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Accounting for Gender Production from a Growth Accounting Framework in Sub-Saharan Africa

ACTUAL GROWTH ADVERSE EFFECTS AGGREGATE OUTPUT AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION ALLOCATIVE EFFICIENCY AVERAGE GROWTH BARGAINING BARGAINING POWER CAPITA INCOME CAPITA INCOME GROWTH CAPITAL ACCOUNTS CAPITAL ACCUMULATION CAPITAL FORMATION CAPITAL INPUT CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITAL STOCK CAPITAL-LABOR CAPITAL-LABOR RATIO CIVIL WAR CONSTANT RETURNS CONTRIBUTIONS OF WOMEN CREDIT CONSTRAINTS CROSS-COUNTRY ANALYSIS DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS DEPRECIATION RATE OF CAPITAL DETERMINANTS OF GROWTH DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPING WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS DEVELOPMENT POLICY DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN DIVISION OF LABOR DRIVERS ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC CONTRACTION ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC HISTORY ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE ECONOMIC SPHERE EDUCATED WOMEN EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EDUCATIONAL GENDER EDUCATIONAL GENDER GAPS EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE EMPIRICAL RESULTS EMPIRICAL STUDIES EMPLOYMENT EXOGENOUS VARIABLE FACTORS OF PRODUCTION FEMALE EDUCATION FEMALE ENTREPRENEURS FEMALE LABOR FEMALE LABOR FORCE FEMALE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION FEMALE LIFE EXPECTANCY FEMALE WORKERS FEMINIST FEMINIST ECONOMICS FERTILITY FERTILITY RATE FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION FORMS OF GENDER GENDER GENDER BIAS GENDER DISCRIMINATION GENDER DIVISION OF LABOR GENDER EQUALITY GENDER GAP GENDER GAP IN EDUCATION GENDER INEQUALITIES GENDER INEQUALITY GENDER NEUTRAL GENDER NORMS GENDER PARITY GENDER PARITY INDEX GENDER ROLE GENDER ROLES GENDER WAGE GAPS GIRLS GLOBAL CONSENSUS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT GROWTH ACCOUNTING GROWTH COMPONENT GROWTH IMPACT GROWTH MODEL GROWTH PATH GROWTH PERFORMANCE GROWTH PROCESS GROWTH RATE GROWTH RATES GROWTH THEORY GROWTH TRAGEDY HIGH CONCENTRATION HIGH POPULATION GROWTH HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT INCREASE IN LABOR INCREASING RETURNS INFORMAL SECTOR INHERITANCE INVENTORY LABOR FORCE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION LABOR INPUT LABOR MARKET LABOR PRODUCTIVITY LABOR SUPPLY LAND OWNERSHIP LEVEL OF EDUCATION LIFE EXPECTANCY LIMITED RESOURCES LONG-RUN GROWTH LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES MARKET ECONOMIES MOBILITY OF WOMEN NATIONAL ACCOUNTS NEGATIVE EFFECT NEGATIVE IMPACT NEOCLASSICAL GROWTH MODEL OCCUPATIONAL MOBILITY OUTPUT GROWTH OUTPUT RATIO PER CAPITA GROWTH PER CAPITA INCOME POINT ESTIMATES POLICY DISCUSSIONS POLICY IMPLICATIONS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH REPORT ON GENDER POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POLITICAL ECONOMY POPULATION GROWTH RATE POPULATION INCREASES POPULATION PRESSURE POPULATION SIZE POVERTY RATES POVERTY REDUCTION PRODUCTION FUNCTION PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH PROGRESS RAPID POPULATION GROWTH RELATIVE CONTRIBUTION RELIGIOUS BELIEFS RESPECT RURAL AREAS SEXUAL DIVISION OF LABOR SIGNIFICANT REDUCTION SKILLED WORKERS SOCIAL COSTS SOCIAL NORMS STANDARD DEVIATION STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE TFP TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY UNITED NATIONS URBAN AREAS URBAN MIGRATION WAGE DIFFERENTIALS WDR WOMAN WOMEN WORKERS
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa
2012-12-21T18:55:13Z | 2012-12-21T18:55:13Z | 2012-08

This paper draws on an expanded growth accounting framework to estimate the relative contribution of women to growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. Empirical results show a consistently positive contribution of women to growth in gross domestic product in the region, both during economic downturns and growth spurts. This is despite the absence of any valuation of home-produced goods and informal sector production, which accounts for the bulk of womens production, in national product and income accounts. Women's positive contribution is largely attributed to their increased rates of labor force participation in wage employment and the reduction in the gender gap in education in recent years.

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