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Working Paper

Assessing Benefit Portability for International Migrant Workers : A Review of the Austria-Turkey Bilateral Social Security Agreement

ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE RISKS UNEMPLOYMENT RATES ECONOMIC GROWTH PEOPLE OLD AGE SKILLED WORKERS REPRESENTATIVES FROM MINISTRIES SPOUSE OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN MILITARY PERSONNEL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES POPULATION FACTS LABOR FORCE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES HEALTH INSURANCE IMMIGRANTS HEALTH CARE LEGAL STATUS RETURN MIGRATION FAMILY MEMBERS UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND HEALTH PREVENTIVE HEALTH CARE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES POPULATION FUND TREATIES VULNERABILITY POPULATION SIZE OLD-AGE PUBLIC HEALTH SPOUSES SAFETY NETS KNOWLEDGE INTERNATIONAL COVENANT INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION LABOR MARKET GENDER BALANCE MINISTRY OF HEALTH DISEASES IRON EQUAL TREATMENT TRAINING EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES HOST COUNTRIES HEALTH SYSTEMS FAMILY SIZE FAMILY REUNIFICATION SECONDARY SCHOOL CITIZEN MIGRATION HEALTH CARE SERVICES MODERNIZATION VOCATIONAL EDUCATION MARRIAGE SOCIAL SECURITY SERVICE DELIVERY MIGRANTS INTERVIEW NUMBER OF PERSONS HEALTH CARE SYSTEM ELDERLY MEDICAL TREATMENT UNEMPLOYMENT QUALITY CARE MULTILATERAL AGREEMENTS MIGRANT FOOD SECURITY WORKERS POLICIES AGED OLDER AGE GROUPS KNOWLEDGE BASE PENSIONS POLICY DOCUMENT SOCIAL POLICY PURCHASING POWER SAFETY NET LONG-TERM CARE INTERNATIONAL MIGRANT URBAN AREAS GLOBAL POPULATION SOVEREIGNTY MIGRANT WORKERS MEASUREMENT REFUGEES MIGRANT-SENDING COUNTRIES INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS MOTHER NATIONALS EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION POLICY SOCIAL WELFARE QUALITY OF LIFE CITIZENS AVERAGE FAMILY SIZE SOCIAL POLICIES INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS LEGAL MIGRANTS HEALTH SYSTEM NUMBER OF WORKERS SOCIAL AFFAIRS PERMANENT RESIDENCE SOCIAL SECTORS HUMAN RIGHTS ECONOMICS OF IMMIGRATION ECONOMIC INTEGRATION CHILDREN CITIZENSHIP WORLD POPULATION HOST COUNTRY IMMIGRATION DISABILITY NUMBER OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS POPULATION LABOR SUPPLY STUDENTS EMERGENCY TREATMENT STRATEGY HOME COUNTRIES REGISTRATION FAMILIES WOMEN INHERITANCE MEDICINES EMERGENCY CARE REMITTANCES HOSPITALS QUALITATIVE INFORMATION UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS RECIPIENT COUNTRY IMPLEMENTATION HEALTH SERVICES CULTURAL RIGHTS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | European Union | Austria | Turkey
2016-07-20T21:40:31Z | 2016-07-20T21:40:31Z | 2016-05

The portability of social benefits is gaining importance given the increasing share of individuals working at least a part of their life outside their home country. Bilateral social security agreements (BSSAs) are considered a crucial approach to establishing portability, but the functionality and effectiveness of these agreements have not yet been investigated; thus important guidance for policymakers in migrant-sending and migrant-receiving countries is missing. To shed light on how BSSAs work in practice, this document is part of a series providing information and lessons from studies of portability in four diverse but comparable migration corridors: Austria-Turkey, Germany-Turkey, Belgium-Morocco, and France-Morocco. A summary policy paper draws broader conclusions and offers overarching policy recommendations. This report looks specifically into the working of the Austria-Turkey corridor. Findings suggest that the BSSA between Austria and Turkey is broadly working well, with no main substantive issues in the area of pension portability and few minor substantive issues concerning health care portability and financing. Process issues around information and automation of information exchange are recognized and are beginning to be addressed.

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