The study focuses on the organizational, technical, and management issues associated with the restructuring, and commercialization of Road Agencies in seven countries: Botswana, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Namibia, Tanzania, and South Africa. The overall aim of this work is to deepen the understanding of good practice in order to provide Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP) partner countries with the guidance they need to set up or restructure Road Authorities in Sub-Saharan Africa. To this end, the main objectives are to: (1) identify some key issues and constraints surrounding the operation and management of Road Authorities, and (2) put forward some basic guidelines for increasing the managerial effectiveness and efficiency of Road Authorities. The remainder of this report is structured as follows. Chapter two provides an international perspective on restructuring road agencies in terms of best practice approaches. Chapter three highlights the fundamental principles that should be adopted for achieving sound road management practices within a Road Authority. Chapter four then reviews country-specific experiences pertaining to the progress made in the commercialization of the road management practices of road agencies. Finally, chapter five presents the main findings, conclusions, and recommendations of the study. Appendixes A and B are devoted to an evaluation framework and performance indicators, respectively.