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Working Paper

Assessing Benefit Portability for International Migrant Workers : A Review of the Belgium-Morocco Bilateral Social Security Agreement

ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE LABOR MIGRANTS RISKS UNEMPLOYMENT RATES ECONOMIC GROWTH LOCAL AUTHORITIES WORKING-AGE POPULATION NATIONAL LAW REPRESENTATIVES FROM MINISTRIES MIGRATION POLICY SPOUSE OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN QUALITY OF HEALTH CARE FAMILY STRUCTURE EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES HEALTH CARE REFORM POPULATION FACTS LABOR FORCE DEVELOPING COUNTRIES HEALTH INSURANCE DISCRIMINATION IMMIGRANTS HEALTH CARE DEATH RETURNEES LEGAL STATUS RETURN MIGRATION FAMILY MEMBERS HEALTH INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES NUMBER OF PEOPLE VULNERABILITY POPULATION SIZE OLD-AGE SPOUSES SAFETY NETS HOSPITALIZATION KNOWLEDGE INTERNATIONAL COVENANT INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION LABOR MARKET PUBLIC INFORMATION DISEASES TRAINING NATIONAL LEGISLATION PATIENTS EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT INTERVENTION LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES HOST COUNTRIES FAMILY REUNIFICATION AGING MIGRATION HEALTH CARE SERVICES OBSERVATION MODERNIZATION MARRIAGE SOCIAL SECURITY OLD- AGE SERVICE DELIVERY MIGRANTS NUMBER OF PERSONS HEALTH CARE SYSTEM OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE MIGRATION FLOWS UNEMPLOYMENT CHILDBIRTH MULTILATERAL AGREEMENTS MIGRANT FOOD SECURITY WORKERS SURGERY POLICIES LACK OF HEALTH CARE POLYGAMY KNOWLEDGE BASE PENSIONS DIVORCE POLICY MAKERS POLICY DOCUMENT SOCIAL POLICY PURCHASING POWER SAFETY NET INTERNATIONAL MIGRANT URBAN AREAS GLOBAL POPULATION SOVEREIGNTY MIGRANT WORKERS MEASUREMENT REFUGEES DISSOLUTION OF MARRIAGE POPULATIONS MIGRANT-SENDING COUNTRIES INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS BULLETIN NATIONALS EXCHANGE OF INFORMATION POLICY CITIZENS SOCIAL POLICIES INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS MIGRATION POLICIES LEGAL MIGRANTS NUMBER OF WORKERS SOCIAL AFFAIRS SOCIAL SECTORS SEX HUMAN RIGHTS ECONOMICS OF IMMIGRATION ECONOMIC INTEGRATION CHILDREN CITIZENSHIP WAR WORLD POPULATION HOST COUNTRY NUMBER OF CHILDREN ILLNESS TREATY IMMIGRATION DISABILITY POPULATION LABOR SUPPLY INTERNATIONAL LAW STRATEGY HOME COUNTRIES MIGRATION FLOW REGISTRATION FAMILIES WOMEN REMITTANCES QUALITATIVE INFORMATION UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS RECIPIENT COUNTRY IMPLEMENTATION CULTURAL RIGHTS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa
2016-07-20T21:40:18Z | 2016-07-20T21:40:18Z | 2016-05

The portability of social benefits is gaining importance given the increasing share of individuals working at least part of their life outside their home country. Bilateral social security agreements (BSSAs) are considered a crucial approach to establishing portability, but the functionality and effectiveness of these agreements have not yet been investigated; thus, important guidance for policy makers in migrant-sending and migrant-receiving countries is missing. To shed light on how BSSAs work in practice, this document is part of a series providing information and lessons from studies of portability in four diverse but comparable migration corridors: Austria-Turkey, Germany-Turkey, Belgium-Morocco, and France-Morocco. A summary policy paper draws broader conclusions and offers overarching policy recommendations. This report looks specifically into the working of the Belgium-Morocco corridor. Findings suggest that the BSSA is broadly working well, with no main substantive issues in the area of pension portability, except for the non-portability of the noncontributory top-up pension and issues with widows’ pensions in case of divorce and repudiation, and in health care, the pending introduction of portable health care for retirees with single pensions from the other country. Process issues around information provision in Morocco and automation of information exchange are recognized.

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