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Legal Frameworks for Tertiary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa : The Quest for Institutional Responsiveness

academic affairs academic community academic freedom academic programs academic senates academic staff academic units access to education access to information access to tertiary education accountability Accountability mechanisms achievement allocation of responsibilities Association of African Universities binding call central management citizenship civil society colleges comparative assessment Confederation constituencies curriculum decision makers decision making decision-making decision-making body decision-making power decision-making process decree decrees degree equivalence degree equivalencies degrees disciplines distance learning diversified tertiary education system economic growth education councils education governance education of women education policy education sector education services education statistics educational inputs educational programs educational quality elected representatives employment enactment enrollment expenditure expenditures faculties federal universities financial assistance Financial Autonomy financial capacity financial management financial resources financial support future research gender equity global market Government Authority government controls governmental policies head of state Higher Education higher education community higher education institutions higher education management higher education system higher education systems higher learning human capital human capital formation Human Development human resource human resource management human resources income generation information technology institutional autonomy International Association of Universities international university community internationalization labor market labor market needs learning outcomes Legal Documents legal framework legal provision Legislation legislative actions legislative changes legitimization Let levels of education levels of government literature local government ministries of finance ministry of education national goals national strategies nations Papers performance indicators performance of tertiary education institutions politicians polytechnics Printing private higher education private institutions Private Tertiary Education private tertiary institutions private universities private university professional associations professors public administration public funding public institutions public policies public resources public sector public universities public university quality assurance quality assurance agencies quality of education rates of return regulatory frameworks representatives research centers research institutions research mission scholars Senate social justice social mobility staff employment state control state intervention state supervision student mobility student organizations student populations student scholarships systematic analysis teaching technical education technical institutes tertiary distance education Tertiary Education tertiary education institution tertiary education policies tertiary education reform tertiary education reforms tertiary education systems tertiary enrollments tertiary institution tertiary institutions tertiary sector tertiary system tertiary systems university administrators University Council university governance university leaders university staff university students university systems voting workers
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Washington, DC: World Bank
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa
2013-05-23T18:29:02Z | 2013-05-23T18:29:02Z | 2009

Prospects for future economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa will depend in significant measure on the continent's capacity to cultivate the higher order skills and expertise needed to acquire knowledge and utilize it to advance economic and social development. Recognition of this reality is leading policy makers and politicians across the region to renew their attention to the role that tertiary education can play in undergirding knowledge-based strategies for growth and competitiveness. As this awareness has grown, fuller understanding of the relationship between human capital formation and economic growth, the types of tertiary education policies that can nurture this relationship, and the national-level conditions that shape the possibilities for success in these endeavors has been pursued by the World Bank through a series of analytical studies. This analytical work culminated in 2008 with the completion of the region's flagship report entitled accelerating catch-up: tertiary education for growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. This report examined the human resource implications of more knowledge-intensive strategies for growth in Africa within the context of globalize competition and argued the need for more conscious management of education policies in order to align education sector outputs, especially postsecondary graduates and research, with national strategies for economic growth and poverty alleviation. In doing so, the report issued a clear call for more autonomous, flexible, and responsive institutions of tertiary education capable of adjusting their missions and programs to fast-paced changes in the technologies, economic relations, and trade regimes that can spell the difference between a nation's competitiveness and stagnation within the global economic arena. It also highlighted the critical role of governance arrangements at the level of tertiary education systems as well as individual tertiary institutions in determining capabilities for flexibility and responsiveness that enable timely adaptation to change.

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