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Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note

Managing the Miombo Woodlands of Southern Africa : Policies, Incentives and Options for the Rural Poor, Volume 2. Technical Annexes

ACCESS TO MARKETS AGRICULTURAL EXPANSION AGRICULTURAL INPUTS AGRICULTURE AGROFORESTRY ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF INCOME ANIMAL ANIMAL PRODUCTS ANIMALS BEES BIODIVERSITY BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY BIOMASS BIRDS BOTANY BREEDING BURNING BUSH FIRES CASH INCOME CATERPILLAR CATERPILLARS CENTER FOR INTERNATIONAL FORESTRY RESEARCH CHARCOAL PRODUCTION COMMERCIAL HUNTING COMMUNITY MANAGEMENT CONCESSION CONFLICT CONFLICT RESOLUTION CONSERVATION CONSERVATION IMPLICATIONS CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS CROP PRODUCTION DEFORESTATION DEGRADATION DEMAND FOR TIMBER DENSE POPULATIONS DETERMINANTS DROUGHTS DRY FOREST DRY FORESTS DRY SEASON ECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS ECOLOGY ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC SHOCKS EMPIRICAL STUDIES ENCROACHMENT ENTOMOLOGY ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ACCOUNTING ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEM ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES EXPLOITATION EXTREME POVERTY FARM ACTIVITIES FARM EMPLOYMENT FARM INCOME FARM-GATE FARMERS FARMING SYSTEMS FERNS FINANCIAL RESOURCES FIREWOOD FISH FISHER FISHING FLOWERING PLANTS FODDER FOOD-FOR-WORK FOREST FOREST ACTIVITIES FOREST AREA FOREST AREAS FOREST CONSERVATION FOREST DEPARTMENT FOREST FIRES FOREST FOODS FOREST INSTITUTE FOREST LAND FOREST LANDSCAPES FOREST MANAGEMENT FOREST OPERATIONS FOREST PLANTATIONS FOREST PRODUCT FOREST PRODUCTION FOREST PRODUCTS FOREST RESERVE FOREST RESERVES FOREST RESOURCE FOREST RESOURCE MANAGEMENT FOREST RESOURCES FOREST REVENUE FOREST USE FOREST USERS FORESTRY FORESTRY CONTRIBUTIONS FORESTRY DEPARTMENT FORESTRY RESEARCH FORESTRY RESOURCES FORESTRY SECTOR FORESTS HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION HOUSEHOLD HEAD HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD MANAGEMENT HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLD WELFARE HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN SETTLEMENT ILLEGAL LOGGING ILLEGAL TRADE INDIGENOUS FORESTS INSECT INSECTS INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY INSURANCE ISSUES LAND ALLOCATION LAND TENURE LAND USE LAND USE SYSTEM LAND-USE LIVELIHOOD OPPORTUNITIES LIVESTOCK LOGGING LOGS MAMMALS MARKET PRICES MEDICINAL PLANT MEDICINAL PLANTS MOTH NATIONAL INCOME NATIONAL PARK NATURAL RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCE BASE NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT NATURAL RESOURCES NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT ORCHID ORCHIDS PLANT SPECIES PLANTATION FORESTS PLANTING POLICY ENVIRONMENT POLICY MAKERS POOR HEALTH POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR INFRASTRUCTURE POPULATION DENSITIES POVERTY ALLEVIATION POVERTY ALLEVIATION EFFORTS POVERTY MITIGATION POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPER POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPERS POVERTY STATUS PRODUCERS RAIN FOREST REGENERATION REGIONAL FOREST REMOTE COMMUNITIES RESERVES RESOURCE USE ROADS RURAL RURAL AREAS RURAL DIETS RURAL DISTRICTS RURAL DWELLERS RURAL ECONOMY RURAL ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT RURAL HOUSEHOLD RURAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME RURAL HOUSEHOLDS RURAL INEQUALITY RURAL LIVELIHOOD SYSTEMS RURAL LIVELIHOODS RURAL MARKETS RURAL PEOPLE RURAL POOR RURAL POPULATIONS RURAL POVERTY RURAL VILLAGES RURAL WOMEN SAFETY NET SAFETY NETS SAVINGS SEASONAL NATURE SHIFTING CULTIVATION SILVICULTURE SOUTHERN HIGHLANDS SPECIES STATE FORESTS STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT SUBSISTENCE CONSUMPTION SUBSISTENCE USE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT TARGETING TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TERMITES TIMBER TIMBER HARVEST TIMBER INDUSTRY TIMBER PRODUCTION TIMBER SALES TIMBER SPECIES TOURISM TRADITIONAL CEREMONIES TRADITIONAL MEDICINE TREE TREES TROPICAL FORESTS UNDISTURBED FORESTS URBAN CENTERS USE OF FORESTS USE VALUE VEGETATION VILLAGES WETLANDS WOOD HARVEST WOOD PRODUCTS WOOD-BASED PRODUCTS WOODLAND WOODLAND RESOURCES WOODLANDS
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Washington, DC
Africa | Southern Africa
2014-08-20T19:54:32Z | 2014-08-20T19:54:32Z | 2008-05

Miombo woodlands stretch across Southern Africa in a belt from Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in the west to Mozambique in the east. The miombo region covers an area of around 2.4 million km. In some areas, miombo has been highly degraded as a result of human use (southern Malawi and parts of Zimbabwe), while in others, it remains relatively intact (such as in parts of northern Mozambique, and in isolated areas of Angola and the DRC). From a conventional forester's perspective, miombo is fundamentally uninteresting. It supports relatively few good commercial timber species. The management of commercial species has been problematic. The best areas were logged over long ago. Except in a few areas, remaining commercially viable stocks are relatively small and difficult to access. Public forestry institutions have, for the most part, failed to put in place effective management systems for forests, preferring instead to limit their role to regulation and revenue collection, rather than to management per se. The objectives of this paper are threefold, and the paper is structured around these objectives. First, in section two, the paper describes some of opportunities for improving the use and management of miombo woodlands. Second, in section three, outline some of the barriers which are preventing households, communities, and countries from adopting better and more sustainable woodland management practices. In section four, by exploring some of the policy opportunities for removing these barriers, with the objective of strengthening miombo's contribution to reducing risk and vulnerability of poor rural households through sustainable forest management.

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