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Reproductive Health in the Middle East and North Africa : Well-Being for All

ACCESS TO QUALITY SERVICES ADOLESCENT ADOLESCENT FERTILITY ADOLESCENT FERTILITY RATES ADOLESCENT GIRLS ADOLESCENT HEALTH ADOLESCENT REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AGE OF MARRIAGE AGRICULTURE BABIES BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS BIRTH SPACING BIRTHS BREAST CANCER BREASTFEEDING BURDEN OF DISEASE CANCERS CHILD DEVELOPMENT CHILD HEALTH CHILD MORTALITY CHILDBIRTH CLIMATE COMMUNITY HEALTH COMPLICATIONS OF PREGNANCY CONTRACEPTIVE METHODS CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE COUNSELING DISEASE CONTROL DISEASES DRUG USE DRUGS EARLY MARRIAGE EDUCATION EDUCATION EQUIPMENT FAMILIES FAMILY PLANNING FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMS FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES FERTILITY DECLINE FERTILITY RATES GENDER GIRLS GLUCOSE HEALTH HEALTH HEALTH EXPENDITURE HEALTH FACILITIES HEALTH INDICATORS HEALTH INTERVENTIONS HEALTH OUTCOMES HEALTH PROFESSIONALS HEALTH RISKS HEALTH SECTOR HEALTH SERVICES HEALTH SYSTEM HEALTH SYSTEMS HIGH FERTILITY HIGH-RISK HOSPITALS HUMAN FERTILITY HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS HUMAN REPRODUCTION HUMAN RIGHT HUMAN SEXUALITY HYPERTENSION ILL HEALTH IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME IMMUNODEFICIENCY INFANT MORTALITY INFANT MORTALITY RATE INFANT MORTALITY RATES INFANTS INFECTION PREVENTION INFECTIONS INFERTILITY INTERVENTION INTRAUTERINE DEVICE IODINE DEFICIENCY LAWS MATERNAL DEATH MATERNAL DEATHS MATERNAL HEALTH MATERNAL HEALTH INDICATORS MATERNAL MORTALITY MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO MEDICAL CARE MODERN CONTRACEPTIVE METHODS MORBIDITY MORTALITY RATE NUTRITION NUTRITION NUTRITIONAL STATUS OBESITY OBSTETRIC CARE OVARIAN CANCER PARENTHOOD FEDERATION PARENTS PARTNERSHIP PEER REVIEW POPULATION GROWTH POSTNATAL CARE POSTPARTUM CARE POSTPARTUM PERIOD PREGNANCIES PREGNANCY PREGNANT WOMEN PRENATAL CARE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE PRIVATE SECTOR PUBLIC HEALTH QUALITY CONTROL QUALITY OF LIFE REFUGEES REPRODUCTIVE AGE REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH APPROACH REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CARE REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH INFORMATION REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROBLEMS REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH PROGRAMS REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SERVICES REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH STATUS REPRODUCTIVE MORBIDITY REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM REPRODUCTIVE TRACT REPRODUCTIVE TRACT INFECTION REPRODUCTIVE TRACT INFECTIONS RISK BEHAVIORS SAFE DELIVERY SAFE MOTHERHOOD SEXUAL HEALTH SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT STD STIS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT SUSTAINABLE FINANCING SYPHILIS TEENAGE FERTILITY TEENAGE MOTHERS TOT TOTAL FERTILITY RATE UNSAFE ABORTION USE OF CONTRACEPTION USE OF CONTRACEPTIVES VIOLENCE
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Washington, DC: World Bank
Middle East and North Africa | North Africa | Middle East
2013-06-17T15:37:22Z | 2013-06-17T15:37:22Z | 2001-06

This reproductive health review of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region provides an overview of the issues and establishes a base of knowledge upon which a strategy could be constructed. Despite achievements in the population and health sectors during the last decades, several reproductive health issues remain, while new challenges have emerged. Major reproductive health issues in the region include high maternal mortality, particularly in Yemen, Morocco, Egypt, and Iraq; high fertility and slowing fertility decline; early marriage and high teenage fertility; the increasing prevalence of sexually transmitted infections and HIV/AIDS; and female genital cutting in Egypt and Yemen. There is a correlation between reproductive health issues, a country's level of social development, and the size of gaps within a country; between men and women, urban and rural, rich and poor. Therefore, it is necessary to plan and implement programs targeted to specific issues and underprivileged groups; develop effective and sustainable health systems with high-quality services; raise awareness and change behaviors of both the public and policymakers; and empower women. Strong political commitment is essential to overcoming social and cultural constraints. Possible intervention components and possible roles of the World Bank are suggested.

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