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Rural Transport : Improving its Contribution to Growth and Poverty Reduction in Sub-Saharan Africa

ACCESS ROADS ACCESSIBILITY AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL FRONTIER AGRICULTURAL GROWTH AGRICULTURAL INNOVATION AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS AGRICULTURAL SECTOR AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGIES AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY AID DONORS BETTER ACCESS TO MARKETS CAPACITY BUILDING CASH CROPS CLIMATE CHANGE COMMERCIAL CROPS CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING COSTS OF TRANSPORT DIMENSIONS OF POVERTY DIVERSIFICATION DRIVING DROUGHT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIES OF SCALE EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FARM GROWTH FARM HOUSEHOLDS FARM INCOME FARM INCOMES FARM PRODUCTION FARM PRODUCTIVITY FARM SECTOR FARMER FARMERS FARMING SYSTEMS FOOD CROPS FOOD IMPORTS FOOD INSECURITY FOOD MARKETS FOOD POLICY FOOD PRICE FOOD PRODUCTION FOOD SECURITY HIGH TRANSPORT HIGHWAYS HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURES HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEY HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HOUSEHOLD TRAVEL HOUSEHOLD WELFARE HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IMPACT OF TRANSPORT IMPACT ON POVERTY INCOME FROM EDUCATION INCOME GROWTH INCOME POVERTY INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES INEQUALITY INFANT MORTALITY INFANT MORTALITY RATE INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING INSURANCE INVESTMENT IN ROADS IRRIGATION LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT LOCAL TRANSPORT MEANS OF TRANSPORT MOBILITY NATIONAL POVERTY NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT NONFARM INCOME NUTRITION O&M POLITICAL INFLUENCE POOR COUNTRIES POOR HOUSEHOLDS POOR PEOPLE POPULATION DENSITIES POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION GROWTH POVERTY ALLEVIATION POVERTY FOCUS POVERTY INCIDENCE POVERTY LEVELS POVERTY POVERTY POVERTY RATES POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION EFFORTS POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPER POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPERS PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PROGRAMS PUBLIC SAFETY PUBLIC SAFETY NETS PUBLIC WORKS REGIONAL INTEGRATION REGIONAL ORGANIZATIONS RESETTLEMENT RISK MANAGEMENT ROAD ROAD IMPROVEMENTS ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE ROAD MAINTENANCE ROAD NETWORK ROAD SECTOR ROAD TRANSPORT ROADS ROUTES RURAL RURAL ACCESS RURAL AREAS RURAL COMMUNITIES RURAL COMMUNITY RURAL CONCERNS RURAL DEVELOPMENT RURAL DISPARITIES RURAL DWELLERS RURAL ECONOMY RURAL FARM RURAL GROWTH RURAL HOUSEHOLD RURAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME RURAL HOUSEHOLDS RURAL INCOME RURAL INCOMES RURAL INEQUALITIES RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE PORTFOLIO RURAL INSTITUTIONS RURAL INVESTMENT RURAL ISSUES RURAL LABOR RURAL LABOR MARKET RURAL LIVELIHOODS RURAL PEOPLE RURAL POOR RURAL POVERTY RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION RURAL PROJECTS RURAL PUBLIC RURAL ROAD RURAL ROADS RURAL SECTOR RURAL SERVICE RURAL SERVICE DELIVERY RURAL SETTINGS RURAL STRATEGY RURAL TRANSPORT RURAL TRANSPORT ACTIVITIES RURAL TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE RURAL TRAVEL SAFETY SANITATION SMALL FARMERS SMALL-SCALE AGRICULTURE SMALLHOLDER AGRICULTURE SMALLHOLDER FARMERS SMALLHOLDER FARMS SOCIAL SAFETY NETS SPATIAL CONSIDERATIONS STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT SUBSISTENCE SUBSISTENCE FARMERS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TRAFFIC TRANSACTION COSTS TRANSPORT ACTIVITIES TRANSPORT ACTIVITY TRANSPORT COSTS TRANSPORT DEMAND TRANSPORT IMPROVEMENT TRANSPORT IMPROVEMENTS TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE TRANSPORT INVESTMENTS TRANSPORT NETWORK TRANSPORT PLANNING TRANSPORT POLICIES TRANSPORT POLICY TRANSPORT POLICY DEVELOPMENT TRANSPORT PROJECTS TRANSPORT RESEARCH TRANSPORT SECTOR TRANSPORT SERVICE TRANSPORT SERVICES TRANSPORT STRATEGIES TRANSPORT STRATEGY TRANSPORT SYSTEM TRANSPORT SYSTEM EFFICIENCY TRANSPORT SYSTEMS TRANSPORT TECHNOLOGIES TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING TRANSPORTS TRAVEL DEMAND TRAVELERS VEHICLES
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa
2014-04-15T20:40:11Z | 2014-04-15T20:40:11Z | 2012-11

Poverty reduction is a long-standing development objective of many developing countries and their aid donors, including the World Bank. To achieve this goal, these countries and organizations have sought to improve smallholder agricultural productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) as part of a broader rural development agenda aimed at providing a minimal basket of goods and services in rural areas to satisfy basic human needs. These goods and services include not only food, health care, and education, but also infrastructure. As a result, rural transport remains a constraint to increasing agricultural productivity, achieving rural growth, and thus alleviating rural poverty. The first major finding of the review of rural transport theory and practice is that many of the approaches needed to improve the impact of rural transport interventions on poverty reduction are known, particularly from the work of the Rural Travel and Transport Program (RTTP) of Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP). Unfortunately, many of the recommended approaches remain untested within Sub-Saharan Africa beyond the pilot scale, notwithstanding their influence on rural transport policy and project design in other operational regions of the Bank. For SSA, these are missed opportunities. Even where SSA countries have applied these approaches, institutional and financial sustainability and scaling up local successes remain significant challenges for both their agriculture and transport sectors. The second key finding is that rural households are rarely the point of focus in the design of rural transport interventions in SSA, even though a methodology to allow this focus has been developed and successfully tested in several pilot projects since the 1980s, the result is that the transport needs of rural households continue to be analyzed and understood by means of an indirect assessment of those needs, which means that most projects have a less than desirable impact on improving the rural access and mobility situation of such households.

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