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Employment Creation and Social Protection in the Middle East and North Africa

ACCESS TO EDUCATION ACCOUNTING ACTIVE LABOR ACTIVE LABOR MARKET ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS AFFECTED WORKERS APPROPRIATE COMPENSATION ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR ATTRITION BASIC EDUCATION BASIC LEARNING CAREER CHILD LABOR CIVIL SOCIETY COLLECTIVE BARGAINING COLLEGES COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES COMMUNITY COLLEGE COMMUNITY COLLEGE SYSTEM COMMUNITY COLLEGES COMPETITIVE LABOR MARKETS COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK CORPORATE GOVERNANCE CRITICAL THINKING CURRICULA DEADWEIGHT DEADWEIGHT LOSS DEGREES DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DIRECT JOB CREATION DISMISSED WORKERS DISPLACED WORKERS EARLY RETIREMENT ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY ECONOMIC GROWTH EDUCATION BUDGET EDUCATION SECTOR EDUCATION SYSTEMS EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EDUCATIONAL POLICY EMPLOYABILITY EMPLOYEE EMPLOYMENT EMPLOYMENT INFORMATION EMPLOYMENT LEVELS EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS EMPLOYMENT PROSPECTS EMPLOYMENT SERVICES EMPLOYMENT SITUATION ENTERPRISE TRAINING EXPENDITURES FIRST-TIME JOB SEEKERS FREE TRADE GIRLS HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES HIGH WAGES HIGHER EDUCATION HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN RESOURCES ILLITERACY IN-SERVICE TRAINING INCOME INCOME INEQUALITY INDUSTRIAL TRAINING INFORMAL ECONOMIES INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT INFORMAL SECTOR INNOVATION INNOVATIONS INSTRUCTORS INTERNSHIPS JOB COUNSELING JOB CREATION JOB LOSSES JOB MARKET JOB PLACEMENT JOB PLACEMENT SERVICES JOB SECURITY JOB SEEKERS JOB SEPARATION JOBS LABOR ABSORPTION LABOR FORCE LABOR LAWS LABOR LEGISLATION LABOR MANAGEMENT LABOR MARKET CHARACTERISTICS LABOR MARKET DEMAND LABOR MARKET FLEXIBILITY LABOR MARKET FORECASTS LABOR MARKET INFORMATION LABOR MARKET INFORMATION SYSTEMS LABOR MARKET INTERMEDIATION LABOR MARKET NEEDS LABOR MARKET PROGRAM LABOR MARKETS LABOR MIGRATION LABOR MOBILITY LABOR OFFICES LABOR REDUNDANCIES LABOUR LAYOFFS LIFELONG EDUCATION LIFELONG LEARNING LIVING STANDARDS LOCAL LABOR MARKET LOW EMPLOYMENT MANPOWER MARKET ECONOMY MATERNITY LEAVE MATHEMATICS MIGRANT WORKERS MINIMUM WAGES MINISTRY OF EDUCATION MOBILITY OF LABOR MODULAR TRAINING MONOPOLIES MORTALITY OCCUPATIONS OLDER WORKERS OPPORTUNITY COSTS ORGANIZED LABOR PAPERS PENSION PLANS PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT POLITICAL ECONOMY PRESENT VALUE PREVIOUS SECTION PRICE CONTROLS PRIMARY EDUCATION PRINCIPAL ALTERNATIVE PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATE SECTOR WAGES PRIVATE SECTORS PRIVATE TRAINING PROBLEM SOLVING PRODUCT MARKETS PRODUCTION PROCESSES PROPERTY RIGHTS PUBLIC EXPENDITURES PUBLIC SECTOR DOWNSIZING PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEES PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT PUBLIC SECTOR JOBS PUBLIC SECTOR WORKER PUBLIC SECTOR WORKERS PUBLIC SERVICE PUBLIC WORKS PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAM PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS PUBLIC WORKS SCHEME QUALITY OF EDUCATION REGULAR UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS RESEARCH CAPACITY RETRAINING RETRAINING PROGRAMS RETRENCHED WORKERS RIGHT TO WORK RISING UNEMPLOYMENT SAFETY SAFETY NET SECONDARY EDUCATION SERVANTS SERVICE SECTOR SEVERANCE PAY SKILL REQUIREMENTS SKILLED LABOR SKILLED WORKERS SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISE STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES TEACHING TERTIARY EDUCATION TERTIARY GRADUATES TERTIARY LEVEL TOTAL EMPLOYMENT TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY TRAINING CENTERS TRAINING COURSES TRAINING INSTITUTIONS TRAINING PROGRAMS TRAINING PROVIDERS TRAINING SERVICES TRAINING SYSTEM UNEMPLOYED UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM UNEMPLOYMENT RATE UNIVERSITIES UNIVERSITY EDUCATION URBAN WORKERS VOCATIONAL EDUCATION VOCATIONAL PROGRAMS VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS VOCATIONAL TRAINING VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAMS WAGE BILL WAGE LEVELS WAGE SUBSIDIES WORK EXPERIENCE WORK FORCE WORKER WORKERS
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Cairo: American University in Cairo Press in association with the Economic Research Forum and the World Bank
Middle East and North Africa | North Africa | Middle East
Handoussa, Heba | Tzannatos, Zafiris
2013-08-21T15:18:25Z | 2013-08-21T15:18:25Z | 2002

This book describes and analyzes critical aspects of the labor market and social protection in the Arab world. The authors address the interrelationship between labor, human development, and social well-being in the Middle East and North Africa region -- an interaction that is viewed against the backdrop of a globalization process that is a crucial shaping factor in national and international relations alike. The authors scrutinize the implications for workers of the new forms of insecurity being ushered in by the globalization era. At the forefront is the issue of social protection, which creates several dilemmas for policymakers, since formal social security covers only a small percentage of the labor force. The idea of social reinsurance, which would integrate the informal sector and allow for social dialog, emerges at various levels, and there is general agreement that any such dialog, or new social contract, must include government, the private sector, and civil society.

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