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Decentralization and Subnational Service Delivery in Iraq : Status and Way Forward

POLICY GOALS REVENUE SHARING REVENUE SHORTFALLS BUDGET CYCLE GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES GOVERNOR CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES POLICY REFORMS REVENUE MOBILIZATION CITY POLICY FRAMEWORK ADMINISTRATIVE DECENTRALIZATION MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE REVENUE ALLOCATION PROVINCIAL BUDGET FISCAL TRANSFERS LOCAL GOVERNMENTS CURRENT EXPENDITURES FINANCIAL RESOURCES LOCAL REVENUE RESOURCE ALLOCATION TAX COLLECTION TAX BASES CENTRAL BUDGET REVENUES POLITICAL DECENTRALIZATION REVENUE ALLOCATIONS PROVINCES TAX AUTHORITY PROVINCIAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT PUBLIC ASSETS PROVINCIAL UNITS TAX CITIES TAX PAYMENT FEDERAL REVENUES BUDGET FORMULATION CENTRAL GOVERNMENT REVENUES EFFICIENT USE CITY CENTERS REVENUE SOURCES PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT MUNICIPALITIES FISCAL CONSTRAINTS REVENUE ASSIGNMENT MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK CENTRAL AUTHORITIES SUBNATIONAL BUDGET ALLOCATIONS MINISTRY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT MINISTRY OF HEALTH REVENUE CAPACITY DISTRICT LEVELS REVENUE BASE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT BUDGET MINISTRY OF INTERIOR FEDERAL BUDGET ALLOCATIONS REVENUE SOURCE DISTRICT PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT BUDGET EXECUTION TRANSFERS PROVINCIAL FINANCE MINISTRIES PROVINCIAL PAYROLL CENTRALIZATION EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS POLICY PRIORITY SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENT PROVINCIAL LEVEL PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW DISTRICT LEVEL MEDIUM-TERM ACTIONS PROVINCIAL BANK REVENUE AUTHORITY ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES CENTRAL MINISTRIES EXPENDITURE ADJUSTMENTS PUBLIC INVESTMENT FEDERAL POWERS INFRASTRUCTURE TAXES PROVINCIAL BUDGETS EXPENDITURE PROVINCIAL COUNCILS EQUITY SUBNATIONAL EXPENDITURE FEDERAL INVESTMENT FEDERAL LEGISLATION CENTRAL CONTROL CENTRAL GOVERNMENT MINISTRIES PUBLIC EXPENDITURE BUDGET PROCESS PROVINCE POLICY MAKERS PROVINCIAL DEVELOPMENT DISTRICT COUNCILS FEDERAL BUDGET MEDIUM-TERM BUDGETING MINISTRY OF EDUCATION PUBLIC BUDGET CENTRAL GOVERNMENT MINISTRY OF LABOR CENTRAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS PROVINCIAL COUNCIL FEDERAL MINISTRY REVENUE CONTRIBUTIONS PROVINCIAL ADMINISTRATIONS EXPENDITURES TAX RATES INTERGOVERNMENTAL FISCAL TRANSFERS FEDERAL MINISTRIES PUBLIC DEBT REVENUE COLLECTIONS SECTOR MINISTRIES REVENUE COLLECTION PROVINCIAL PAYROLLS REVENUE ASSIGNMENTS POLITICAL ACCOUNTABILITY MUNICIPALITY FEDERAL LAW PUBLIC FINANCIAL RESOURCES CENTRAL MANAGEMENT PUBLIC EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT FISCAL PROJECTIONS FISCAL STABILITY MINISTRY OF FINANCE FISCAL MANAGEMENT POVERTY CONSTITUTIONAL MANDATE SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENTS CENTRAL GOVERNMENT MINISTRY PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS DECENTRALIZATION FEDERALISM REVENUE ESTIMATES PROVINCIAL GOVERNOR LOCAL EXPENDITURE REVENUE POLICY OBJECTIVES INEFFICIENCIES CENTRAL TREASURY CAPITAL EXPENDITURES GOVERNORS PROVINCIAL TREASURY COMMUNITY SUBNATIONAL AUTHORITY GOVERNMENT MINISTRIES PUBLIC SPENDING FEDERAL INVESTMENT BUDGET FEDERAL FUNDS SUBNATIONAL FINANCE FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION FEDERAL LAWS DISTRICTS POLICY CHANGES CENTRAL MINISTRY INTERGOVERNMENTAL FISCAL RELATIONS FISCAL TRANSFER SUBNATIONAL ENTITIES REVENUE FLUCTUATIONS PROVINCIAL INVESTMENT
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | Iraq
2016-08-02T16:19:59Z | 2016-08-02T16:19:59Z | 2016-03

Since the Constitution (2005) provided for decentralizing powers and functions for the Governorates, the government of Iraq has enacted several legal, policy, and institutional reform initiatives, the intent of which is to shift political and administrative powers and responsibilities from the Central Government to the Governorates. The legal and policy framework for decentralization is yet to be followed through with efficient implementation. The Government of Iraq and the World Bank will like to assess the current status of decentralization and its implications for improving service delivery at the Governorate level. The objective of the assessment is to take stock of the current state of decentralization in Iraq with a view to identifying factors that contribute to weak service delivery performance at the governorate level. The assessment will also make recommendations for policy and process reforms that are deemed necessary to moving forward the decentralization process, thereby helping to improve service delivery performance by the Governorates. The assessment was carried out through a combination of desk reviews and field level consultations. This assessment provides a snapshot of the current status of the decentralization process. It identifies policy and process reform measures that are necessary to strengthen service delivery by the 15 Governorates of Iraq. Strengthening local accountability should be the key to strengthening the service delivery performance of the Governorates.

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