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Labor Policy to Promote Good Jobs in Tunisia : Revisiting Labor Regulation, Social Security, and Active Labor Market Programs

ACCOUNTING ACTIVE EMPLOYMENT ACTIVE LABOR ACTIVE LABOR MARKET ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS AGE GROUP AGGREGATE UNEMPLOYMENT AGRICULTURE ANNUAL LEAVE AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH AVERAGE WAGE AVERAGE WAGE PREMIUM AVERAGE WAGES BANK LENDING BANKING SECTOR BANKRUPTCY BANKRUPTCY PROCEDURES BANKS BARRIERS TO ENTRY BENCHMARK BENCHMARKS COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS COLLECTIVE BARGAINING COMPETITIVE PRESSURE CONSUMPTION TAXES CONTRIBUTION RATE COST OF LIVING CRAFTSMEN CREATING JOBS CREATIVE DESTRUCTION DEADWEIGHT DEBT DEPOSITS DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DEVELOPMENT POLICY DIMINISHING RETURNS DISMISSAL DRIVERS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC INEQUALITY ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE ECONOMIC POLICIES ECONOMICS ECONOMICS RESEARCH EMPLOYABILITY EMPLOYEE EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTIONS EMPLOYMENT GROWTH EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS EMPLOYMENT PROMOTION EMPLOYMENT SEARCH EMPLOYMENT SERVICES EMPLOYMENT SHARE EMPLOYMENT STATUS ENTREPRENEURSHIP EXPORTS FEMALE LABOR FEMALE LABOR FORCE FINANCIAL CRISIS FINANCIAL SECTOR FINANCIAL SERVICES FIRM DYNAMICS FIRM ENTRY FIRM GROWTH FIRM SIZE FIRST-TIME JOB SEEKERS FISCAL POLICY FORMAL SECTOR WORKERS GDP GDP PER CAPITA GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROSS WAGES GROWTH RATE HEALTH INSURANCE HEALTH SERVICES HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT HOUSING HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCES INCOME INEFFICIENCY INFORMAL SECTOR INNOVATION INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION INTERNATIONAL TRADE JOB DESTRUCTION JOB INSECURITY JOB SEARCH JOB SECURITY JOB SEEKERS JOB TENURE JOB-SEARCH ACTIVITIES JOB-SEARCH ASSISTANCE JOBS JOBS CREATION LABOR COSTS LABOR DEMAND LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION LABOR MARKET INDICATORS LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE LABOR MARKET POLICIES LABOR MARKET POLICY LABOR MARKET REFORM LABOR MARKET REFORMS LABOR MARKET SEGMENTATION LABOR MARKETS LABOR MIGRATION LABOR MOBILITY LABOR POLICIES LABOR POLICY LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LABOR REGULATION LABOR REGULATIONS LABOR SHORTAGES LABOUR LABOUR UNION LAYOFFS LEGAL STATUS LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT MACROECONOMIC CONTEXT MACROECONOMIC POLICY MACROECONOMICS MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES MARGINAL PRODUCTIVITY MARKET ENTRY MATERNITY LEAVE MATHEMATICS MINIMUM WAGE MINIMUM WAGES MONOPOLIES MORTALITY NET EMPLOYMENT NET EXPORTS NET JOB CREATION NEW ENTRANTS OCCUPATION OCCUPATIONS PAYROLL TAXES PENSIONS PERSISTENT UNEMPLOYMENT POLITICAL ECONOMY PRELIMINARY EVIDENCE PRIVATE FIRMS PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS PRIVATE PROVIDERS PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR FIRMS PRIVATE SECTOR JOBS PRIVATE SECTOR WORKERS PRIVATE SECTORS PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT PRODUCTIVITY GAP PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENTS PROPERTY TAXES PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC EXPENDITURES PUBLIC POLICY PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEES PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC SECTOR JOBS PUBLIC WORKS PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAM REAL GDP RENTS RETIREMENT SAFETY SAFETY NETS SEMISKILLED LABOR SEMISKILLED WORKERS SERVANTS SERVICE SECTORS SEVERANCE PAY SKILLED LABOR SKILLED WORKERS SOCIAL SAFETY NETS SOCIAL SECURITY STABLE JOB STATE INTERVENTION STRUCTURAL CHANGE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TELECOMMUNICATIONS TOTAL EMPLOYMENT TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY TRADE POLICY TRAINING PROGRAMS TRANSITION ECONOMIES TRANSPORT UNEMPLOYED UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE SYSTEM UNEMPLOYMENT RATE UNEMPLOYMENT RATES VALUATION VALUE ADDED VOCATIONAL TRAINING WAGE DETERMINATION WAGE FLOORS WAGE NEGOTIATION WAGE POLICIES WAGE PREMIUMS WAGE SUBSIDIES WEALTH WORK EXPERIENCE WORKER WORKERS WORKING CONDITIONS YOUTH EMPLOYMENT YOUTH TRAINING
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Washington, DC: World Bank
Middle East and North Africa | Tunisia
Angel-Urdinola, Diego F. | Nucifora, Antonio | Robalino, David
2014-12-02T23:12:33Z | 2014-12-02T23:12:33Z | 2015

Tunisians are striving for the opportunity to realize their potential and aspirations in a country that is rich in both human and physical capital, but whose recent economic growth has failed to create enough opportunities in the form of good and productive jobs. This report highlights the main barriers that hinder the Tunisian labor market from providing income, protection, and prosperity to its citizens and proposes a set of labor policies that could facilitate the creation of better, more inclusive, and more productive jobs. The weak economic performance and insufficient and low-quality job creation in Tunisia is primarily the result of an economic environment permeated by distortions, barriers to competition, and excessive red tape, including in the labor market. This has resulted in the creation of a insufficient number of jobs, especially in the formal sector. To change this situation, policy makers need to address five strategic directives that can promote long-term inclusive growth and formality: foster competition; realign incentives, pay, and benefit packages in the public sector; move toward labor regulations that promote labor mobility and provide support to workers in periods of transition; enhance the productivity of informal workers through training and skills building; and reform existing social insurance systems and introduce new instruments to attain broader coverage.

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