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Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper

Infrastructure and Trade Preferences for the Livestock Sector : Empirical Evidence from the Beef Industry in Africa

ABATTOIRS ADVERSE EFFECT AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS AGRICULTURE APPAREL ARABLE LAND ARBITRAGE AVERAGE PRICE BALANCE OF PAYMENTS BEEF BEEF INDUSTRY BEEF PRODUCTION BILATERAL TRADE BOVINE ANIMALS BRAND BRANDS BSE BUFFALO MEAT CATTLE CATTLE FARMERS CATTLE INDUSTRY CENTRAL AMERICA COMMODITY PRICES COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS COMPETITIVENESS CONSUMER CHOICE CONSUMER PREFERENCES CONSUMER PRICE CONSUMER PRICE INDEX CONSUMERS COST OF TRANSPORT COUNTRY OF ORIGIN CURRENCY DEMAND ELASTICITY DEMAND FUNCTIONS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DOMESTIC PRODUCTION ECONOMIC BOOM ECONOMIES OF SCALE ELASTICITIES ELASTICITY ENDOGENOUS VARIABLES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EXCHANGE RATES EXOGENOUS SHOCKS EXPORT COSTS EXPORT MARKETS EXPORT PERFORMANCE EXPORT PRICE EXPORT PRICES EXPORTERS EXPORTS EXTERNAL MARKETS FARMS FEEDS FIXED COSTS FOOD SAFETY FOOD SAFETY MEASURES FOOD SAFETY STANDARDS FREE ACCESS FREE TRADE FREE TRADE AGREEMENTS FREIGHT FREIGHT COSTS FREIGHT TRANSPORT FROZEN MEAT GDP GDP PER CAPITA GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES GLOBAL MARKETS GLOBAL TRADE GLOBAL TRADE ANALYSIS GOAT MEAT GRAVITY MODEL GROSS VALUE IMPACT OF TRADE IMPORT CONSUMPTION IMPORT PRICES IMPORT VALUE INCOME INDUSTRIAL ECONOMIES INEFFICIENCY INFANT INDUSTRY ARGUMENT INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURES INTERNATIONAL MARKET INTERNATIONAL TRADE LAMB LIVESTOCK LIVESTOCK FARMING LIVESTOCK GRAZING LIVESTOCK INDUSTRY LIVESTOCK MARKET LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION COSTS LIVESTOCK PRODUCTIVITY LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS LIVESTOCK SECTOR LIVESTOCK SHARE LOW TARIFFS MARGINAL COST MARGINAL COST OF PRODUCTION MARGINAL PRODUCTION MARKET ACCESS MARKET INFORMATION MARKET INTEGRATION MARKET PRICE MARKET PRICES MARKET SHARE MARKET SHARES MARKET SIZE MARKETING MEAT PRODUCTION MERCHANDISE MERCHANDISE EXPORTS MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES MILL MULTILATERAL TRADE MULTIPLIER EFFECTS MUTTON NATIONAL INCOME OFFAL PIG POSITIVE EXTERNALITIES POVERTY REDUCTION PREFERENTIAL ACCESS PREFERENTIAL SCHEME PREFERENTIAL TRADE PREFERENTIAL TRADE ARRANGEMENTS PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT PRICE ELASTICITY PRODUCT DIFFERENTIATION PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH RAILWAYS REGIONAL TRADE REGIONAL TRADE AGREEMENTS RETAIL RETAIL PRICES ROAD ROAD NETWORK ROAD QUALITY ROADS RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE RURAL ROADS SALES SCALE EFFECT SHADOW PRICE SLAUGHTERHOUSES STOCKS SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA SUBSTITUTION SUBSTITUTION EFFECT SUPPLY EQUATIONS SUPPLY FUNCTION SUPPLY FUNCTIONS TELECOMMUNICATIONS TOTAL MEAT PRODUCTION TRADE AGREEMENT TRADE AGREEMENTS TRADE COSTS TRADE DATA TRADE INTEGRATION TRADE LIBERALIZATION TRADE PATTERNS TRADE PREFERENCES TRADE VOLUMES TRANSPORT TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORTATION UTILITY FUNCTION VALUATION VALUE ADDED VEAL WAREHOUSES WHOLESALERS WORLD TRADE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION WTO
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa
2012-06-04T18:10:37Z | 2012-06-04T18:10:37Z | 2007-04

Trade preferences are expected to facilitate global market integration and offer the potential for rapid economic growth and poverty reduction for developing countries. But those preferences do not always guarantee sustainable external competitiveness to beneficiary countries and may risk discouraging their efforts to improve underlying productivity. This paper examines the EU beef import market where several African countries have been granted preferential treatment. The estimation results suggest that profitability improvement achieved by countries under the Cotonou protocol compares unfavorably with the returns to nonbeneficiary countries in recent years. Rather, it shows that public infrastructure, such as paved roads, has an important role in lowering production costs and thus increasing external competitiveness and market shares.

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