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What is Missing Between Agricultural Growth and Infrastructure Development? Cases of Coffee and Dairy in Africa

ACCESSIBILITY AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AGRICULTURAL LABOR AGRICULTURAL MARKETING AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AGRICULTURE ARBITRAGE BANANAS BARLEY BEEF BEER CA CANNING CAPITAL INVESTMENT CASHEW NUTS CASSAVA CEREALS CHEESE CHOCOLATE CIGARETTES CLOVES COCOA COCOA BEANS COCOA BUTTER COCOA INDUSTRIES COFFEE COFFEE EXPORTS COFFEE PRODUCTION COFFEE SUBSTITUTES COMMODITY COMPETITIVENESS CONSUMER PREFERENCES CONSUMERS COOPERATIVES COTTON COTTONSEED CREAM CROPLAND CROPS DAIRY DAIRY DEVELOPMENT DAIRY INDUSTRY DAIRY PRODUCTION DAIRY PRODUCTS DAIRY SECTOR DEMAND ELASTICITY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES DIVIDENDS DRIVERS ECONOMETRICS ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE ECONOMICS LITERATURE ECONOMIES OF SCALE EFFICIENT TRANSPORT ELASTICITY ENDOGENOUS VARIABLES EXPORTS FARM FARMERS FARMING FARMS FLOUR FOOD POLICY FOOD POLICY RESEARCH FOOD STAPLES FRUIT FRUITS GDP GRAINS GROUNDNUTS GROWTH IN AGRICULTURE GROWTH RATE HUMAN CAPITAL INCOME DISTRIBUTION INCOME GENERATION INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS INFRASTRUCTURES INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE INTERNATIONAL TRADE LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKETS LINSEED LIVESTOCK LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS MAIZE MANGOES MARGINAL COST MEAT MILLET NATIONAL INCOME NATURAL RUBBER OIL PALM ONIONS ORANGES PADDY PALM OIL PAPAYAS PERISHABILITY PINEAPPLES PLANTAINS POTATOES PRICE ELASTICITIES PRICE ELASTICITY PRODUCE PRODUCTION COSTS PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY PRODUCTION FUNCTION PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES PUBLIC ROAD PUBLIC SERVICES QUALITY OF TRANSPORT R&D RA RAILWAYS RICE ROAD ROAD IMPROVEMENT ROAD NETWORK ROADS ROOT CROPS RURAL DEVELOPMENT RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE RURAL ROADS SEED SEED COTTON SESAME SIDE EFFECTS SILK SMALL FARMER SORGHUM SPRING SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA SUGAR SUGAR CANE SWEET POTATOES TARO TEA TELECOMMUNICATIONS TEXTILES TOBACCO TOMATOES TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH TRADE BARRIERS TRADITIONAL ECONOMIES TRANSPORT TRANSPORT COSTS TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURES TRANSPORT NETWORK TRANSPORTATION TRUE UNDERESTIMATES UTILITY FUNCTION VALUATION VALUE ADDED VANILLA VEAL VEHICLE WATER SUPPLY WHEAT WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION WTO YAM YAMS YIELDS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa
2012-06-11T15:30:37Z | 2012-06-11T15:30:37Z | 2007-11

Although it is commonly believed that aggregate economic growth must be associated with public infrastructure stocks, the possible infrastructure needs and effects are different from industry to industry. The agriculture sector is typical. Various infrastructures would affect agriculture growth differently depending on the type of commodity. This paper finds that a general transport network is essential to promote coffee and cocoa production, perhaps along with irrigation facilities, depending on local rainfall. Conversely, along with the transport network, the dairy industry necessitates rural water supply services as well. In some African countries, a 1 percent improvement in these key aspects of infrastructure could raise GDP by about 0.1-0.4 percent, and by possibly by several percent in some cases.

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