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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study

More Jobs, Better Jobs : A Priority for Egypt

ADJUSTMENT POLICIES ADVERSE EFFECTS AGE CATEGORY AGE DISTRIBUTION AGGREGATE DEMAND AGRICULTURE BANKRUPTCY BULLETIN CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITAL INVESTMENTS COMPETITION POLICY COMPETITIVENESS CONSUMERS CRISES CURRENT POPULATION CYCLICAL UNEMPLOYMENT DEBT DECISION MAKING DEMOGRAPHIC GROWTH DEREGULATION DEVALUATION DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DEVELOPMENT POLICY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY DISABILITY DISTORTED INCENTIVES DOMESTIC WORKERS EARLY RETIREMENT ECONOMIC CRISIS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES ECONOMIC POLICIES ECONOMIC RESEARCH ECONOMIC SECTORS ECONOMIC SHOCKS ECONOMIC STRUCTURE ECONOMIC VULNERABILITIES ECONOMICS EDUCATION LEVEL EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EDUCATIONAL LEVELS EMPLOYER EMPLOYMENT CREATION EMPLOYMENT GENERATION EMPLOYMENT GROWTH EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES EMPLOYMENT POLICIES EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP EMPLOYMENT SHARE EMPLOYMENT STATUS ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY EXPORT MARKETS EXPORTS EXTREME POVERTY FAIR ACCESS FEMALE EMPLOYMENT FEMALE LABOR FEMALE LABOR FORCE FERTILITY FINANCIAL CRISES FINANCIAL CRISIS FINANCIAL SECTOR FIRM ENTRY FIRM SIZE FISCAL POLICY FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FOREIGN OWNERSHIP FULL EMPLOYMENT GDP GDP PER CAPITA GENDER GENDER GAPS GENDER INEQUALITY GNP GOVERNMENT BONDS GOVERNMENT REGULATION GROWTH RATE HEALTH INSURANCE HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT HOUSEHOLDS HUMAN CAPITAL INCOME INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT INDUSTRIAL LABOR INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION INDUSTRIALIZATION INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT INFORMAL SECTOR INNOVATION INTENSIVE INDUSTRIES INTEREST RATES INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANISATION INTERNATIONAL MIGRANT JOB CREATION JOB OPPORTUNITIES JOB SECURITY JOB STATUS JOBS JOBS CRISIS LABOR DEMAND LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION LABOR LAWS LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES LABOR MARKET POLICIES LABOR MARKETS LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LABOR SHORTAGES LABOR STATISTICS LABOR-INTENSIVE PRODUCTION LABORERS LABOUR LEGAL PROTECTION LIFETIME JOB SECURITY LOW UNEMPLOYMENT LOW UNEMPLOYMENT RATES MACROECONOMIC ANALYSIS MACROECONOMIC MANAGEMENT MACROECONOMICS MALE WORKERS MANPOWER MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES MARKET ECONOMIES MARKET FAILURES MICRO ENTERPRISES MIGRANT MIGRATION MINIMUM WAGE MODERNIZATION MONOPOLIES MONOPOLY NATIONAL SECURITY NDP NET JOB CREATION NUMBER OF WORKERS OLD AGE OPEN DOOR OPPORTUNISTIC BEHAVIOR OPPORTUNITY COST OVERVALUATION PENSIONS POLICY FRAMEWORK POLICY IMPLICATIONS POLICY MAKERS POLITICAL DECISION POLITICAL ECONOMY POPULATION DISTRIBUTION POPULATION GROWTH PRESS RELEASE PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT PRIVATE ENTERPRISES PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR EMPLOYEES PRIVATE SECTOR JOB PRIVATE SECTORS PRIVATIZATION PRODUCTION PROCESS PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRESS PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC POLICY PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEE PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEES PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC SECTOR JOB PUBLIC SECTOR JOBS RADIO RATE OF GROWTH REAL GDP REGIONAL POLICY REMITTANCE REMITTANCES RENTS RESPECT RETAIL TRADE RETIREMENT SAFETY SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY SCHOOLS SELF EMPLOYED SERVANTS SKILLED LABOR SOCIAL BENEFITS SOCIAL FUND SOCIAL SECTORS SOCIAL SECURITY SOCIAL UNREST SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES TEEN TELECOMMUNICATIONS TEMPORARY WORKERS TOTAL EMPLOYMENT TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY TRADE BARRIERS TRANSPORTATION TV UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATE UNEMPLOYMENT RATES UNEMPLOYMENT REDUCTION UNFAIR COMPETITION USER FEES VALUE ADDED WAGE GAP WAGE POLICY WAGE STRUCTURE WAGES WAR WEALTH WORK FORCE WORKER WORKERS WORKFORCE WORKING-AGE POPULATION YOUNG PEOPLE YOUNG WOMEN YOUNG WORKERS YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Egypt, Arab Republic of
2014-11-19T22:16:21Z | 2014-11-19T22:16:21Z | 2014-06

Much of the current debate around the recent economic crisis in the Arab Republic of Egypt has focused on unemployment. Although unemployment is an important marker of labor market health, the jobs problem in Egypt precedes the recent crisis and is manifested markedly in other labor market metrics. Indeed, the link between growth and unemployment in Egypt is weak, particularly for men. This chapter argues that the reason for this weak link is partly related to decades of flawed industrial policies that have discouraged investment in employment-generating activities. Industrial policies, including those implemented in the mid-2000s, were never focused on mitigating market failures to promote the emergence of fast-growing, high-productivity firms. Instead, they have worked to preserve insider privileges, leading to growth in sectors that are not labor intensive. Policy makers therefore need to look beyond supply-side focused labor market policies to accelerate employment growth.

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