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Making the Most of Scarcity : Accountability for Better Water Management Results in the Middle East and North Africa

ACCESS TO WATER ACCOUNTABILITY TO USERS ADEQUATE WATER ADJUDICATION ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT AGRICULTURAL USES AGRICULTURAL WATER ALLOCATION OF WATER ALLOCATION OF WATER TO AGRICULTURE ALLOCATION SYSTEM AQUIFER AQUIFER RECHARGE AQUIFERS ARID COUNTRIES ARID REGIONS AUGMENTATION BASIC SANITATION BOREHOLES BRACKISH WATER BROAD RANGE CASH FLOW CHANNEL CHANNELS CLIMATE CHANGE CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES COST RECOVERY COVERING CUBIC METERS DAMS DECISION MAKERS DECISION MAKING DEMAND FOR WATER DEMAND MANAGEMENT DESALINATION DISCHARGE DISTRIBUTION OF WATER DOMESTIC USE DOMESTIC WATER DOMESTIC WATER CONSUMPTION DOWNSTREAM USERS DRAINAGE DRAINAGE SYSTEMS DRILLING RIGS DRINKING WATER DROUGHT ECOSYSTEM EFFICIENT WATER USE ENGINEERING ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION ENVIRONMENTAL NEEDS ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS EQUITABLE ALLOCATION EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION EXPORT FARMERS FARMING FLOOD PROTECTION FLOODS FOOD SECURITY FOOD SELF-SUFFICIENCY FOSSIL WATER FRESH WATER FRESHWATER FRESHWATER RESOURCES GAS GROUND WATER GROUNDWATER GROUNDWATER DEPLETION GROUNDWATER PUMPING HIGH LEVELS HIGH WATER HOUSEHOLDS HUMAN WATER CONSUMPTION HYDROLOGY IMPORTS INDUSTRIAL WATER INTERNATIONAL WATER INVESTMENT DECISIONS IRRIGATION IRRIGATION SYSTEMS IRRIGATION WATER IRRIGATORS LARGE WATER RESOURCE LOW RAINFALL LOWER INCOMES MANAGEMENT OF WATER MIDDLE EAST MIDDLE EASTERN NONREVENUE WATER NORTH AFRICA OASES OVERPUMPING PACIFIC REGION PERFORMANCE INDICATORS PIPED WATER POLITICS OF WATER POLLUTION POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION GROWTH POTABLE WATER PRESSURE PROGRAMS PROVIDING WATER SUPPLY PROVISION OF SERVICES PROVISION OF WATER PROVISION OF WATER SUPPLY PROVISION OF WATER SUPPLY SERVICES PUBLIC HEALTH PUMPING QUANTITIES OF WATER QUANTITY OF WATER RAIN RAINFALL RAINFALL PATTERNS REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT RENEWABLE WATER RESOURCES RESERVOIRS RESPONSIBILITY FOR WATER RIVER BASIN RIVER WATER RIVERS RUNOFF RURAL VILLAGES RURAL WATER RURAL WATER SUPPLY SAHARA SANITATION SERVICES SCARCE WATER SCARCE WATER RESOURCES SCARCITY OF WATER SEA SECTORAL POLICIES SERVICE DELIVERY SERVICE PROVIDER SERVICE PROVIDERS SERVICE PROVISION SPRINGS STAKEHOLDER INVOLVEMENT SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA SURFACE WATER SUSTAINABLE USE TARIFF REFORM TOTAL WATER REQUIREMENTS TRANSPARENCY TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES URBAN COMMUNITIES URBAN WATER URBAN WATER SUPPLY USE OF WATER WASTEWATER WASTEWATER COLLECTION WATER ABSTRACTION WATER ALLOCATION WATER ALLOCATIONS WATER APPLICATION WATER AVAILABILITY WATER BODIES WATER CONDITIONS WATER CONSERVATION WATER CONSUMPTION WATER CONVEYANCE WATER CRISES WATER CYCLE WATER DEMAND WATER DIVERSION WATER EXTRACTION WATER FLOWS WATER INFRASTRUCTURE WATER INVESTMENTS WATER MANAGEMENT WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS WATER MANAGERS WATER NEED WATER NEEDS WATER PARTNERSHIP WATER POINTS WATER POLICIES WATER POLICY WATER PRICING WATER PROFESSIONALS WATER QUALITY WATER REQUIREMENTS WATER RESOURCE WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT WATER RESOURCES WATER RIGHTS WATER SCARCITY WATER SECTOR WATER SERVICE WATER SERVICE PROVIDERS WATER SERVICES WATER SOURCE WATER SOURCES WATER STORAGE WATER STRATEGY WATER SUPPLIES WATER SUPPLY WATER SUPPLY SERVICES WATER SYSTEM WATER TABLE WATER USE WATER USER WATER USERS WATER USES WATER UTILITIES WATER WITHDRAWAL WATERSHED WELL CONSTRUCTION WELL WATER WESTERN EUROPE
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Washington, DC
Middle East and North Africa
2012-06-01T14:52:17Z | 2012-06-01T14:52:17Z | 2007

Water -- the resource itself as well as the irrigation and water supply services derived from it is important for every country. It is fundamental to human health, wellbeing, productivity, and livelihoods. It is also essential for the long-term sustainability of ecosystems. Here, in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, the most water-scarce region of the world, good water management matters even more than it does elsewhere. The report suggests that MENA can meet its water management challenge. People have a very real need for water for drinking and for household uses. This domestic use, however, accounts for less than ten percent of a typical country's water consumption. Every country in the region has enough water resources to meet domestic needs, even accounting for the larger populations expected in the future. And policy decisions can help improve the way drinking water and sanitation services are delivered so that people get the services they need. The bulk of a typical country's water consumption goes to agriculture. This demand depends on such factors as the structure of the economy, people's consumption preferences, agriculture and trade policies, and how efficiently water is used. These factors can be influenced by policy choices. Similarly, countries can protect their environmental quality with policy and institutional choices. The necessary policy changes are far from easy. Yet they are essential, and, when coupled with improvements in accountability to the public, water resources and services will support communities and promote economic development and bring benefits to the entire population.

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