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Working Paper

The Impact of a Community Development and Poverty Reduction Program on Early Childhood Development in Morocco

SANITATION HOUSEHOLD INCOMES PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLD SIZE CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES IMPACT ON POVERTY ECONOMIC GROWTH PEOPLE POLITICS INCOME OLS MODELS HEALTH EXPENDITURES POVERTY RATES PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION TOTAL POVERTY COUNTERFACTUAL PROGRAMS HOUSING HEALTH CARE IMPACTS HEALTH PROJECTS BENEFICIARIES MEASURES PROGRAM IMPACTS INCOME GENERATION POVERTY REDUCTION PROGRAM DESIGNS HEALTH TARGETS COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT PER CAPITA INCOME INTERVENTION SHEEP HEALTH INDICATORS IMPACT EVALUATION CHILD DEVELOPMENT TRANSFERS OBSERVATION POOR AREAS HOUSEHOLD INCOME LEARNING INDICATORS RESEARCH TOTAL POVERTY RATE SERVICE DELIVERY RURAL ROADS POVERTY MAP FARM PRODUCTS NUTRITIONAL STATUS CONSUMPTION HUMAN CAPITAL RURAL COMMUNITIES WORKERS PROJECT IMPACTS CHRONIC MALNUTRITION AGED SOCIAL SERVICES POVERTY REDUCTION PROGRAM CONTROL GROUPS PARTICIPATION INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES CAPACITY-BUILDING HEALTH OUTCOMES PARENTING PARTICIPATION OF BENEFICIARIES RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE POVERTY MAPPING INCOME DISTRIBUTION EMPLOYMENT STATUS AGRICULTURAL LAND DECISION MAKING MALNUTRITION RURAL MEASUREMENT QUANTITATIVE METHODS SAMPLE SIZE NUTRITION SURVEYS SOCIAL CAPITAL WEIGHT TARGETING PREGNANT WOMEN CHILDREN REGIONS DRINKING WATER STATISTICS IRRIGATION EVALUATION POVERTY RURAL AREAS SAMPLING HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION CONSUMER PRICE INDEX LIVING CONDITIONS RESEARCH PROGRAM POVERTY RATE POOR STRATEGY CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA OUTCOMES IMPLEMENTATION HEALTH SERVICES PREGNANCY SELF-EMPLOYMENT AGRICULTURAL SELF-EMPLOYMENT POVERTY ALLEVIATION INEQUALITY HUMAN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM EFFECTS POOR HOUSEHOLDS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Morocco
2016-06-13T21:18:37Z | 2016-06-13T21:18:37Z | 2016-05

Participatory community development programs are designed to match government investments with local needs. In Morocco, where issues of inequality and poverty are high on the national agenda, a community development program, the National Initiative for Human Development, targeted high-poverty areas for additional investments. This paper examines whether, in addition to reducing poverty, such programs can also promote human development, specifically early childhood development. Early childhood development forms a critical foundation for later human development and plays a key role in the intergenerational transmission of socioeconomic status. Using panel data on communities just above and below the cutoff for National Initiative for Human Development inclusion in rural areas, regression discontinuity and fixed effect models are applied to identify the impact of the program on economic outcomes and early childhood development. Although the analysis finds some transitory impacts of the program on economic outcomes, it finds no impacts on early childhood development. Reducing inequality and promoting human development through early childhood development is likely to require specific, targeted, and sustained initiatives.

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