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Working Paper

South-South Migration and the Labor Market : Evidence from South Africa

AGE GROUP BRAIN DRAIN CENSUSES CIVIL CONFLICT COLLEGE EDUCATION COLLEGE GRADUATE COLLEGE GRADUATES COUNTRY OF ORIGIN DEMAND CURVE DEMOCRACY DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DISTRIBUTION DOMESTIC WORKERS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMICS EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EMPLOYEES EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT EFFECT EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES EMPLOYMENT RATE EMPLOYMENT STATUS FOREIGN POLICY FOREIGN WORKERS HIGH SCHOOL EDUCATION HIV HOST COUNTRY HUMAN RESOURCES HUMAN RIGHTS IMMIGRANT IMMIGRANTS IMMIGRATION IMMIGRATION ACT IMMIGRATION LAWS IMMIGRATION POLICY INCOME INFORMATION INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION JOB JOB OPPORTUNITIES KNOWLEDGE LABOR LABOR DEMAND LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE POPULATION LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKET EXPERIENCE LABOR MARKET IMPACT LABOR MARKET OUTCOME LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES LABOR MARKET RIGIDITIES LABOR MIGRATION LABOR RELATIONS LABOR SUPPLY LABOR UNIONS LABORERS LABOUR LEGAL IMMIGRANTS LEVEL OF EDUCATION LOCAL LABOR MARKET LOCAL LABOR MARKETS MALE LABOR FORCE MALE WORKERS MARKET STUDIES MIGRANT MIGRANT WORKERS MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE NATIVE WORKERS NUMBER OF MIGRANTS OCCUPATIONS POLICIES POLICY POLICY BRIEF POLICY FRAMEWORK PRICE PRIMARY EDUCATION PRODUCTION PUBLIC POLICY RACISM REFUGEES REMITTANCES REPATRIATION SECONDARY EDUCATION SELF EMPLOYED SELF EMPLOYED INDIVIDUALS SKILL GROUP SKILL GROUPS SKILL LEVEL SKILL SHORTAGES SKILLED LABOR SKILLED WORKERS STANDARDS STOCK SUBSTITUTES TOLERANCE TOTAL EMPLOYMENT TOTAL LABOR FORCE TRANSPORTATION UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATES VALUE WAGES WARS WOMEN WORKER WORKERS WORKFORCE
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | South Africa
2017-06-27T19:45:51Z | 2017-06-27T19:45:51Z | 2011-06-03

Using census data for 1996, 2001 and 2007 the authors study the labor market effect of immigration in South Africa. In this period the share of foreign born over the total population has grown by almost fifty percent, and both the characteristics and geographical distribution of immigrants show substantial variation over time. The author exploit these features of the data to carry out an analysis that combines both the 'spatial correlation' approach pioneered by card (1990) and the variation across schooling and experience groups used by Borjas (2003). The author estimate that increased immigration has a negative effect on natives employment outcomes, but not on total income. Furthermore, we find that skilled South Africans appear to be the most negatively affected subgroup of the population.

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