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Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study

Ethanol as a Husehold Fuel in Madagascar : Health Benefits, Economic Assessment, and Review of African Lessons for Scaling-up

ACUTE EXPOSURE AGRICULTURAL WASTE AIR AIR POLLUTION AIR POLLUTION CONCENTRATIONS AIR QUALITY ALDEHYDES ALTERNATIVE COOKING FUELS ALTERNATIVE FUELS ANHYDROUS ETHANOL APPROACH AVAILABILITY BAGASSE BALANCE BALANCE OF PAYMENTS BETTER ENERGY ACCESS BIOFUELS BIOFUELS INDUSTRY BIOGAS BIOMASS BIOMASS ENERGY BIOMASS FUELS BIOMASS STOVE BURNING FUEL BUSINESS AS USUAL SCENARIO CANE INDUSTRY CANE PRODUCTION CARBON CARBON EMISSIONS CARBON FINANCE CARBON MONOXIDE CARCINOGENS CHARCOAL CHARCOAL PRODUCTION CHEAPER FUELS CHOICE OF FUEL CHRONIC RESPIRATORY SYMPTOMS CLEAN FUEL CLEANER FUELS CLIMATE CLIMATE CHANGE CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION CO CO2 COMBUSTION CONSERVATION AREAS CONVERSION EFFICIENCIES CONVERSION EFFICIENCY COOK STOVES COOKING COST OF ETHANOL COST OF ETHANOL PRODUCTION CROP CROP WASTE DEFORESTATION DEGRADED FORESTS DEMAND FOR ETHANOL DIFFUSION DISTILLATION DISTILLERIES DISTILLERY DOMESTIC ENERGY DOMESTIC SUPPLY DRY FOREST DRY FORESTS DRY WOOD DUNG ECOSYSTEM ELECTRICITY EMPLOYMENT ENERGY BALANCE ENERGY DEMAND ENERGY EFFICIENCY ENERGY MARKET ENERGY MIX ENERGY SECTOR ENERGY SECURITY ENERGY SUPPLY ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH EROSION CONTROL ETHANOL ETHANOL CASE ETHANOL CONSUMPTION ETHANOL FUEL ETHANOL MARKET ETHANOL MARKETS ETHANOL PRICE ETHANOL PRICES ETHANOL PRODUCTION ETHANOL PROGRAM ETHANOL SUPPLY ETHANOL WITH GASOLINE EUCALYPTUS PLANTATIONS EXPOSURE OF CHILDREN FEEDSTOCK FEEDSTOCK COSTS FEEDSTOCK FOR ETHANOL FEEDSTOCK FOR ETHANOL PRODUCTION FEEDSTOCK PRICES FEEDSTOCK SOURCE FEEDSTOCKS FERMENTATION FIREWOOD FOREST FOREST ACCESS FOREST AREA FOREST AREAS FOREST COVER FOREST DEGRADATION FOREST PRODUCTION FOREST PRODUCTS FOREST PROTECTION FOREST RESOURCES FOREST SECTORS FORESTRY FORESTRY SECTOR FORESTS FORMS OF ENERGY FOSSIL FOSSIL FUELS FUEL CONSUMPTION FUEL ETHANOL FUEL MARKET FUEL MARKETS FUEL PRICE FUEL PRODUCTION FUEL SUBSTITUTION FUEL SUPPLY FUEL TYPE FUEL TYPES FUELS GASOLINE BLENDING GEL GENERATION GLOBAL WARMING GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT HABITATS HIGH OIL PRICES HOUSEHOLD ENERGY HOUSEHOLD ENERGY USE HOUSEHOLD FUEL HOUSEHOLD FUELS HOUSEHOLD SECTOR HYDROCARBONS IMPURITIES INVESTMENT IN ETHANOL PRODUCTION KEROSENE LAND DEGRADATION LAND OWNERSHIP LAND USE LARGE SCALE ETHANOL PRODUCTION LIGHTING LIQUID PETROLEUM GAS LOSS OF FORESTS MANURE MARKET FOR ETHANOL MODERN FUELS NATURAL FORESTS NATURAL GAS NATURAL RESOURCES NITROGEN NITROGEN OXIDES OIL OIL PRICES PARTICLES PARTICULATE PARTICULATE MATTER PARTICULATES PETROLEUM POLLUTANTS POLYAROMATIC HYDROCARBONS PRICE OF ETHANOL PRICE OF FEEDSTOCK PRIMARY FUEL PRODUCTION OF ETHANOL RAW MATERIAL RAW SUGAR RICE PADDIES RURAL AREAS RURAL COMMUNITIES RURAL HOUSEHOLDS RURAL INCOMES SMOKE SOLID FUEL SOLID FUELS SORGHUM SPACE HEATING STREAM SUGAR SUGAR CANE SUGAR INDUSTRY SUGAR MILLS SUGARCANE SUGARCANE MOLASSES SUGARCANE PRODUCTION SULPHUR SULPHUR OXIDES SUPPLY OF ETHANOL TOWNS TRADITIONAL BIOMASS TRANSPORT FUEL TRANSPORT SECTOR URBAN AREAS URBAN HOUSEHOLDS VERTICAL AXIS WASTE PRODUCTS WOOD WOOD FUEL WOOD PRODUCTS WOODY BIOMASS
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Washington, DC
Africa | Madagascar
2013-03-25T14:27:43Z | 2013-03-25T14:27:43Z | 2011-06

This study was commissioned to analyse the cost efficiency and economic viability of an ethanol programme, for reducing disease, and protecting the forests in Madagascar. This information is also expected to be of interest regionally and internationally, given that the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there are nearly two million deaths per annum globally due to Household Air Pollution (HAP), representing 2.7 percent of the global burden of disease. Of these, nearly 400,000 deaths per annum due to HAP, are in sub-Saharan Africa. With only 20 percent of the world's population, Africa suffers a disproportionate share of around half of all deaths from pneumonia for children under five years, for which HAP is a major risk factor. This study investigates the potential of ethanol as a household fuel in Madagascar, focusing on three main components: health benefits, financial and economic assessment, and African lessons for scaling-up a program of support for ethanol as a household fuel.

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