growth has also been widely recognized by the World Bank as a critical strategy for accelerating progress toward its twin goals of eliminating extreme poverty at the global level by 2030 and boosting shared prosperity by fostering income growth among the bottom 40 percent in every country. The official poverty figures announced by the government in November 2013 have revealed that the national strategy against poverty has begun to facilitate reductions. The basic needs poverty rate has declined from around 34 percent to 28.2 percent between 2007 and 2012, the first significant decline in the last 20 years. Identifying the policy mechanisms that have helped to increase the participation of the poor in the growth process and to speed pro-poor growth is therefore important for present and future decision-making in Tanzania on how best to eradicate poverty. Such task requires a rigorous analysis of the evolution of poverty and of the linkages between poverty, inequality, and economic growth. This report uses the availability of the new Tanzanian Household Budget Survey (HBS) for 2011 and 2012, as well as the new rebased GDP figures released in December 2014, as an opportunity to address these issues. More specifically, the report examines the recent trends in poverty and inequality and their determinants and explores how responsive poverty reduction was to economic growth and the obstacles to achieving it.

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