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Higher Education in Francophone Africa : What Tools Can Be Used to Support Financially-Sustainable Policies?

ACADEMIC RANKING ACADEMIC YEAR ACCESS TO HIGHER EDUCATION ACCOUNTING ACHIEVEMENT ADMINISTRATIVE AUTHORITIES ADMISSION CRITERIA APPROPRIATE TEACHING AUDITS BANKS BENEFICIARIES BUDGETING CALCULATION CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE CIVIL SERVICE COLLEGES CONTINUING EDUCATION CONTRIBUTIONS COST OF EDUCATION DEGREE COURSES DEGREES DISADVANTAGED STUDENTS DISTANCE LEARNING DIVERSIFICATION DOCTORAL STUDIES ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC REALITY EDUCATION BUDGET EDUCATION FACILITIES EDUCATION FOR ALL EDUCATION POLICIES EDUCATION PROGRAM EDUCATIONAL COSTS EDUCATIONAL MATERIAL EDUCATIONAL MATERIALS EDUCATIONAL PROJECTS EDUCATIONAL REQUIREMENTS EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES ENROLLMENT CAPACITY ENTRANCE REQUIREMENTS EXAMS EXPENDITURES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FINANCIAL COST FINANCIAL IMPACT FINANCIAL IMPACTS FINANCIAL INCENTIVES FINANCIAL RESOURCES FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY FOREIGN STUDENTS GENERAL PUBLIC GRADUATE DIPLOMA GRADUATE EMPLOYMENT GRADUATION CERTIFICATE HIGH QUALITY EDUCATION HIGHER EDUCATION HIGHER EDUCATION DIPLOMA HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTES HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS HIGHER EDUCATION PLANNING HIGHER EDUCATION RESEARCH HIGHER EDUCATION SECTOR HIGHER EDUCATION STUDENTS HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEMS HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCES INCOME INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES INFORMATION SYSTEMS INSTITUTIONAL AUTONOMY INVESTMENT IN EDUCATION INVESTMENT PROGRAM LABOR MARKET LABOR MARKET DEMAND LACK OF INFORMATION LEVEL OF EDUCATION LEVELS OF EDUCATION LONG-TERM PLANNING MASTERS LEVEL MIDDLE EASTERN NATIONAL ECONOMY NATIONAL POLICY GUIDELINES NATIONAL SCHOLARSHIPS NUMBER OF STUDENTS NUMBER OF TEACHERS PAPERS PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIVATE EDUCATION PRIVATE EDUCATION SECTOR PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT PROFESSIONAL DEGREE PROFESSIONAL TRAINING PROPERTY TAXES PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC HIGHER EDUCATION PUBLISHERS QUALITY OF EDUCATION RAPID DEVELOPMENT RATE OF RETURN REAL COSTS RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES RESEARCH PROGRAMS RESOURCE ALLOCATION RESOURCE MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILITIES RETIREMENTS RETRAINING SALARY SANITATION SAVINGS SCHOLARSHIP SCHOLARSHIPS SCHOOL FEES SCHOOL YEAR SCHOOLS SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH SECONDARY COURSES SECONDARY EDUCATION SECONDARY EDUCATION SECTOR SECONDARY SCHOOL SOCIAL BENEFITS SOCIAL SERVICES SPORTS STAKEHOLDER STAKEHOLDERS STUDENT ASSISTANCE STUDENT DEMAND STUDENT ENROLLMENT STUDENT FINANCIAL AID STUDENT FLOW STUDENT FLOWS STUDENT LOAN STUDENT LOANS STUDENT POPULATION STUDENT POPULATIONS STUDENTS PER YEAR SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA TEACHER TEACHER TRAINING TEACHER-STUDENT RATIOS TEACHERS TEACHING TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TECHNICAL EDUCATION TRAINING COSTS TUITION TUITION FEES TYPES OF EDUCATION UNIVERSAL PRIMARY COMPLETION UNIVERSITIES UNIVERSITY ADMISSIONS UNIVERSITY FACILITIES UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS UNIVERSITY STUDENTS UNIVERSITY TEACHERS VOCATIONAL COURSES VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION VOCATIONAL TRAINING VOCATIONAL TRAINING COURSES WAGE WITHDRAWAL WORK FORCE WORKING HOURS
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Washington, DC : World Bank
Africa | West Africa | Central Africa | Francophone Africa
2012-05-24T20:10:14Z | 2012-05-24T20:10:14Z | 2008

The higher education and research sector in the French-speaking countries of Africa has, for more than a decade, been in a state of severe crisis, stemming from an increasing disparity between the requirements vital to providing high quality education and the available resources. The goal of this article is to: i) highlight the factors which have lead to the development of this situation in most countries; ii) identify the conditions for creating a framework to regulate the trends in the higher education and research systems and allow them to be more financially sustainable; and iii) identify ways of increasing funding for this sector as well maintaining its level of quality. The Main tools to support financially-sustainable policies include: i) controlling student inflows into higher education in order to avoid an increase in the student population that will be difficult to manage; ii) targeting student assistance more effectively towards the most disadvantaged and deserving students; iii) limiting the duration of study at the higher education level in order to prevent the number of students from building up in the institutions; iv) guiding students more effectively towards courses that offer better employment prospects; v) trying to promote a higher education private sector through fiscal and non-fiscal incentives; vi) reducing unit education costs; and vii) mobilizing additional self-generated resources.

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