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Economic & Sector Work :: Energy Study

Africa Energy Poverty : G8 Energy Ministers Meeting 2009

ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY ACCESS TO ENERGY ACCESS TO GRID ELECTRICITY ACCESS TO MODERN ENERGY ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE AFFORDABLE ENERGY AIR AIR POLLUTION AIR QUALITY APPROACH AVAILABILITY BALANCE BIOGAS BIOMASS BIOMASS COMBUSTION BORDER TRADE BORDER TRANSMISSION BOTTOM LINE CARBON ECONOMY CARBON EMISSIONS CARBON ENERGY CARBON FINANCE CARBON FOOTPRINT CARBON MARKET CARBON TECHNOLOGIES CLEAN ENERGY CLEAN FUELS CLEAN TECHNOLOGY CLEAN WATER CLEANER ENERGY CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION CLIMATE POLICY CO CO2 COAL COLLECTION SYSTEMS COMPACT FLUORESCENT LAMPS COMPACT FLUORESCENT LIGHT BULBS CONNECTED HOUSEHOLDS COSTS OF ELECTRICITY CROP PROCESSING DEFORESTATION DEMAND FOR POWER DEMAND MANAGEMENT DESERTIFICATION DIESEL DIESEL GENERATORS DISTRIBUTION NETWORK DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS DROUGHT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECOSYSTEM EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS EFFICIENT LIGHTING ELECTRICITY ELECTRICITY BILLS ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ELECTRICITY DEMAND ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION ELECTRICITY GENERATION ELECTRICITY SECTOR ELECTRICITY SUPPLY ELECTRICITY USAGE ELECTRICITY UTILITIES ELECTRICITY UTILITY ELECTRIFICATION EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS EMPLOYMENT END-USE ENERGY AUDITS ENERGY CONSUMPTION ENERGY COSTS ENERGY CROPS ENERGY DEVELOPMENT ENERGY EFFICIENCY ENERGY MARKETS ENERGY MIX ENERGY NEEDS ENERGY OUTLOOK ENERGY POLICIES ENERGY POLICY ENERGY PRICES ENERGY PRODUCTION ENERGY RESEARCH ENERGY SAVINGS ENERGY SECURITY ENERGY SERVICE ENERGY SOURCE ENERGY SOURCES ENERGY SUPPLY ENERGY SYSTEMS ENERGY USE ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY FEEDSTOCKS FOREST FOREST SERVICE FOSSIL FOSSIL FUEL FUEL FUEL EFFICIENCY FUEL SUBSTITUTION FUEL USE FUEL WOOD GASOLINE GENERATION GENERATION CAPACITY GEOTHERMAL DEVELOPMENT GEOTHERMAL ENERGY GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES GHG GLOBAL EMISSIONS GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS GLOBAL GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS GREENHOUSE GRID ELECTRICITY GRID ELECTRICITY SERVICE GRID ELECTRIFICATION GRID EXTENSION GRID RENEWABLE ENERGY GRID SYSTEMS HEALTH RISKS HEAT HOUSEHOLD ENERGY HYDRO-POWER HYDROPOWER IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE INCINERATION INCOME INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY INVESTMENTS IN ENERGY INVESTMENTS IN ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE KEROSENE KILOWATT HOUR KILOWATT-HOUR LAND DEGRADATION LAND USE LANDFILL LANDFILL SITES LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS LIQUID FUELS LIVING STANDARDS LOAD SHEDDING LOW-CARBON MODERN FUELS NATURAL DISASTERS NATURAL FORESTS NATURAL GAS NATURAL RESOURCES NEGATIVE IMPACTS OIL OIL PRICE OIL PRICES PER CAPITA ENERGY PER CAPITA ENERGY USE PETROLEUM PETROLEUM GAS PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS PIPELINE PIPELINE PROJECTS POWER POWER CRISIS POWER DEMAND POWER GENERATION POWER GENERATION CAPACITY POWER GENERATION SYSTEMS POWER PRODUCER POWER PRODUCERS POWER SECTOR POWER SHORTAGES POWER SOURCES POWER SUPPLY POWER SYSTEM POWER SYSTEMS POWER TRADE POWER UTILITIES PRECIPITATION PRIMARY ENERGY QUALITY ENERGY QUALITY FUEL RENEWABLE ENERGY RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES RENEWABLE ENERGY SUPPLY RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES RENEWABLE TECHNOLOGIES RURAL ELECTRIFICATION RURAL ENERGY SAFE DISPOSAL SMOKE SOLAR HOME SYSTEMS SOLAR PANELS SOLAR RESOURCES SOLID FUELS SPACE HEATING SUPPLY OF ELECTRICITY SUSTAINABLE ENERGY TEMPERATURE THERMAL CAPACITY TONS OF CARBON TRADITIONAL FUEL TRADITIONAL FUELS TRANSMISSION CAPACITY TRANSMISSION INFRASTRUCTURE TURBINE UNEP URBAN POPULATION UTILITIES VEHICLES WATER QUALITY WIND WORLD ENERGY WORLD ENERGY OUTLOOK
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Washington, DC
Africa
2013-03-12T20:26:01Z | 2013-03-12T20:26:01Z | 2009-05-24

Worldwide, about 1.6 billion people lack access to electricity services. There are also large populations without access in the poorer countries of Asia and Latin America, as well as in the rural and peri-urban areas of middle income countries. However large-scale electrification programs that is currently underway in middle income countries and the poor countries of Asia will increase household electricity access more rapidly than in sub-Saharan Africa. Africa has the lowest electrification rate of all the regions at 26 percent of households, meaning that as many as 547 million people are without access to electricity. On current trends less than half of African countries will reach universal access to electricity even by 2050. Without access to electricity services, the poor are deprived of opportunities to improve their living standards and the delivery of health and education services is compromised when electricity is not available in clinics, in schools and in the households of students and teachers. The total financing needs for Africa to resolve the power supply crisis are of the order of approximately US$40 billion per annum or 6.4 percent of region's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In response to the power crisis, donors have increased their support to the power sector, though more is needed. From the mid-1990s to the mid-2000s, donor assistance for the African power sector averaged no more than US$500 million per year. The private sector will be key to energy access expansion. For example, private sector expertise will be needed to develop the large complex generation and transmission projects (especially cross-border projects) that are necessary and for which a project finance approach will be often the most appropriate. The current global credit crisis poses additional challenges to mobilizing financing for energy infrastructure and especially for projects with perceived higher risk or higher costs. Nevertheless, governments can still access finance in the private markets for sound investments.

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