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Working Paper

Women's Empowerment, Sibling Rivalry, and Competitiveness : Evidence from a Lab Experiment and a Randomized Control Trial in Uganda

EMPOWERMENT CHILD HEALTH OLDER SISTERS SOCIAL NORMS GAYS REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SEX ROLE SOCIALIZATION CHILD POLICY PSYCHOLOGY FAMILY STRUCTURE BROTHERS ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT CULTURAL NORMS PUBERTY BIRTH ORDER EARLY ADULTHOOD WILL VOCATIONAL SKILLS BIRTH ORDER CHILD HEALTH CULTURAL NORMS DEMOGRAPHY GENDER EQUALITY YOUNG WOMEN LABOR MARKET MARITAL STATUS GENDER GAP IDENTITY SEX ROLE BOYS ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT GENDER NORMS ORGANIZATIONS PSYCHOLOGICAL PRESSURE MARRIAGE SOCIAL NORMS COMPENSATION PSYCHOLOGICAL PRESSURE RESIDENCE FEMALE WORKERS INFORMED CHOICES RISK TAKING EARLY CHILDBEARING ADOLESCENT CLUBS ADOLESCENT GIRLS ADULTHOOD LABOR MARKET GENDER GAP LESBIANS YOUNG MEN SEX DIFFERENCES REPRODUCTION WHO ADOLESCENCE EARLY MARRIAGE ADOLESCENT GIRLS GENDER DIFFERENCES SISTERS YOUNG MEN ADOLESCENT CLUBS LABOUR MARKET FAMILY GENDER IDENTITY AGE GENDER FEMALE WORKERS LABOUR MARKET EDUCATIONAL CHOICES GENDER NORMS ADOLESCENTS CHILDBEARING SEX DIFFERENCES PARENTS SEX CULTURES GENDER DIFFERENCE CHILDREN EARLY ADULTHOOD CHILD VOCATIONAL SKILLS HOUSEHOLDS EQUALITY GENDER ROLES ADOLESCENT YOUNG WOMEN RISK TAKING EARLY CHILDBEARING YOUNG PEOPLE MARITAL STATUS GIRLS FAMILY STRUCTURE GENDER COMPOSITION INFORMED CHOICES SOCIETY GENDER COMPOSITION NORMS FERTILITY FAMILIES WOMEN INHERITANCE TABOOS GENDER ROLES OLDER SISTERS EARLY MARRIAGE FEMALE EDUCATIONAL CHOICES GENDER IDENTITY GENDER DIFFERENCES GENDER DIFFERENCE GENDER EQUALITY AFRICA GENDER POLICY GENDER INNOVATION LAB WOMEN AND YOUTH EMPLOYMENT
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Uganda
2016-06-14T21:36:21Z | 2016-06-14T21:36:21Z | 2016-06

This study looks at how a community event—adolescent women's economic and social empowerment -- and a family factor -- sibling sex composition—interact in shaping gender differences in preferences for competition. To do so, a lab-in-the-field experiment is conducted using competitive games layered over the randomized rollout of a community program that empowered adolescent girls in Uganda. In contrast with the literature, the study finds no gender differences in competitiveness among adolescents, on average. It also finds no evidence of differences in competitiveness between girls in treatment and control communities, on average. However, in line with the literature, in control communities the study finds that boys surrounded by sisters are less competitive. Strikingly, this pattern is reversed in treatment communities, where boys surrounded by (empowered) sisters are more competitive.

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