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Learning in the Face of Adversity : The UNRWA Education Program for Palestine Refugees

ABSENTEEISM ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT ACADEMIC GUIDANCE ACADEMIC OUTCOMES ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS ACADEMIC SUPPORT ACHIEVEMENT DATA ADULTS ADVANCED EDUCATION APPROACH TO EDUCATION ASSESSMENT SYSTEM AVERAGE TREATMENT EFFECT BACHELOR DEGREE BASIC EDUCATION CAREER CAREER DEVELOPMENT CAREER OPPORTUNITIES CHILD DEVELOPMENT CLASS ACTIVITIES CLASS TIME CLASSROOM CLASSROOM EXPERIENCE CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION CLASSROOM LEVEL CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT CLASSROOM MATERIALS CLASSROOM PERFORMANCE CLASSROOM PRACTICE CLASSROOM TIME CLASSROOMS COGNITIVE ACHIEVEMENT COLLABORATIVE LEARNING COLLEGE EDUCATION COLLEGES COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION COMPETENCIES CONTEXTUAL FACTORS COST PER STUDENT CURRICULAR MATERIAL CURRICULUM CURRICULUM CONTENT DEGREES EDUCATED STUDENTS EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION EXPERIENCES EDUCATION FOR ALL EDUCATION OUTCOMES EDUCATION POLICIES EDUCATION PROGRAMS EDUCATION SYSTEM EDUCATION SYSTEMS EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT EDUCATORS EFFECTIVE TEACHING EFFECTIVE TEACHING STRATEGIES EIGHTH GRADE STUDENTS EMPLOYMENT ENROLLMENT ENTRY REQUIREMENTS EXAM EXAMS FIELD TEST FINANCIAL AUDITS FIRST GRADE GRADE LEVELS HIGH SCHOOL HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES HIGHER GRADE HIGHER LEARNING HOMEWORK HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCES IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES INCENTIVES FOR TEACHERS INSTRUCTION INSTRUCTIONAL EFFECTIVENESS INSTRUCTIONAL TIME INTERACTIVE LEARNING INTERNATIONAL STUDENT ASSESSMENT JOB SATISFACTION KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY LEADERSHIP LEARNING LEARNING ACHIEVEMENT LEARNING ACTIVITIES LEARNING ENVIRONMENT LEARNING OUTCOMES LEARNING PROCESS LEARNING TIME LESSON PLANS LEVEL OF EDUCATION LEVELS OF EDUCATION LITERATURE LOWER SECONDARY MALE STUDENT MANUALS MATHEMATICS MENTORS MINISTRY OF EDUCATION NATIONAL ASSESSMENT NATIONAL ASSESSMENTS OLD STUDENTS OPPORTUNITIES FOR STUDENTS PARENTAL EDUCATION PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT PARENTAL SUPPORT PEDAGOGICAL PRACTICES PEDAGOGICAL TRAINING PEDAGOGY PEER SUPPORT PRIMARY SCHOOL PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHER PROBLEM SOLVING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC EDUCATION PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC SCHOOL PUBLIC SCHOOL STUDENTS PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEMS PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS PUBLIC SCHOOLS QUALITY EDUCATION QUALITY LEARNING QUALITY OF EDUCATION QUALITY TEACHERS QUALITY TEACHING READING REFUGEE REFUGEE COMMUNITY REFUGEE STUDENTS REFUGEE WOMEN REFUGEE YOUTH REFUGEES REMEDIAL CLASSES RESEARCHERS SCHOOL ACTIVITIES SCHOOL AUTONOMY SCHOOL CLIMATE SCHOOL COUNCILS SCHOOL COUNTERPARTS SCHOOL DIRECTORS SCHOOL FACTORS SCHOOL FINANCE SCHOOL LEADERS SCHOOL LEVEL SCHOOL LOCATION SCHOOL MANAGEMENT SCHOOL PERFORMANCE SCHOOL PRINCIPALS SCHOOL STAFF SCHOOL STUDENTS SCHOOL SUPPORT SCHOOL SYSTEM SCHOOL SYSTEMS SCHOOL TEACHERS SCHOOL VISITS SCHOOLS SCIENCE CLASSES SCIENCE SCORES SCIENCE STUDY STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT STUDENT ASSESSMENT STUDENT ASSESSMENT METHODS STUDENT ASSESSMENT SYSTEMS STUDENT ASSESSMENTS STUDENT BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS STUDENT ENGAGEMENT STUDENT INVOLVEMENT STUDENT LEARNING STUDENT MOTIVATION STUDENT OUTCOMES STUDENT PARTICIPATION STUDENT PERFORMANCE STUDENT SELECTION STUDENT SELECTION CRITERIA SUBJECT MATTER SUBJECTS TEACHER TEACHER ASSESSMENT TEACHER CHARACTERISTICS TEACHER COLLEGES TEACHER COMPETENCY TEACHER EFFECTIVENESS TEACHER EXPECTATIONS TEACHER MANAGEMENT TEACHER MOTIVATION TEACHER PERFORMANCE TEACHER PREPARATION TEACHER QUALIFICATION TEACHER QUALIFICATIONS TEACHER SALARIES TEACHER SELECTION TEACHERS TEACHING AIDS TEACHING CHARACTERISTICS TEACHING METHODS TEACHING PROGRAMS TEACHING STRATEGIES TEST SCORES TEXTBOOK TEXTBOOKS TRAINING PROGRAMS UPPER SECONDARY VISITS TO SCHOOLS VULNERABLE GROUPS
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | West Bank and Gaza
2014-12-08T17:30:18Z | 2014-12-08T17:30:18Z | 2014-10

The goal of this study is to provide a better understanding of how a school system can operate efficiently under adversity. The results of this work will be useful in identifying relevant policies in the Middle East and North Africa region. Palestine refugees are achieving higher-than-average learning outcomes in spite of the adverse circumstances they live under. Their education system the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) operates one of the largest non-governmental school systems in the Middle East. It manages nearly 700 schools, has hired 17,000 staff, educates more than 500,000 refugee students each year, and operates in five areas, including the West Bank, Gaza, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. This study examines three: West Bank, Gaza, and Jordan. Contrary to what might be expected from a resource-constrained administration serving refugee students who continually face a multitude of adversities, UNRWA students outperform public schools in the three regions the West Bank, Gaza, and Jordan by a year's worth of learning. This study was undertaken to better understand the reasons for success at UNRWA schools and their positive variation from comparable public schools. Econometric techniques were used to analyze international (TIMSS and Programme for International Student Assessment, or PISA) and national learning achievement data. Pedagogical practices and classroom time-on-task were observed using structured methods (Stallings model). Systems Approach for Better Education Results (SABER) tools were used to better understand the policies and implementation strategies for school and teacher management and for monitoring and evaluation. Additionally, qualitative data were collected and analyzed in line with an education resilience conceptual framework to better uncover factors that help students develop the skills to learn despite the adversities they face.

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