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A Comparative Study of Ex-Combatant Reintegration in the African Great Lakes Region : Trajectories, Processes, and Paradoxes

ACHIEVEMENT ADOLESCENCE ADOLESCENTS ANALOGY ARMED CONFLICTS ARMED FORCES ATTENTION BASIC BEST PRACTICES BOUNDARIES CHILD SOLDIERS CIVIL WAR COMMUNITIES COMMUNITY MEMBER COMMUNITY MEMBERS COMPLEXITY COMPONENTS CONFLICT CONFLICTS CULTURAL PRACTICES DEMOBILIZATION DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS DISABILITY DISARMAMENT DISCUSSION DISCUSSIONS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES ECONOMIC REINTEGRATION ECONOMIC STATUS EDUCATION SYSTEMS EMOTIONAL EXPERIENCE EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES EPIDEMIOLOGICAL RESEARCH EX-COMBATANT EX-COMBATANTS EXCOMBATANTS FAMILY MEMBERS FAMILY STRUCTURES FAMILY UNIT FOOD SECURITY FORMATTING GENDER IDEA IDEAS IDENTITY ILLNESS ILLNESSES INCOME SECURITY INSIGHTS INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT KNOWLEDGE GAPS LEADING LEARNING LEGAL STATUS LIVING CONDITIONS LOGIC MARITAL STATUS MENTAL HEALTH METRICS MORALITY MOTIVATION NATIONAL LEVEL NATIONAL LEVELS PEACE PEACEBUILDING PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT PERSONAL EMPOWERMENT POLICY MAKERS POST CONFLICT SETTINGS POST-CONFLICT SETTING PRACTITIONERS PROGRAMMERS PROGRAMMING PROGRESS PSYCHOLOGY RECONSTRUCTION REFUGEES REHABILITATION REINTEGRATION PROCESS REPORTER SAFETY NET SECURITY THREAT SOCIAL CAPITAL SOCIAL CHANGE SOCIAL COHESION SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL DIMENSIONS SOCIAL IDENTITY SOCIAL ISOLATION SOCIAL NETWORKS SOCIAL NORMS SOCIAL REINTEGRATION SOCIAL STRUCTURE SOCIALIZATION SOCIETAL NORMS SOLDIER SOLDIERS THINKING TRANSITION FROM WAR TO PEACE UNDP UNEMPLOYMENT VARIETY VIOLENCE VOCATIONAL TRAINING VULNERABILITY WAR WARS YOUNG AGE YOUNG MEN
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World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Africa
2014-12-16T22:37:47Z | 2014-12-16T22:37:47Z | 2014-07

This study explores the reintegration processes that ex-combatants, as well as the communities that receive them, go through in the transition from being soldiers to being civilians across the Great Lakes region (GLR) of Africa (Uganda, Rwanda, DRC, RoC, and Burundi). This study uses a cross-country comparative approach capitalizing on survey data col¬lected between 2010 and 2012 from nearly 10,000 ex-combatants and community members across the GLR. This is the first time that such a large sample of data on ex-combatants from across multiple countries has been systematically compared and analyzed, thus the study represents the cutting edge of empirically driven quan-titative research on the reintegration processes of ex-combatants. An important component of the analysis of ex-com¬batant reintegration processes revolves around their position relative the broader community. As such, this study compares the reintegration processes of ex-com¬batants with those of community members and there¬fore, explores in turn the ways in which these two types of reintegration processes interact with each other. Notably, the core structure of the analysis presented in the detailed data analysis in annexes one and two is not only about ex-combatants and the processes through which they reintegrate, but also an investigation of commu¬nities themselves, i.e. their willingness and ability to absorb ex-combatants back into society. This study presents a snapshot of the social and economic dimensions of the overall reintegration process of ex-combatants and community members. However, the conceptual discussion and analysis of empirical evidence presented consolidates key knowledge and understanding about the broad trends of ex-combatants reintegration processes across the GLR. Further, the findings here no doubt carry weight for understanding ex-combatants reintegration processes in contexts beyond the GLR.

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