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Economic & Sector Work :: Foreign Trade, FDI, and Capital Flows Study

Reshaping Economic Geography of East Africa : From Regional to Global Integration (Vol. 1 of 2)

AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES AIR BONDS BORDER CROSSINGS BORDER INFRASTRUCTURE BOTTLENECKS BUSINESS CLIMATE CAPACITY BUILDING CAPITAL INVESTMENT CAPITALIST ECONOMIES CASH CROPS CENTRAL BANKS CENTRAL BODY COMMODITY COMMODITY PRICES COMMON MARKET COMMON REGULATIONS COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT COMPETITIVENESS CONGESTION CONNECTIVITY CONSUMERS CONVERGENCE COUNTRY MARKETS CURRENCY CUSTOMS CUSTOMS CLEARANCE CUSTOMS PROCEDURES CUSTOMS UNION DEBT DEMAND FOR SERVICES DEMOCRACIES DEMOCRACY DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS DEMOGRAPHERS DEMOGRAPHIC DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION DEPENDENCY RATIO DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPING ECONOMIES DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY DISCRIMINATION DIVIDEND DOMESTIC MARKET DRIVERS ECONOMIC ACTIVITY ECONOMIC COMMUNITY ECONOMIC CONCENTRATION ECONOMIC CONVERGENCE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC INTEGRATION ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT ECONOMIC POLICIES ECONOMIES OF SCALE ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS EXCISE TAXES EXPORT MARKETS EXPORTS FERTILITY FERTILITY RATES FINANCIAL MARKETS FINANCIAL SECTOR FINANCIAL SECTORS FISCAL POLICY FOREIGN INVESTMENT FREE TRADE FREE TRADE AREA FREIGHT FREIGHT COSTS GDP GDP PER CAPITA GLOBAL INTEGRATION GLOBAL MARKETS GOVERNANCE INDICATORS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROSS VEHICLE WEIGHT HIGH TRANSPORT HIGHWAY HOST COUNTRIES HOST COUNTRY HOST GOVERNMENT HUMAN CAPITAL HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INCOME INCREASING RETURNS INCREASING RETURNS TO SCALE INCREASING TRADE INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT INEQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS INLAND WATERWAYS INSPECTION INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY INSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS INSURANCE INTERNAL MARKET INTERNAL TARIFFS INTERNATIONAL MARKETS INTERNATIONAL TRADE INTRAREGIONAL TRADE INVESTMENT IN EDUCATION JOB CREATION JOURNEY LABOR FORCE LABOR MOBILITY LANDLOCKED COUNTRIES LANDLOCKED ECONOMIES LENDING PRACTICES LIFE EXPECTANCY LIVING STANDARDS LOCAL MARKETS LOCOMOTIVE LOW FERTILITY LOWER FERTILITY MARKET ACCESS MARKET ECONOMY MARKET FORCES MIDDLE-INCOME ECONOMIES MIGRANTS MIGRATION MOBILITY MONETARY INTEGRATION MONETARY UNION MORTALITY MULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS NATIONAL AUTHORITIES NATIONAL BORDERS NATIONAL ECONOMY NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS NATIONAL MARKETS NATIONAL POLICIES NATIONAL PRACTICES NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY NATURAL GAS NATURAL RESOURCE NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT NATURAL RESOURCES NONTARIFF BARRIERS OLD AGE OUTPUT PER CAPITA INCOME PER CAPITA INCOMES POLICE POLICY FRAMEWORK POLICY HARMONIZATION POLICY MAKERS POLICY REFORMS POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICAL INTEGRATION POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION POLICIES PREFERENTIAL TRADE PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE SECTOR PROGRESS PROPERTY RIGHTS PROVISION OF EDUCATION RADIO RADIO COMMUNICATION RAIL RAIL IMPROVEMENTS RAIL SYSTEMS RAIL TRANSPORT RAILWAY RAILWAY LINE RAILWAYS REAL ESTATE REGIONAL AGREEMENTS REGIONAL BODIES REGIONAL COOPERATION REGIONAL ECONOMY REGIONAL INSTITUTIONS REGIONAL INTEGRATION REGIONAL INTEGRATION EFFORTS REGIONAL MARKETS REGIONAL POLICY REGIONAL PROJECTS REGIONAL TRADE ARRANGEMENTS REGULATORS REGULATORY AGENCIES REGULATORY COOPERATION REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS REMITTANCE REMITTANCES ROAD ROADS ROUTE RULE OF LAW SAFETY SAVINGS SECURITY THREAT SERVICE RELIABILITY SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIAL SERVICES TAX TAX REVENUE TECHNICAL CAPACITY TECHNICAL MATTERS TECHNICAL STANDARDS TRADE INTEGRATION TRANSACTIONS COSTS TRANSIT TRANSPARENCY TRANSPORT TRANSPORT CORRIDORS TRANSPORT COSTS TREATY TRIP TRUCKS UNEMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATE URBANIZATION VEHICLE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION VOTERS WAGES WORKING POPULATION WORKING-AGE POPULATION WORLD MARKETS WORLD REGIONS YOUNG AGE
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Washington, DC
Africa
2012-12-06T21:44:32Z | 2012-12-06T21:44:32Z | 2012-06

Five East African countries Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda have made solid progress on integrating regionally in the East African Community (EAC) since 1999. Such advances are crucial, as integration in East Africa has the potential for higher than usual benefits: Burundi, Rwanda, and Uganda are landlocked, with very high costs to their economies. Successful integration will transform the five countries into one coastal, regional economy, slashing such costs. Looking at the East African integration through the lens of economic geography helps to improve sequencing of the integration process and to develop new policies to complement ongoing efforts, maximizing their benefits. Reducing disparities in provision of social services will increase the chances of workers from the inland parts of the EAC to find jobs, especially as administrative obstacles to labor mobility are being removed under the Common Market Protocol. Implementing and deepening the current program of regional infrastructure improvements will ensure that consumers and producers throughout the region are better connected to each other and to global markets. Integration policies facilitating greater economic activity in the coastal areas will help the EAC take advantage of the global demand for manufactured goods and thus to promote employment. That will also generate substantial demand for services and agricultural goods produced inland, amplifying the benefits of the customs union.

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