Skip navigation

Working Paper

Who Benefited from Burundi's Demobilization Program?

ECONOMIC BOOM DEMOBILIZED SOLDIERS LIVING STANDARDS CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEY TRANSITION FROM WAR TO PEACE MULTIPLIERS POOR DATA INCOME INTEREST CONSUMPTION BEHAVIOR COMBATANTS INCOME CHANGES DISCOUNT RATE LIQUIDITY ELASTICITY POLITICAL ECONOMY CONSTRAINTS WELFARE CURRENT CONSUMPTION MEASUREMENT ERRORS ECONOMIC POLICY LABOR ECONOMICS POLICY DISCUSSIONS VARIABLES EMPIRICAL STUDIES SOLDIERS PAYMENTS WEALTH INDEPENDENCE CONFLICT INTERNATIONAL BANK EMPIRICAL LITERATURE TRENDS REBELS COUNTERPARTS DEVELOPMENT EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS SMALL BUSINESS ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVES POSITIVE IMPACT DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS MONEY WEAPONS EX-REBEL DATA QUALITY TOTAL CONSUMPTION ECONOMETRICS EXTERNALITIES FUTURE CONSUMPTION VIOLENCE CRITERIA WORLD DEVELOPMENT CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE PRODUCT POLITICAL LIBERALIZATION ECONOMIC CONSTRAINTS EX-COMBATANTS UTILITY HOUSEHOLD WEALTH GRANTS ECONOMIC RESEARCH EX-REBELS INCOME DATA ARMAMENT GRANT CONSUMPTION GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM BERTRAND COMPETITION ELECTIONS GOOD EX- COMBATANTS ECONOMIC OUTCOMES ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS FOUNDATIONS POLICE FUTURE VALUE REBEL PATERNALISM CREDIT DEMAND ECONOMIC REINTEGRATION CONSUMPTION GOODS CONSUMPTION MEASURE EX-COMBATANT LEVELS OF CONSUMPTION PRODUCTIVE ASSETS DEMOBILIZATION AGRICULTURE ECONOMY DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS NATION AGGREGATE CONSUMPTION MEASUREMENT HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS ASSETS BENCHMARK ECONOMIC THEORY ECONOMIC SITUATION ECONOMICS REGRESSION ANALYSIS CONSTANT PRICES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT DATA SET GDP GOODS THEORY ECONOMIES OF SCALE WAR HOUSEHOLDS POSITIVE EXTERNALITIES AVERAGE ANNUAL DISARMAMENT EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE PRIVATE CONSUMPTION UNIVERSITY DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS FINANCIAL SUPPORT SOCIAL REINTEGRATION HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURES POLICY RESEARCH HOUSEHOLD WELFARE CIVIL WAR AGREEMENT LEVEL OF CONSUMPTION RECONCILIATION CONSUMPTION LEVELS OUTCOMES PUBLIC GOOD PEACE PRICES RECONSTRUCTION ECONOMIES DEVELOPMENT POLICY
76
0

Attachments [ 0 ]

There are no files associated with this item.

More Details

World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Burundi
2016-07-07T22:17:35Z | 2016-07-07T22:17:35Z | 2016-06

This paper assesses the impact of the demobilization, reinsertion and reintegration program in post-war Burundi. Two major rebel groups benefited from cash and in-kind transfers, the CNDD-FDD from 2004, and the FNL from 2010. A panel data of households collected in 2006 and 2010 is combined with official records from the National Commission for Demobilization, Reinsertion and Reintegration. Regression analysis shows that the cash payments received by FNL demobilized households had a positive impact on consumption, nonfood spending and investments. The program also generated positive spillovers in the villages where FNL combatants returned. Ex-combatants indeed spent a large part of their allowance on consumption goods and clothing, thereby generating a short-run economic boom in villages. However, the long-run evolution of consumption indicators is negative for CNDD-FDD households, as well as for villages where CNDD-FDD combatants returned, suggesting that the direct impact and the spillovers of the program vanished in the long run.

Comments

(Leave your comments here about this item.)

Item Analytics

Select desired time period