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Aid and Reform in Africa : Lessons from Ten Case Studies

ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE ADJUSTMENT LOANS AID AID ALLOCATION AID FLOWS BALANCE OF PAYMENTS BORROWING BROAD CONSENSUS CAPITA GROWTH CAPITAL FORMATION CASE STUDIES CENTRAL BANK COMMITMENTS COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT CONDITIONALITY COUNTRY OWNERSHIP DEBT DEBT RELIEF DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS DESIGNING POLICIES DEVALUATION DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DEVELOPMENT FINANCE DEVELOPMENT POLICY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY DIS DISBURSEMENT DISBURSEMENTS DONOR COMMUNITY ECO ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC ANALYSIS ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC OUTCOMES ECONOMIC POLICIES ECONOMIC POLICY ECONOMIC REVIEW ECONOMISTS EMPLOYMENT EXCHANGE RATE EXPORTS EXTERNAL DEBT EXTERNAL SHOCKS FINANCIAL AID FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOREIGN AID FOREIGN EXCHANGE GDP GDP PER CAPITA GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES GRACE PERIOD GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROSS FIXED CAPITAL FORMATION IMPORTS INCOME INFLATION INSTITUTIONAL ASSESSMENT LIVING STANDARDS LOAN LOAN DISBURSEMENTS MACROECONOMIC MANAGEMENT MACROECONOMIC POLICIES MANUFACTURERS MATURITY NATIONAL FORUM NATURAL RESOURCES OIL OIL PRICES PER CAPITA INCOME POLICY CHANGE POLICY CHANGES POLICY DECISIONS POLICY DIALOGUE POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL ECONOMY OF REFORM POOR CHILDREN POOR COUNTRIES POVERTY ALLEVIATION POVERTY REDUCTION PUBLIC ENTERPRISES PUBLIC MEETINGS PUBLIC SECTOR QUOTAS REAL GDP SOCIAL INDICATORS STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT SURCHARGES SUSTAINABILITY TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE GRANTS TRADE LIBERALIZATION VALUE ADDED WORLD BANK LOANS ABSOLUTE POVERTY AID EVALUATION AID CONDITIONALITY REFORM POLICY ECONOMIC POLICY POVERTY REDUCTION ECONOMIC GROWTH OWNERSHIP COUNTRY PROGRAMS MACROECONOMIC PLANNING PUBLIC SERVICES SOCIAL SERVICES ASSESSMENT METHODS DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE FOREIGN AID INFLATION RATES FOREIGN EXCHANGE BUDGET FOREIGN TRADE RULE OF LAW SERVICES DELIVERY POLITICAL POWER AID COORDINATION & COFINANCING DISBURSEMENTS POLICY DEVELOPMENT POLICY FRAMEWORK POLICY DIALOGUES TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT CASE STUDIES
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Washington, DC: World Bank
Africa | Africa | Congo, Democratic Republic of | Cote d'Ivoire | Ethiopia | Ghana | Kenya | Mali | Nigeria | Tanzania | Uganda | Zambia
Devarajan, Shantayanan | Dollar, David R. | Holmgren, Torgny
2013-06-13T14:55:45Z | 2013-06-13T14:55:45Z | 2001-04

This book synthesizes the findings from ten case studies that investigate whether, when, and how foreign aid affected economic policy in Africa, and reveals the range of African policy experience. Results varied enormously, for example, while Ghana and Uganda were successful reformers that grew rapidly reducing poverty, Cote d'Ivoire and Ethiopia have shown significant reform recently, but its sustainability remains to be seen, and, in other countries, policies changed little, or even worsened. Based on the World Bank's Country Policy and Institutional Assessment, the study relates foreign aid in the 1990s, to a measure of overall economic policy, a broad measure that covers macroeconomic management, as well as effectiveness of the public sector in providing essential services for growth, and poverty reduction. In assessing aid, and reform policy, the study subdivides these countries in three groups: the post-socialist reformers (Ethiopia, Mali and Tanzania); the mixed reformers (Cote d'Ivoire, Kenya and Zambia), and the non-reformers (The Democratic Republic of Congo - Zaire - and Nigeria). Although defining "good policy", and how to measure it may be controversial, research and experience established a fair knowledge: absence of high inflation, functioning foreign exchange, openness to foreign trade, effective rule of law, and delivery of key services. Conclusions stipulate that key to successful reform, is a political movement for change; that key to beneficial aid is its disbursement alongside actual policy improvements; and, that technical assistance, and policy dialogue should continue a high level of finance in productive environments.

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