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Ending War, Building Peace : Contribution of the National DDR Program in DRC to Peace in the African Great Lakes Region

ACCESS TO EDUCATION ACCORDS AGGRESSION AMMUNITION ARMED CONFLICT ARMED FORCE ARMED FORCES ARMS ARMY BASIC EDUCATION BASIC NEEDS BOUNDARIES CAPACITY BUILDING CARE FOR CHILDREN CHILD SOLDIERS COMBAT CONFLICT CONFLICTS CONVENTION COUNSELLING DEFENCE DEMOBILIZATION DISABILITY DISARMAMENT DISEASES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC INTEGRATION ECONOMIC REHABILITATION ECONOMIC REINTEGRATION ELECTIONS EMBASSIES EX-COMBATANT EX-COMBATANTS EXCOMBATANTS FACILITATION FACT SHEET FAMILY REUNIFICATION FIGHT AGAINST POVERTY FIGHTING FINANCIAL SUPPORT FIREARMS FOOD AID GENDER ISSUES HEALTH CARE HIV HUMAN DIGNITY HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS IBRD INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL DONORS INTERNATIONAL LABOR ORGANIZATION JOB TRAINING LABOUR FORCE LACK OF AWARENESS LEGAL STATUS LOCAL AUTHORITIES LOCAL COMMUNITIES LOCAL COMMUNITY MEDICAL CARE MEDICAL FACILITY MEETING MEETINGS MILITARY TRAINING MILITIA NATIONAL DEFENSE NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONAL STRATEGY NATIONS NEWSLETTER NUMBER OF CHILDREN NUMBER OF PEOPLE NUMBER OF WOMEN OPERATIONAL FRAMEWORK PEACE PEACE ACCORDS PEACE AGREEMENTS PEACE BUILDING PEACE TREATIES PEACEKEEPING PENSIONS PROJECT DESIGN PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT QUALITY OF SERVICES REBEL RECONCILIATION RECONSTRUCTION REGIONAL CONFLICT REHABILITATION REINTEGRATION PROCESS REPATRIATION RESTITUTION ROADS SAFETY NET SAFETY NETS SECURITY SITUATION SOCIAL ACTION SOCIAL AFFAIRS SOCIAL COHESION SOCIAL COMMISSION SOCIAL REHABILITATION SOCIAL REINTEGRATION SOCIAL VULNERABILITY SOLDIER SOLDIERS SURGICAL REPAIR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TOLERANCE TRAINING CENTERS TRAINING OPPORTUNITIES TRANSPORTATION TREATIES TUBERCULOSIS UNDP VETERANS VIOLENCE VOCATIONAL TRAINING VOLUNTARY TESTING VULNERABLE GROUPS WAR WARS WEAPON WEAPONS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Congo, Democratic Republic of
2017-06-15T19:26:25Z | 2017-06-15T19:26:25Z | 2012-05

The National Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Program (NDDRP) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) was implemented over a period of seven years (2004- 2011) with the World Bank's support and funding. The NDDRP had three objectives: 1) disarmament of all combatants willing to be granted a status of demobilized person; 2) demobilization of all ex-combatants who met the conditions for a return to civilian life through a downsizing process of armed forces or groups; and 3) reintegrate the demobilized in the social and economic practices of the community of their choice with opportunities and conditions similar to those of other members of the community. To achieve these objectives, the DRC government initially established a National Commission of Demobilization and Reinsertion (CONADER, 2003), then established the NDDRP (2004), and finally created a new NDDRP Implementation Unit (IU-NDDRP, 2007). NDDRP was divided into three distinct phases, each capitalizing on the gains as well as the mistakes of the past. Economic reintegration of demobilized ex-combatants represented four out of five demobilized as recorded by the program. At the program's conclusion, the implementing partners decided to support the creation, legalization, and strengthening of demobilized persons' economic associations. This model of economic and social reintegration developed by the NDDRP can serve as a model framework for future rehabilitation and reintegration processes in DRC as well as in other countries. Finally, as the results were not as high as expected in regard to the number of women as well as wounded and disabled veterans demobilized, the NDDRP can be lauded for successfully reaching and reintegrating a highly significant number of Children Associated to Armed Forces and Groups (CAAFG) through special projects executed by different implementing partners.

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