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Opening Up the Markets for Seed Trade in Africa

ACCESS TO FERTILIZER ACCESS TO MARKETS ADB AFRICAN FARMERS AGRIBUSINESS AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY AGRICULTURE AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION AGRICULTURE RESEARCH AGRICULTURE RESEARCH SYSTEMS AGRONOMIC PRACTICES ANALYSIS AREA ARID TROPICS ASARECA AVERAGE YIELDS BIODIVERSITY BIOSAFETY BLUE BORDER INSPECTIONS BORDER TRADE CAPACITY BUILDING CAPACITY LIMITATIONS CASSAVA CENTRE CEREAL YIELDS CERTIFICATION CAPACITY CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS CERTIFICATION STANDARDS CERTIFIED SEED CIMMYT CLIMATE CHANGE CLIMATIC CONDITIONS COMMERCIAL FARMERS COMMERCIAL SEED COMMERCIALIZATION COMMODITIES COMMODITY COMMODITY TRADE CONSUMER PRICES CONSUMPTION COOPERATIVES COTTON COWPEA CREDIT CROP CROP INPUTS CROP PRODUCTION CROP YIELDS CULTIVATION DATABASE DEMAND DEMAND FOR FOOD DESTINATION DISEASE RESISTANCE DISEASES DROUGHT TOLERANCE ECOLOGICAL ZONES ECONOMIC LIBERALIZATION ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EXPORT MARKETS EXTERNALITIES FAO FARM FARMER FARMER GROUPS FARMER INCOMES FARMING FARMING SYSTEMS FARMS FEED FERTILIZER FIELD CROPS FLOWERS FOOD FOOD CROPS FOOD IMPORTS FOOD MARKETING FOOD OUTPUT FOOD POLICY FOOD POLICY RESEARCH FOOD PRODUCTION FOOD SECURITY FOOD STAPLES FOOD SUPPLY GENETIC IMPROVEMENT GENETIC MAKEUP GENETIC MATERIAL GENETIC RESOURCES GERMPLASM GRAIN GRAIN QUALITY GREEN REVOLUTION GROUNDNUTS GROWING SEASON HARVEST HETEROSIS HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY HYBRID CROP HYBRID MAIZE HYBRID SEED HYBRID SEEDS HYBRIDIZATION HYBRIDS ICRISAT IDENTITY IFDC IFPRI INDICATORS INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE INNOVATION INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS INTERNATIONAL FERTILIZER DEVELOPMENT CENTER INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE INTERNATIONAL MAIZE AND WHEAT IMPROVEMENT CENTER INTERNATIONAL PLANT PROTECTION CONVENTION INTRA-REGIONAL TRADE INVESTMENT IRRI IRRIGATION LABELING LABORATORY FACILITIES LAND TENURE LEGUMES MAIZE MAIZE YIELDS MARKETS MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING MILLET MODEL MOU NASH NATURAL RESOURCES NETWORK ORANGE OWN SEED PACKAGING PEARL MILLET PEAS PLANS PLANT BREEDERS PLANT BREEDING PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES PLANT HEALTH PLANT PESTS PLANT PRODUCTION PLANT PRODUCTS PLANT PROTECTION PLANT SPECIES PLANT VARIETIES PLANTS POOR FARMERS POPULATION POPULATION GROWTH POPULATIONS POTATO POTATOES POVERTY POVERTY REDUCTION PRIVATE SEED COMPANIES PRODUCE PRODUCTION GAINS QUALITY SEED QUARANTINE RECYCLING REGION REGIONAL AGREEMENT REGIONAL AGREEMENTS REGIONAL APPROACH REGIONAL BASIS REGIONAL FREE TRADE REGIONAL GROUP REGIONAL HARMONIZATION REGIONAL INSTRUMENTS REGIONAL INTEGRATION REGIONAL MARKET REGIONAL MARKETS REGIONAL NEGOTIATIONS REGIONAL PARTNERS REGIONAL PROGRAM REGIONAL REGULATIONS REGIONAL SYSTEM REGIONAL SYSTEMS REGIONAL TRADE REGIONAL TRADE INTEGRATION REGIONS REMOTE AREAS REPLANTING RESEARCH RESEARCH ORGANIZATIONS RICE RURAL INCOME RURAL INCOMES SAFEGUARDS SCIENCE SEASONS SEED SEED CERTIFICATION SEED COMPANIES SEED COMPANY SEED CROPS SEED LAWS SEED MULTIPLICATION SEED POLICY SEED PRODUCERS SEED REFORM SEED REGULATIONS SEED SECTOR SEED STOCKS SEED SUPPLY SEED SYSTEM SEED TESTING SEED TRADE SEED TRADE ASSOCIATION SEED TYPES SEED VARIETIES SEEDLINGS SEEDS SMALL FARMERS SORGHUM SOUTH AFRICA SOYBEAN SOYBEANS STAPLE FOODS SUBSISTENCE SUGAR SUNFLOWER SWITZERLAND TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TOBACCO TRAINING UNION UNITED NATIONS UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT UPOV USAID VARIETY RELEASE VEGETABLE SEED VEGETABLES WHEAT YAM YIELD GAIN YIELD LOSS YIELD REDUCTION
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa
2014-01-29T01:14:51Z | 2014-01-29T01:14:51Z | 2013-10

Despite its vast agriculture potential, Africa is increasingly dependent on food imports from the rest of the world to satisfy its consumption needs. Food output has not kept pace with population growth, and more than 80 percent of production gains since 1980 have come from the expansion of cropped areas rather than from greater productivity of areas already cultivated. This paper looks at the current requirements for seed trade in Africa, the obstacles, status of ongoing plans for regional harmonization, challenges of harmonization, and opportunities for near-term improvement. With Africa increasingly dependent on food imports, regional economic communities have been discussing harmonized seed policies for many years. While agreement on key regulations pertaining to variety release, seed certification, and phytosanitary control is now falling into place, improved farmer access to quality seeds are many years away due to capacity limitations and legal obstacles. Without relying on complex rules, experience elsewhere shows there are many simple options for improved seed trade that African governments can implement directly while continuing to work towards full harmonization.

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