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"To Whom Do the People Take Their Issues?" The Contribution of Community-Based Paralegals to Access to Justice in South Africa

ABUSE ABUSES ACCESS TO INFORMATION ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACCOUNTABILITY ACCOUNTING ACTIONS ADVOCACY ADVOCACY CAMPAIGNS ADVOCACY ROLE AFFIDAVITS ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION ALTERNATIVE FUNDING ARSON AUTHORITY BANKS BARRISTERS BASIC SERVICES BILLS BLACK WOMEN BUDGETARY ALLOCATION CAPACITY BUILDING CASH FLOW CC CHILD SUPPORT CITIZENS CIVIL LITIGATION CIVIL SOCIETY CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS COERCION COMMON LAW COMMUNITY AFFAIRS COMMUNITY COLLEGE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT COMPLAINTS CONFIDENTIALITY CONSTITUTIONAL LAW CONSTITUTIONS CONSUMER PROTECTION CORRUPTION COURT COURTS CREDIT FACILITIES CRIME CRIMES CRIMINAL CUSTOMARY LAW DEMOCRACY DETAINEES DEVELOPMENT POLICY DISABILITIES DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION DOMESTIC VIOLENCE DOMINANCE DONOR FUNDING DRINKING WATER ECONOMIC CHANGE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC RIGHTS ELDERLY EMPLOYER EMPOWERMENT EMPOWERMENT OF THE POOR ENROLLMENT EQUALITY EUROPEAN UNION EXCLUSION EXPENDITURE FAMILIES FAMILY LAW FAMILY STRUCTURES FEMALE FINANCES FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FINANCIAL SKILLS FINANCIAL SUPPORT FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY FUNDING SOURCE GENDER GENDER EQUALITY GENDER SENSITIVITY GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS GOVERNMENT POLICIES GOVERNMENT POLICY GROUP OF WOMEN HARASSMENT HEALTH CARE HEALTH SYSTEMS HIV HOME HOME AFFAIRS HOME VISITS HOMES HOSPITAL HOUSEHOLDS HUMAN DIGNITY HUMAN RIGHTS INDIVIDUAL LIBERTY INEQUALITY INFORMAL SECTOR INITIAL FUNDING INSTITUTIONAL REFORM INSURANCE INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERNATIONAL LAW JUDICIAL SYSTEM JUSTICE LABOR LAW LAW FIRM LAW FIRMS LAW REFORM LAW STUDENTS LAWS LAWYER LAWYERS LEGAL ADVICE LEGAL AID LEGAL ASSISTANCE LEGAL FEES LEGAL FRAMEWORKS LEGAL LITERACY LEGAL ORGANIZATIONS LEGAL PROFESSION LEGAL REFORM LEGAL RESOURCES LEGAL SERVICE LEGAL STATUS LEGAL STUDIES LEGAL SUPPORT LEGAL TRAINING LEGISLATION LOCAL COMMUNITIES LOCAL COMMUNITY LOCAL DEVELOPMENT LONG-TERM FUNDING MARGINALIZATION MARITAL STATUS MEDIA MEDIATION MEDICAL ATTENTION MEDICAL TREATMENT MIGRANT MIGRANTS MINISTER MINORITY MOTHER NATIONAL LEVEL NEWSLETTER NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS NUMBER OF PERSONS OUTREACH PEER EDUCATION PENSIONS POLICE POLICE BRUTALITY POLICE FORCE POLITICAL ACTIVISTS POLITICAL OPPONENTS POLITICAL OPPOSITION POLITICAL PARTY POLITICAL POWER POLITICAL RIGHTS PREGNANCY PRISONER PRISONERS PRISONS PRIVATE LAW PRIVATE PROPERTY PROCUREMENT PROGRESS PROTECTION MEASURES PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY PUBLIC EDUCATION PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION PUBLIC SERVICE PUBLISHERS RACE RELATIONS RADIO RADIO STATIONS RAPE RECESSION REFERRAL SYSTEMS REPRESSION RESPECT ROLE OF LAW RURAL AREAS RURAL COMMUNITIES RURAL DEVELOPMENT RURAL POPULATIONS SAFETY NET SANITATION SCHOLARSHIP SECONDARY SCHOOLS SECRECY SELF-FINANCING SERVICE DELIVERY SERVICE DELIVERY POINTS SERVICE PROVIDERS SEX SEXUAL ABUSE SEXUAL ORIENTATION SEXUAL VIOLENCE SOCIAL CHANGE SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL INSURANCE SOCIAL ISSUES SOCIAL JUSTICE SOCIAL MOVEMENTS SOCIAL ORIGIN SOCIAL SCIENCES SOCIAL SECURITY SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS SOCIAL SERVICE SOCIAL WELFARE START-UP TECHNICAL SKILLS TERTIARY EDUCATION TRADE UNIONS TRADITIONAL LAW TRANSPARENCY TRAUMA TRIAL TRIALS UMBRELLA ORGANIZATION UMBRELLA ORGANIZATIONS UNEMPLOYMENT URBAN AREA URBAN AREAS URBAN CENTERS USE OF RESOURCES VICTIMS VILLAGE VILLAGES VIOLENCE VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN VULNERABLE PEOPLE WATER RESOURCES WILL WOMAN WORKING CONDITIONS XENOPHOBIA
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | South Africa
2014-01-17T23:10:55Z | 2014-01-17T23:10:55Z | 2013-01

Paralegals provide a crucial link to justice services and legal redress in South Africa, particularly for the rural poor. Although post-Apartheid constitutional reforms guaranteed a broad range of rights and benefits to all South Africans, including the right to legal assistance, accessing many of these benefits remains a challenge for those who live in remote areas and those who cannot afford legal representation. Community-based paralegals fill this gap by providing dispute resolution and legal support that is both geographically and financially accessible and informed by a deep understanding of the social issues and everyday challenges facing their clients. Despite the prevalence and importance of paralegals in the South African justice sector, their role remains largely under-formalized and understudied. This report seeks to address this gap by providing a broad analysis of the current state of the paralegal sector. It begins with a historical overview of paralegal services in South Africa from the apartheid period to the present. The study then maps the current state of the paralegal sector, and provides detailed information on the structure and function of key organizations that provide paralegal services. Through an analysis of twelve case studies of paralegal-assisted cases, the report identifies facilitating and hindering determinants of Community Advice Offices (CAO) functions at both the institutional and organization level.

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