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Gender and Transport in the Middle East and North Africa Region : Case Studies from the West Bank and Yemen

ACCESS TO EMPLOYMENT AIR AIR CONDITIONING ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORT ASPHALT AVAILABILITY OF TRANSPORT AVERAGE TRAVEL TIME BETTER MOBILITY BICYCLE BICYCLES BIKES BUS BUS COMPANIES BUS COMPANY BUS INDUSTRY BUS OPERATORS BUS ROUTE BUS ROUTES BUS SERVICES BUS STOP BUS STOPS BUS TERMINAL BUSES BUSWAYS CAR CARS CARTS COMMERCIAL VEHICLES COMMUTERS CONCRETE COST PER TRIP CULTURAL BARRIERS DAILY TRAVEL DEMAND FOR TRANSPORT DEMAND FOR TRANSPORT SERVICES DESIGN OF TRANSPORT DISABILITIES DONKEY DONKEYS DRIVER DRIVERS DRIVING DRIVING SCHOOLS EARTHWORKS EFFICIENT TRANSPORT FARE INTEGRATION FARES FINANCIAL BURDEN FLEET REPLACEMENT FLEETS FRAMEWORK FREIGHT FREIGHT TRANSPORT FREQUENCY OF USE GENDER GENDER ANALYSIS GENDER AND TRANSPORT GRADE HEAVY TRAFFIC IMT INCOME INFORMAL SECTOR INFORMAL TRANSPORT INFORMAL TRANSPORT SECTOR INJURIES INSPECTION INTERURBAN TRANSPORT JOB MARKET JOURNEY LABOR MARKET LONG DISTANCES MAIN ROADS MEANS OF TRANSPORT MINIBUSES MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT MINISTRY OF TRANSPORTATION MOBILITY MOBILITY CONSTRAINTS MOBILITY OPTIONS MODE OF TRANSPORT MOTORCYCLE MOTORCYCLES MOTORIZED TRANSPORT NEIGHBORHOODS PARKING PARKING FACILITIES PASSENGER PASSENGER TRANSPORT PASSENGER VEHICLES PASSENGERS PASSENGERS AS WELL PATHS PAVEMENTS PEDESTRIAN PEDESTRIAN CROSSINGS PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES PEDESTRIAN INFRASTRUCTURE PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES PERSONAL SAFETY POLICE POPULATION DENSITY POWER RELATIONS PRIVATE CARS PRIVATE TAXIS PRIVATE TRANSPORT PRIVATE VEHICLE PRIVATE VEHICLES PUBLIC SAFETY PUBLIC TRANSPORT PUBLIC TRANSPORT PASSENGERS PUBLIC TRANSPORT SECTOR PUBLIC TRANSPORT SYSTEM PUBLIC TRANSPORT VEHICLES PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION PUBLIC VEHICLES PUBLIC WORKS RAILWAYS RAIN RIDERS ROAD ROAD ACCIDENTS ROAD CONDITIONS ROAD CONSTRUCTION ROAD DAMAGE ROAD DEATHS ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD SAFETY ROAD USERS ROAD WORKS ROADS ROUTES RURAL AREAS RURAL COMMUNITIES RURAL ROAD RURAL ROADS SAFETY SAFETY REGULATIONS SAFETY STANDARDS SANITARY FACILITIES SECURITY ISSUES SIDEWALKS SKIDDING SOCIAL INTERACTIONS SPEED STREET LIGHTING STREETS SUBURBS SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT TAXI TAXI LICENSES TAXIS TOPOGRAPHY TRACTORS TRAFFIC TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS TRAFFIC LAW TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT TRAFFIC POLICE TRAFFIC SAFETY TRAFFIC SAFETY COUNCIL TRANSPORT TRANSPORT ACTIVITIES TRANSPORT COST TRANSPORT COSTS TRANSPORT EXPENDITURE TRANSPORT EXPENDITURES TRANSPORT FACILITIES TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT MODE TRANSPORT MODES TRANSPORT NEEDS TRANSPORT NETWORKS TRANSPORT PLAN TRANSPORT PLANNERS TRANSPORT PLANNING TRANSPORT PROJECTS TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORT SERVICE TRANSPORT SERVICE QUALITY TRANSPORT SERVICES TRANSPORT SUPPLY TRANSPORT SYSTEM TRANSPORT SYSTEMS TRANSPORT TARIFFS TRANSPORT TERMINALS TRANSPORT USERS TRANSPORTATION WALKING TRAVEL NEEDS TRAVEL PATTERNS TRAVELERS TRIP TRIPS TRUCKS TRUE TRUST FUND TYPE OF VEHICLES URBAN TRANSPORT URBANIZATION VANS VEHICLE VEHICLE OWNERSHIP WAITING TIME WALKING WALKING DISTANCE WEATHER CONDITIONS
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa | West Bank and Gaza | Yemen, Republic of
2014-04-07T19:54:33Z | 2014-04-07T19:54:33Z | 2011-12

Mobility is a major factor of access to economic resources, education, health, and other key elements influencing women's empowerment. In the Middle East and North Africa's countries, like in many other developing economies, women's mobility is constrained not only by the limited, sometimes unaffordable transport supply but also by social and cultural factors that frame women's access to the outside world and exacerbate the supply problem. The objectives of this study are: 1) understanding better how transport infrastructure and services are meeting women's transport needs, and more specifically, how they are facilitating or constraining women's access to resources, markets, training, information, and employment; and 2) identifying priority areas for governments' actions to improve women's mobility and thereby enhance their access to economic opportunities and contribute to their economic empowerment. Three studies of the interaction between gender and transport have been conducted with these in mind: one in rural Yemen, one in urban Yemen, and one in the West Bank. Analyses of the findings of the studies have led to the following recommendations being put forth: i) encourage the use of intermediary means of transport; ii) create awareness about women's mobility needs; and iii) identify and mitigate constraints delaying development projects in rural Yemen.

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