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Case Study

The Nigeria Fadama National Development Series : How to Build a Pilot into a National Program through Learning and Adaptation

COMMUNITIES RISKS AGRICULTURAL GROWTH TRADITIONAL LEADERS COMMUNITY PROJECTS COMMUNITY ASSOCIATIONS POVERTY LINE SOCIAL FUNDS ECONOMIC GROWTH FARMER GROUPS VILLAGES LOCAL CAPACITY FEEDBACK CONSULTATION COMMUNITY SUPPORT POVERTY LEVELS FARMING SEASON CROPLAND INCOME AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION COMMUNITY CAPACITY NATIONAL POVERTY LINE COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS GROUPS AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT LOCAL GOVERNMENTS POVERTY REDUCTION PROJECT SERVICES COMMUNITY ASSETS LOCAL FARMERS HEALTH NATIONAL POVERTY POOR PEOPLE CAPACITY BUILDING PROJECT PREPARATION PROJECTS PROJECT BENEFICIARY PARTICIPATION COMMUNITY ACCESS IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT ASSOCIATIONS RURAL POPULATION CONFLICT MEASURES COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION POVERTY REDUCTION RURAL DWELLERS COMMUNITY MEMBERS COMMUNICATIONS COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CROP PRODUCTION TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE SERVICE CONTRACTS RURAL HOUSEHOLDS TRAINING FARMING AREAS BUILDING LOCAL CAPACITY INTERVENTION RURAL INCOME FARMERS’ ASSOCIATIONS LOCALITIES RURAL INCOME GENERATION COMMUNITY CONTROL MARKETS ORGANIZATIONS LAND DEGRADATION FARMERS POOR RURAL AREAS CAPITAL INVESTMENTS COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION SUBSIDIES MARGINALIZED GROUPS POLITICAL SUPPORT FARMERS GROUPS INFRASTRUCTURE DESIGN LOCAL AUTHORITY LESSONS LEARNED RURAL POVERTY LINE RURAL PROJECTS COMMUNITY SUBPROJECTS FARMERS’ ORGANIZATIONS SOCIAL ORGANIZATION RURAL COMMUNITIES ARCHITECTURE PROCUREMENT TRANSPARENCY RURAL SECTOR DESCRIPTION PARTICIPATION FARM PRODUCTION GENDER RURAL POVERTY URBAN AREAS HOUSEHOLD AGRICULTURAL SECTOR COMMUNITY AFFAIRS AGENCIES SOCIAL SCIENCE INTEREST GROUPS YOUTH PARTICIPATORY PROCESS RURAL INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY LOCAL GROUPS MARKET ACCESS TO MARKETS CROP LOSSES SOCIAL CAPITAL RURAL FARMERS FOOD INSECURITY TARGETING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY DECISION MAKING COLLECTIVE ACTIONS PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION RURAL INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS VILLAGE LEVEL LOCAL COMMUNITIES IRRIGATION HOUSEHOLDS PRESSURE GROUPS RURAL AREAS POVERTY AGRICULTURAL INCOMES PASTORALISTS COMMUNITY GROUPS FACILITATORS COMMUNITY OWNERSHIP INCIDENCE OF POVERTY SOCIAL COHESION FACILITIES AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY RISK MANAGEMENT INTERVENTIONS POOR COMMUNITY CONFLICT RESOLUTION INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES TECHNOLOGIES ECONOMIC SHOCKS RURAL DEVELOPMENT URBAN POPULATION FEMALE SERVICE BENEFITS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Nigeria
2016-06-06T15:16:23Z | 2016-06-06T15:16:23Z | 2016-03

Over the last 20 years, poor rural farmers in Nigeria have seen the benefits of community organization as a tool for local economic development under the National Fadama Development Project series. They have witnessed improvements in rural areas that have embraced a more inclusive and participatory model of local economic decision making. Many communities have come together under the umbrella of new institutional arrangements for addressing local issues. These arrangements have visibly improved economic conditions, boosted agricultural incomes, and helped reduce rural poverty. This transformation has taken place in challenging environments, where basic agriculture remains the principal source of livelihoods and where rural stakeholders have not traditionally participated in cooperative local economic arrangements. This case study aims to show how learning and adaptation have been important to the success of the Fadama project, and how lessons learned can help inform new operations in agricultural reform and rural development more broadly. The case study explores the following question: How did the Fadama project learn and adapt to changing circumstances, including the social and political context, as it evolved from a pilot program to a successful national project? The chronological review looks at how the program’s success can be attributed to its capacity to build on existing knowledge of local conditions, to pilot and learn before scaling up, to incorporate and test global practices, and to build important new institutional structures at the local level. This case study also examines how the evolving institutional structure ultimately led to a change in the social contract among farmers, other stakeholders, and different levels of government, resulting in a cultural shift in the process of local development. This shift was prompted in part by a transfer of global knowledge and adaptation of prevailing global practices.

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