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Working Paper

Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation of the Household Welfare Impacts of Conditional and Unconditional Cash Transfers Given to Mothers or Fathers

EMPLOYMENT SAFETY NET PROGRAMS HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEY RIGHTS POVERTY LINE FORMAL EDUCATION PRODUCTION PEOPLE FOOD CONSUMPTION INCOME SCHOOLING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION ENROLLMENT NATIONAL POVERTY LINE SCHOOL AGE POPULATION MORBIDITY GROUPS HEALTH EDUCATION RESOURCE ALLOCATION COST-EFFECTIVENESS INFORMATION PEDIATRICS MONITORING HEALTH CARE NET ATTENDANCE RATIO EDUCATION EXPENDITURES EFFECTS INCENTIVES HEALTH NATIONAL POVERTY PSYCHOLOGISTS PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE POPULATION MEASURES GENDER BIAS STUDENT PARTICIPATION SAFETY NETS POVERTY REDUCTION KNOWLEDGE COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT COST EFFECTIVENESS LIVESTOCK OWNERSHIP FOOD FOR EDUCATION MATHEMATICS RURAL HOUSEHOLDS CASH CROPS DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS POOR FAMILIES HOUSEHOLD HEAD INTERVENTION SECONDARY SCHOOLS EXTERNALITIES CHILD DEVELOPMENT ATTRITION TRANSFERS PRIMARY SCHOOLING PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS SCHOOL UNIFORMS ORGANIZATIONS LEARNING STANDARDS LABOR PRIMARY SCHOOL FARMERS EPIDEMICS MENTAL HEALTH CASH TRANSFERS MORTALITY ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS NUTRITIONAL STATUS PRIMARY SCHOOLS SOCIAL SAFETY NETS HUMAN CAPITAL DROPOUT RATES RURAL COMMUNITIES ENROLLMENT RATES SCIENCE AGED VALUES SCHOOLS SCHOOL ATTENDANCE PARTICIPATION VALUE ENROLLMENT FOR BOYS LEARNING OUTCOMES FAMILY LABOR ENROLLMENT DATA HEALTH OUTCOMES PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE ENROLLMENT RATE SAFETY NET SCHOOL SUPPLIES STRESS HOUSEHOLD HEAD AGE MALNUTRITION RURAL RECORDING ATTENDANCE NUTRITION HOUSEHOLD CHORES INTRAHOUSEHOLD TRANSFERS TRANSFER PROGRAMS ECONOMICS EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES SCHOOL FEEDING RISK FACTORS CHILD MORTALITY WEIGHT TARGETING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX SUBSISTENCE FARMERS CHILDREN EDUCATION CLINICS INVESTMENT CHILD EDUCATION RISK BIRTH HISTORY POVERTY FEEDING PROGRAMS CRISES BARGAINING SUPPLY BANKING SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAMS LABOR SUPPLY LAW GIRLS HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT STUDENTS CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMS CHILD LABOR HOUSEHOLD WELFARE INTERVENTIONS POOR STRATEGY SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN FEES SIBLINGS REGISTRATION FAMILIES WOMEN CAPITAL INVESTMENT OUTCOMES CLASSROOMS SAFETY PRIMARY SCHOOL ENROLLMENT IMPLEMENTATION PRICES POVERTY ALLEVIATION RETURNS TO EDUCATION HUMAN DEVELOPMENT POOR HOUSEHOLDS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Burkina Faso
2016-07-07T21:53:51Z | 2016-07-07T21:53:51Z | 2016-06

This study conducted a randomized control trial in rural Burkina Faso to estimate the impact of alternative cash transfer delivery mechanisms on education, health, and household welfare outcomes. The two-year pilot program randomly distributed cash transfers that were either conditional or unconditional and were given to either mothers or fathers. Conditionality was linked to older children enrolling in school and attending regularly and younger children receiving preventive health check-ups. Compared with the control group, cash transfers improve children's education and health and household socioeconomic conditions. For school enrollment and most child health outcomes, conditional cash transfers outperform unconditional cash transfers. Giving cash to mothers does not lead to significantly better child health or education outcomes, and there is evidence that money given to fathers improves young children's health, particularly during years of poor rainfall. Cash transfers to fathers also yield relatively more household investment in livestock, cash crops, and improved housing.

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