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Transparency in Revenues from Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining of Tin, Tantalum, Tungsten and Gold in Burundi

MINING OPERATORS ARTISANAL MINING ARTISANAL MINERS EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES DEPOSIT EQUIPMENT TIN DEPOSITS MINERAL LICENSE MINING LICENSE VANADIUM STOCK FOREIGN INVESTORS TUNGSTEN SUSTAINABILITY TANTALUM MINING REGULATIONS GOLD MINING MINERAL PRODUCTION EXCHANGE MINING SECTOR TRANSPARENCY INITIATIVE ORES EXPORTERS ASM SECTOR REVENUES MINERAL EXTRACTION SCALE MINING GAS TAX CLOSURE ARTISANAL GOLD INTERNATIONAL BANK MINERAL PRICES MINERAL SECTOR ASM OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ARTISANAL MINING COMMUNITIES MINING LICENSES GRAVEL INDEBTEDNESS EXCHANGE COMMISSION SMALL- SCALE OIL LICENSE HOLDERS GOVERNMENT POLICY MINING EQUIPMENT MINERAL DEPOSITS MINING PERMIT SMALL- SCALE MINING GOLD GOLD MINES TRADING SAND MINING COMPANIES MARKETS REVENUE STREAMS PRIVATE INVESTMENT EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRIES TRANSPARENCY INITIATIVE MINE SITES PROSPECTING REHABILITATION MINING MINING INDUSTRY DIRECT INVESTMENT BANKING SECTORS LANDOWNER NATURAL RESOURCES SMELTER NICKEL ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE MINING KAOLIN MINING PRODUCTS FINANCE MINING HISTORY ACTIVE MINES MARKET PRICE TAXES ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE ACCESS TO INFORMATION TRANSACTIONS INVESTORS ARTISANAL AND SMALL- SCALE MINING COLLECTION PROCESS REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS GOOD REVENUE FLOWS MINERAL RESOURCES TRANSPARENCY GEOLOGY HEALTH AND SAFETY MARKET CONDITIONS ARTISANAL GOLD MINERS FUTURE OPERATING ENVIRONMENT MECHANIZED MINING FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT LOCAL MARKET OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY MINES URBAN AREAS GOLD MINERS SMALL SCALE QUARRIES MINERAL TYPE ISSUANCE SAFETY AND HEALTH MMSD MARKET MINERAL SUPPLY NIOBIUM FOREIGN EXCHANGE ARTISANAL MINING LICENSES MARKET VALUE SECURITIES MINING COMMUNITIES REVENUE COLLECTION MINING ACTIVITIES EXPLOITATION LICENSES MINE SITE LICENSE FEES MINING COMPANY LICENSE FEE GOODS SECURITY GEOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK INTERNATIONAL MARKET INVESTMENT BREACH SHARE MINE OWNER POVERTY WOLFRAM ASM ACTIVITIES ROCKS REVENUE PROFIT REVENUE TRANSPARENCY CHILD LABOR MINING AREAS SMALL-SCALE MINING SMALL-SCALE EXCHANGE RATE MINERALS SECTOR EITI SMALL DEPOSITS INVESTMENT CAPITAL INDUSTRIAL MINING LICENSES COMMODITY PRICES GOLD PRODUCTION GUARANTEE CONSUMER PROTECTION BOOK ENTRY PAYMENT OF TAXES STOCK MARKETS REGISTRATION PROCESS MIDDLEMEN MINERALS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Burundi
2016-03-01T22:13:54Z | 2016-03-01T22:13:54Z | 2016-01

Burundi has a wide range of mineral deposits of which tin, tantalum and tungsten ores, along with gold, are its primary mineral exports. Burundi’s geological endowment also includes nickel, rare earths, vanadium, and construction materials. The majority of mineral extraction is carried out by artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) which is officially structured through cooperatives. Tin, tantalum, tungsten (from the minerals cassiterite, tantalite and wolframite and often referred to as the ‘3Ts’) and gold are the primary minerals mined and exported. Improvements in the gold sector are where the Burundian Government stands to make the greatest gains though this is complex to achieve and needs a very practical strategy which is grounded in market and trade realities. Taxation is one element of this but should not be considered in isolation. Engagement with the existing market and finding incentives for formalization is essential. The Government of Burundi should showcase its efforts to improve transparency and traceability. The next step will be to use EITI and iTSCi standards to help to meet the basic needs of artisanal mining communities and to contribute to formalization. This will promote positive perceptions and acceptance of both systems to the benefit of Burundi’s mineral sector and national revenues.

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