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Mapping Global and Regional Value Chains in SACU : Sector-Level Overviews

DOMESTIC FLIGHTS RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE INFRASTRUCTURE CAPACITY AUTOMOBILE CARBON CONTENT INTERNATIONAL TRAVEL TRANSPORT AGREEMENTS AIR SERVICES AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY AIRPORT PASSENGERS TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE VEHICLES INTERNATIONAL TRAVELLERS MINI-BUS RAIL LINES CAR RENTAL RAIL NETWORKS TREND LOW VEHICLE OWNERSHIP VEHICLE OWNERSHIP EXHIBITIONS CARRIERS TRAFFIC PEAK DEMAND TAX AIRPORTS ROUTES AIR UNDERGROUND TRANSPORT SERVICES TRAVELERS TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT ACCESS DRIVERS TRAVEL ACTIVITY VEHICLE CAR RENTALS REGIONAL TRANSPORT ROAD COSTS AIR TRAVEL TRAINING ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS TRAVEL VOLUMES TRANSPORTS TRANSPORT IMPACT OF TRANSPORT FIXED COSTS MODE OF TRANSPORT SURPLUS TRIPS MARKETS HIGH ENERGY TRUE ROUTE FUELS FINANCIAL INCENTIVE SUBSIDIES INFRASTRUCTURE LONG-HAUL TRAVEL TAXES INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT BUS INITIATIVES TRANSPORT FACILITATION DRIVING CONGESTION ROAD HAULAGE NATIONAL PARKS RAIL SERVICES TRAVEL TRANSPORTATION INSPECTION TYPE OF TRAVEL TRANSIT POLICIES TRANSPARENCY TRUCKS TRANSPORT CAPACITY INTERNATIONAL FLIGHTS CARS VALUE TRAINS ACCESSIBILITY POPULATION DENSITY INTERMEDIATE GOODS MOTOR VEHICLES PETROLEUM GAS RAILWAY PORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRIP PLANNING AUTOMOTIVE SECTOR CROSS-BORDER TRAVEL ROADS CAR PORT FACILITIES FLEETS ROAD LINKS TRIP LENGTH RAILROAD AIR TRANSPORT ECONOMIES OF SCALE RAIL CAPACITY RAIL COMPANIES DOMESTIC AIRLINES AIRLINE TICKET AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES FINANCIAL RISKS HIGH TRANSPORT RAIL FUEL PEAK DEMAND PERIODS TRIP RAIL TRAVEL TRAILS MODE OF TRAVEL FREE ZONES INVESTMENTS METHANE COSTS OF TRANSPORT AIRWAYS BORDER TRAVEL PORT ACCESS TRANSPORT COSTS CAPITAL INVESTMENT REGIONAL TRAVEL ROAD TRANSPORT PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION FREIGHT
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Southern Africa
2016-03-01T20:28:31Z | 2016-03-01T20:28:31Z | 2016-01

In considering the prospects for expanding non-commodities exports, the SACU region faces a global environment that has changed markedly over the past two decades. First, trade is increasingly shifting away from high income countries and toward developing countries. Second and perhaps most importantly, is the increasing importance of or ‘global production networks’ or ‘global value chains’ (GVCs). With wages rising rapidly in China and other places where GVC-oriented trade is concentrated, parts of these value chains are migrating to new global locations. Some estimates indicate that over the next generation 85 million manufacturing jobs will migrate from coastal China, and Sub-Saharan Africa is expected to be a major beneficiary. The SACU region, with its abundance of natural capital and surplus labor, along with a relatively high quality infrastructure and institutional environment, should be in a good position to attract investment and create a ‘factory Southern Africa’. Beyond assembly manufacturing that is typical of GVCs (e.g. apparel, electronics, automotive), the region should also be well-placed to compete as a location for value-addition to agricultural and mineral commodities (‘beneficiation’). Both types of investment would not only drive exports and have the potential to create significant employment, but also support upgrading by accessing global technologies and knowledge. And with growing markets across Africa, a ‘factory Southern Africa’ might increasingly be sustainable in the regional context.

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