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Public Finance for Poverty Reduction : Concepts and Case Studies from Africa and Latin America

ACCOUNTING ADVERSE CONSEQUENCES ALLOCATION ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION BALANCE OF PAYMENTS BALANCE SHEET BASELINE SCENARIO BENEFICIARIES BENEFICIARY BENEFIT INCIDENCE ANALYSIS BORROWER BORROWING REQUIREMENTS BUDGET CONSTRAINT BUDGET CONSTRAINTS BUDGET DEFICIT BUSINESS CYCLE CAPACITY BUILDING CAPACITY ENHANCEMENT CAPITAL FLOWS CAPITAL INVESTMENT CENTRAL BANK CENTRAL GOVERNMENT COMPOSITION OF DEBT CONCEPT OF DEBT CORPORATE TAX RATES CREDIBILITY CREDITORS CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICIT CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICITS CURRENT ACCOUNT SURPLUS CURRENT ACCOUNT SURPLUSES DEBT DEBT ACCUMULATION DEBT BURDEN DEBT COMPOSITION DEBT CONCEPT DEBT OVERHANG DEBT PAYMENTS DEBT PROJECTIONS DEBT RATIO DEBT RATIOS DEBT RELIEF DEBT SERVICE DEBT SERVICING DEBT STOCK DEBT SUSTAINABILITY DEBT-SERVICE DEBTS DEFICITS DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DISCOUNT RATE DISPUTE RESOLUTION DOMESTIC CAPITAL DOMESTIC CURRENCY DOMESTIC DEBT ECONOMIC DISTORTIONS ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY EDUCATION EXPENDITURES EDUCATION PROGRAMS EQUITY FLOWS EXCHANGE RATE EXPENDITURE EXPENDITURE TRACKING SURVEYS EXPENDITURES EXPORT GROWTH EXTERNAL DEBT FIDUCIARY RESPONSIBILITIES FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT FISCAL CONSTRAINT FISCAL DEFICIT FISCAL DEFICITS FISCAL POLICIES FISCAL POLICY FISCAL STABILIZATION FOREIGN CAPITAL FOREIGN CURRENCIES FOREIGN CURRENCY FOREIGN DEBT FOREIGN EXCHANGE FOREIGN INDEBTEDNESS GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT FINANCE GOVERNMENT BORROWING GOVERNMENT BUDGET GOVERNMENT DEBT GOVERNMENT FUNDING GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT GOVERNMENT POLICIES GOVERNMENT POLICY GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS GOVERNMENT REVENUE GOVERNMENT REVENUES GOVERNMENT SPENDING GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT HEALTH CARE HEALTH CENTERS HEALTH SECTOR HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INCOME INEQUALITIES INCOME INEQUALITY INCOME TAX INCOME TAX EXEMPTION INCOME TAXES INFLATION INFLATION RATE INFLATION RATES INFORMATION ASYMMETRY INSTRUMENT INSURANCE INTEREST PAYMENT INTEREST RATE INTEREST RATE DIFFERENTIAL INTEREST RATES INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFERS INTERNATIONAL BANK INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL INTEREST INVESTMENT PROJECTS LENDERS LEVEL OF DEBT LIQUIDITY LIVING STANDARDS LOCAL CURRENCY LOCAL GOVERNMENT LONG-TERM DEBT MACROECONOMIC STABILITY MACROECONOMIC VARIABLES MARKET DISTORTIONS MARKET ECONOMY MARKET FAILURE MARKET FAILURES MEDIUM-TERM MACROECONOMIC FRAMEWORK MODERN PUBLIC FINANCE MONETARY FINANCING MONETARY FUND MONETARY POLICY MORAL HAZARD MUNICIPALITIES NATIONAL SAVINGS NATURAL DISASTERS OPEN ECONOMIES OPEN ECONOMY PENSION PENSION REFORM PENSIONS PERSONAL INCOME POLITICAL ECONOMY POVERTY LEVEL POVERTY REDUCTION PRICE CHANGES PRIVATE DEBT PRIVATE INVESTMENT PRIVATE PROPERTIES PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENTS PROGRAMS PROPERTY RIGHTS PROVINCIAL EDUCATION PUBLIC BUDGETS PUBLIC DEBT PUBLIC DEBT STOCK PUBLIC EXPENDITURE PUBLIC EXPENDITURE TRACKING PUBLIC EXPENDITURES PUBLIC FINANCE PUBLIC FUNDS PUBLIC INTERVENTION PUBLIC INVESTMENTS PUBLIC REVENUES PUBLIC SAVING PUBLIC SECTOR PUBLIC SPENDING REAL INTEREST REAL INTEREST RATE REAL INTEREST RATES RECURRENT EXPENDITURES REGULATORY FRAMEWORK RESERVES RESOURCE ALLOCATION RETURN RETURNS RISK MANAGEMENT SAFETY NET SAFETY NETS SCHOOL FEES SERVICE DELIVERY SOCIAL EXCLUSION SOCIAL INDICATORS SOCIAL POLICY SOCIAL PROGRAMS SOCIAL PROTECTION SOCIAL WELFARE SOLVENCY STABILIZATION POLICIES STOCKS TAX TAX ADMINISTRATION TAX BURDEN TAX BURDENS TAX EVASION TAX INCIDENCE TAX INSTRUMENTS TAX POLICIES TAX POLICY TAX PROVISIONS TAX RATE TAX RATES TAX REFORM TAX REVENUE TAX STRUCTURE TAX SYSTEM TAX SYSTEMS TELECOMMUNICATIONS TRANSPARENCY TRUST FUND VALUATION
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Washington, DC : World Bank
Africa | Latin America & Caribbean
2012-06-01T17:42:43Z | 2012-06-01T17:42:43Z | 2008

The book, public finance for poverty reduction, includes a series of papers that were prepared in the context of a World Bank Institute (WBI) public finance The book, public finance for poverty reduction, includes a series of papers that were prepared in the context of a WBI public finance learning program intended to build capacity in developing countries, with a special focus on Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa. The book places a particular emphasis on the fiscal issues encountered by countries that are in the process of implementing a poverty reduction strategy. It provides an innovative analysis of many difficult policy issues plaguing less-developed economies in growing their economies while achieving poverty reduction. It also is appropriately concerned with administrative practice, and it provides excellent case studies on some new approaches to improving fiscal, spending, and tax policies in less-developed economies. The first chapters in public finance are appropriately 'theoretical' in reviewing basic concepts, such as fiscal sustainability, revenue design, accountability measures, and tax and benefit analysis. Without focusing too much on the concepts alone, the chapters provide good discussions of practical solutions to some of the difficulties faced by governments in reaching their objectives. The chapters in part two evaluate approaches to policies to stabilize the economy, reduce poverty, or implement better spending programs in Paraguay, Mexico, Peru, and Uruguay. Part three focuses on the poorest continent Africa with case studies of Guinea, Rwanda, Senegal, Niger, and Cape Verde. The most useful aspect of these case studies is that they provide helpful ideas for implementing policies rather than just focusing on the problems. The best part of this book, therefore, is that it offers hope to governments that it is possible to successfully implement public policies focused on fiscal stabilization, economic growth, and poverty reduction.

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