Skip navigation

Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper

Africa and Arab Gulf states : Divergent Development Paths and Prospects for Convergence

ACTUAL VALUES ADJUSTMENT MECHANISMS ADVERSE EFFECT ADVERSE EFFECTS ADVERSE SHOCKS ASSETS BALANCE OF PAYMENTS BALANCE OF PAYMENTS CRISES BALANCE OF PAYMENTS CRISIS CAPITAL ACCOUNTS CAPITAL ACCUMULATION CAPITAL FLIGHT CAPITAL INFLOWS CAPITAL MARKETS CENTRAL BANK CIVIL WARS COMMODITIES COMMODITY COMMODITY PRICES COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS COMPETITIVENESS CONSOLIDATION CORRELATION COEFFICIENT COUNTRY RISK CURRENT ACCOUNT CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCE CURRENT ACCOUNT BALANCES CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICIT CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICITS CURRENT ACCOUNT SURPLUS CURRENT ACCOUNT SURPLUSES DEBT DEBT CRISIS DEBT RELIEF DEBT SERVICES DECISION MAKING DEMOCRACY DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS DEPENDENT VARIABLE DEPOSITS DEPRESSION DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPING COUNTRY DEVELOPMENT PATH DEVELOPMENT PATHS DEVELOPMENT POLICIES DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME DIVIDENDS DOLLAR PEGS DOMESTIC CREDIT DOMESTIC DEMANDS DUTCH DISEASE DUTCH DISEASES ECONOMIC COOPERATION ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC DOWNTURN ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC OUTCOMES ECONOMIC OUTLOOK ECONOMIC PERFORMANCES ECONOMIC POLICIES ECONOMIC POLICY ECONOMIC POWER ECONOMIC PROGRESS ECONOMIC RESEARCH ECONOMIC STRUCTURES ECONOMIC THEORY EMERGING MARKET EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES EMERGING MARKETS ERROR TERMS EXCHANGE RATE EXCHANGE RATES EXPLANATORY VARIABLE EXPLANATORY VARIABLES EXPORT BASE EXPORT COMMODITIES EXPORT EARNINGS EXPORTER EXPORTS EXPOSURE EXTERNAL BORROWING EXTERNAL DEBT EXTERNAL DEFICIT EXTERNAL FINANCE EXTERNAL FINANCING EXTERNAL POSITION FEDERAL RESERVE FEDERAL RESERVE BANK FISCAL DEFICITS FOREIGN ASSETS FOREIGN CURRENCY FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS FOREIGN RESERVES FUTURE RESEARCH GDP GDP PER CAPITA GLOBAL CAPITAL GLOBAL CAPITAL MARKET GLOBAL CAPITAL MARKETS GLOBAL DEMANDS GLOBAL ECONOMY GLOBAL IMBALANCES GLOBAL STANDARDS GLOBALIZATION GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNMENT BUDGETS GRAVITY MODEL GROSS CAPITAL FORMATION GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCTS GROWTH PERFORMANCE GROWTH POLICIES GROWTH RATE GROWTH RATES HUMAN RIGHTS IMBALANCES IMPORTS INCOME INCOME GROWTH INCOME LEVELS INDEBTEDNESS INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENT INSTITUTIONAL MODELS INTEREST INCOME INTEREST INCOMES INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERNATIONAL DEBT INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS INTERNATIONAL FINANCE INVESTMENT RATES LABOR FORCE LABOR MARKET LIFE EXPECTANCY LIVING STANDARDS LONG-TERM INVESTMENTS M2 MACROECONOMIC PERFORMANCE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES MARGINAL PRODUCT MARGINAL PRODUCTIVITY MARGINAL PROPENSITY TO IMPORT MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRY MISMANAGEMENT MONEY CREATION MONEY SUPPLY NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT NATIONAL INCOME NATIONAL OUTPUT NATIONAL SAVING NATURAL RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCES NET CAPITAL OIL EXPORTS OIL PRICE OPPORTUNITY COSTS OPTIMAL ALLOCATION OUTPUT GAP OUTPUT PER CAPITA OUTPUT RESPONSE PER CAPITA INCOME PER CAPITA INCOMES PERSONAL INCOME POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL RISK POLITICAL STABILITY PORTFOLIO POTENTIAL OUTPUT POVERTY REDUCTION PRICE HIKES PRIVATE CAPITAL PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE INVESTMENTS PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT PUBLIC INVESTMENT PUBLIC INVESTMENTS PUBLIC SPENDING RATE OF GROWTH REAL EFFECTIVE EXCHANGE RATE RENT SEEKING RESERVE ACCUMULATION RESERVE HOLDINGS RESPONSE TO SHOCKS RISK EXPOSURE SAVINGS SOCIAL COSTS STANDARD DEVIATION STATE CAPTURE STATIC ANALYSIS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE GROWTH TOTAL EXPORT TOTAL EXPORT REVENUE TOTAL EXPORTS TOTAL IMPORTS TOTAL RESERVES TRADE DEFICIT TRADE DEFICITS TRADE SHOCKS TRADES TRADING PARTNER TRADING PARTNERS UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATES VOLATILITY VOLUME OF TRADE WEALTH WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS WORLD ECONOMIES WORLD ECONOMY WORLD PRICES
79
0

Attachments [ 0 ]

There are no files associated with this item.

More Details

Africa | Middle East and North Africa
2012-03-19T19:12:01Z | 2012-03-19T19:12:01Z | 2009-08-01

In spite of the similarities between Sub-Saharan Africa and the Arab Gulf region (Gulf Cooperation Council states), development policies implemented in these two regions of the world have produced markedly different and even divergent outcomes. While Gulf Cooperation Council states have drawn on hydrocarbon revenues to dramatically transform their economic landscape, Sub-Saharan African countries have exhibited abysmal economic and social outcomes. The remarkable increase in personal income and large current account surpluses in Arab Gulf states is in sharp contrast with widespread poverty and recurrent balance of payments crises in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper reviews the possible causes of these divergent development paths and discusses the prospects for economic convergence in the new globalization landscape of growing trade ties between the two regions. In particular, it shows that development models underpinned by institutional continuity and intergenerational accountability could enhance long-run growth in Sub-Saharan Africa and income convergence between the two regions.

Comments

(Leave your comments here about this item.)

Item Analytics

Select desired time period