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The World Bank's GEF Program in the Middle East and North Africa Region : Global Environmental Benefits Contributing to National Development Goals

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ACCESS TO ENERGY ACCESS TO ENERGY SERVICES ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITY AGRICULTURE ANIMAL FEEDING APPROACH ARABLE LAND ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES AVAILABILITY BARLEY BAY BIODIVERSITY BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION BIODIVERSITY PROTECTION BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY BIOMASS BIOSPHERE BIRDS CANCER CARBON CARBON CONTENT CARBON ECONOMY CARBON FOOTPRINT CARBON SEQUESTRATION CHEMICALS CLEAN ENERGY CLEAN TECHNOLOGY CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION CLIMATE SCENARIOS CLIMATIC CHANGES CLIMATIC CONDITIONS CO2 COAST COASTAL AREAS COASTAL HABITATS COASTAL ZONE COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT COASTAL ZONES COMMERCIAL ENERGY COMMERCIAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY COMPOSTING CONSERVATION CONSTRUCTION CROPS CURRENTS DESALINATION DESALINATION PLANTS DESERTS DISCHARGE DROUGHT DUMPS ECOLOGICAL INTEGRITY ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS ECONOMICS ECONOMIES OF SCALE ECOSYSTEM ECOSYSTEMS EFFICIENT USE ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY GENERATION ELECTRICITY SUPPLY EMISSIONS EMISSIONS REDUCTION ENDEMIC SPECIES ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY DEMAND ENERGY EFFICIENCY ENERGY EFFICIENCY INVESTMENTS ENERGY EFFICIENCY MEASURES ENERGY GENERATION ENERGY INTENSITY ENERGY PRODUCTION ENERGY SECURITY ENERGY SERVICE ENERGY SOURCES ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES ENERGY USE ENVIRONMENTAL ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS ENVIRONMENTAL CHALLENGES ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ENVIRONMENTAL INTEGRITY ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENVIRONMENTAL STRESS ENVIRONMENTS EROSION EXPLOITATION FISHERIES FISHING FOOD CHAIN FOREST FORESTRY FORESTS FOSSIL FOSSIL FUELS FRESHWATER FRESHWATER WETLANDS FRUITS GAS GAS RESERVES GAS TURBINE GEOTHERMAL POWER GHG GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS GRASSLANDS GREENHOUSE GREENHOUSE-GAS HAZARDOUS WASTE HEAT HIGHLANDS HUMAN ACTIVITIES HUMAN HEALTH HUMID ZONES IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE INCOME INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION INVASIVE SPECIES INVESTMENTS IN ENERGY LAKES LAND DEGRADATION LAND MANAGEMENT LIVING STANDARDS LOSS OF BIODIVERSITY LOW-CARBON MANGROVES MARINE ECOSYSTEMS MARINE ENVIRONMENT MARINE ENVIRONMENTS MARINE RESOURCES MITIGATION MOUNTAINS NATIONAL PARKS NATURAL CAPITAL NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS NATURAL ENVIRONMENT NATURAL GAS NATURAL HERITAGE NATURAL RESOURCES NEGATIVE IMPACTS OIL OIL PRODUCTION OIL RESERVES ORGANIC COMPOUNDS ORGANIC POLLUTANTS OVERGRAZING PCB PESTICIDES PLOTS POLLUTANTS POLLUTION POLLUTION CONTROL POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS POPULATION GROWTH POWER BLOCK POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION PROGRAM POWER PLANT POWER PLANTS POWER PROJECT PRECIPITATION PRESERVATION PRODUCTION COSTS PUBLIC HEALTH RAIN RAINFALL RAW MATERIAL REFINERIES RENEWABLE ENERGY RENEWABLE ENERGY MARKET RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES RENEWABLE RESOURCES RESOURCE MANAGEMENT RESTORATION RIVER RURAL ELECTRIFICATION SALT MARSHES SAND SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE SEA LEVEL RISE SEDIMENT SOIL CARBON SOLAR ENERGY SOLAR POWER SOLAR RADIATION SOLAR RESOURCES SOLAR THERMAL SOLAR WATER HEATING SPECIES STEAM TURBINE STEAM TURBINES SURFACE WATER SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE ENERGY SUSTAINABLE GROWTH SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT SUSTAINABLE USE TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE TEMPERATURE THERMAL ENERGY THERMAL PLANT TIN TOXIC SUBSTANCES TRANSPORT SECTOR UNDERGROUND WATER UNEMPLOYMENT WASTE MANAGEMENT WASTEWATER TREATMENT WATERSHED WATERWAYS WEATHER PATTERNS WETLAND WETLAND RESERVE WETLANDS WETLANDS MANAGEMENT WIND WIND POWER
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | North Africa | Middle East
2014-09-11T19:50:07Z | 2014-09-11T19:50:07Z | 2014-01

The report focuses on the two decades of the World Bank - Global Environment Facility (GEF) partnership with the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries. This partnership has had a global environmental impact by working both at the local and national level and engaging all relevant partners and stakeholders. In addition, many GEF financed operations stand as examples of what a more holistic approach can achieve in terms of innovation and catalyzing greater investment. These operations have also delivered important social benefits such as job creation, enhanced economic and social inclusion, and strengthened governance capabilities. Presently the region s most pressing environmental challenges stem from rapid urbanization and its resulting infrastructure needs, industrial pollution, overexploitation of scarce water resources, the unsustainable management of fragile ecosystem resources and vulnerability to climate variability and climate change. Decision makers working to address these problems also face many tightly linked and urgent social issues. These issues include meeting the aspirations of a quickly growing urban youth population; giving voice to gender and women s issues; finding ways to spur job growth; and reversing the poor provision of basic services. This publication also points to opportunities for further World Bank - GEF cooperation in support of green growth.

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