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Working Paper

The Use of Detailed Statistical Data in Customs Reform : The Case of Madagascar

TARIFFS DEFICIT CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATION EQUIPMENT ACCOUNTING FREE TRADE AGREEMENT TARIFF PROTECTION PRODUCTION BARRIERS TO TRADE STOCK VALUATION DEBTORS DUTIES EXCHANGE IMPORT TAXES DATA MINING INFORMATION DEVELOPING COUNTRIES EXPORTS MONITORING ENTRY POINT REVENUES EXPORT PRICES AREAS OF CUSTOMS DISTRIBUTION CUSTOMS CONTROLS FRAUDS PRICE TAX CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATIONS VERIFICATION TARIFF CLASSIFICATION CREDITORS FREE TRADE INTERNATIONAL BANK CUSTOMS REVENUES CUSTOMS FRAUD IMPORT STATISTICS INFORMATION ACQUISITION OPEN ACCESS CUSTOMS CLEARANCE BUDGET CENTRAL BANK CONVERSION CUSTOMS DUTIES DATA IMPORT DATA OIL PRICES IMPORT PRICES CURRENCY IDENTIFICATION NUMBERS IMPORT OPERATIONS CUSTOMS TRADING TAX EXEMPTIONS TELEPHONY MONETARY FUND INTERNATIONAL COMPARISON MARKETS WEB MATERIAL IMPORTS CUSTOMS VALUATION VARIABLE RATE TRADE AGREEMENT GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT DATABASES COMMODITY PRICE FINANCE CUSTOMS OFFICE BROKER BANK POLICY MARKET PRICE TAXES BROKERS IMPORT TARIFFS INFORMATION ASYMMETRY EXPORT VALUE TRANSACTIONS MANUFACTURING CUSTOMS MODERNIZATION INTERNATIONAL TRADE STATISTICS CUSTOMS BROKERS GOOD TRAVEL FRAUD IMPORT OPERATION INSPECTION INTERNATIONAL TRADE RESULTS MARKET PRICES CUSTOMS AUTHORITIES IMPORT VALUES TRADE DEFICIT NETWORKS PERISHABLE GOOD IMPORT PRICE CUSTOMS REFORM CUSTOMS AUTHORITY TAX RATES TRADE FACILITATION MARKET LOCAL CURRENCY CUSTOMS AGENT IMPORT TAX TAX REVENUE ADMINISTRATION INSURANCE RESULT TRADE DATA TRADE TELEPHONES EXPORT PRICE GOODS MARKET SHARE SECURITY INTERNATIONAL MARKET BILATERAL TRADE CUSTOMS OFFICERS CUSTOMS OFFICES HUMAN RESOURCES SHARE BALANCE OF TRADE POVERTY PERFORMANCE TARIFF INSPECTIONS REVENUE RISK MANAGEMENT WORLD TRADE CHECK RULES OF ORIGIN EXCHANGE RATE LIABILITIES COMMON LAW COMMODITY IMPORT VALUE CUSTOMS DECLARATIONS TARGET PRICES USES DIGITAL CAMERAS LOSS OF REVENUE
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Madagascar
2016-04-26T21:18:12Z | 2016-04-26T21:18:12Z | 2016-04

To carry out their various missions (collecting revenue, facilitating trade, and ensuring security), many customs administrations have established a risk management unit. In developing countries, however, because of the lack of dedicated human and material resources, intelligence and risk analysis remain insufficiently developed. In view of the lack of resources, this paper proposes a simple methodology aiming at detecting risky import operations. The mirror analysis first helps to identify and target products or sectors with the greatest risk. Based on the examination of customs declarations patterns (data mining), it is possible to identify and target higher risk economic operators (importers and customs brokers). When implemented in Madagascar, this method has helped to reveal probable fraud cases in the present context of customs reform. Estimates suggest that, in 2014, customs fraud reduced non-oil customs revenues (duties and import value-added tax) by at least 30 percent.

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