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Trends in Household Coverage of Modern Infrastructure Services in Africa

ACCESS TO INFRASTRUCTURE ACCESS TO SAFE DRINKING WATER ACCESS TO SAFE WATER BASIC INFRASTRUCTURE BASIC SANITATION BULLETIN CITIES COMMUNITIES CONNECTION CONNECTION CHARGES COST RECOVERY DECLINES IN FERTILITY DEMOGRAPHIC GROWTH DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION DEVELOPING COUNTRIES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC RESOURCES FLUSH TOILET FLUSH TOILETS GROSS NATIONAL INCOME HOUSEHOLD INCOME HOUSEHOLD LEVEL HOUSEHOLD SIZE HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS HOUSEHOLDS HOUSING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INCOME INEQUALITY INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY LABOR MARKETS MIGRATION MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS MINORITY MONTHLY BILL NATIONAL LEVEL NATURAL GAS NUMBER OF CONNECTIONS NUMBER OF PEOPLE NUMBER OF PEOPLE WITHOUT ACCESS NUMBER OF PERSONS NUTRITION OFFICIAL DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE PIT LATRINE PIT LATRINES POLICY IMPLICATIONS POLICY RESEARCH POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER POOR PEOPLE POPULATION DENSITY POPULATION GROWTH POPULATION GROWTH RATES PRIVATE PARTICIPATION PROGRESS PUBLIC POLICY PUBLIC TAP PUBLIC TAPS PURCHASING POWER QUALITY OF SERVICE QUALITY OF SERVICE DELIVERY RADIO RESPECT RICHER COUNTRIES RURAL AREAS RURAL DWELLERS RURAL POPULATION SAFE SANITATION SANITATION FACILITIES SANITATION SERVICES SEPTIC TANK SEPTIC TANKS SERVICE PROVIDER SERVICE PROVIDERS SERVICE QUALITY SEWERAGE SEWERAGE SERVICE SEWERAGE SYSTEM SEWERAGE SYSTEMS SIGNIFICANT POLICY SMALL TOWNS SOURCE OF DRINKING WATER SURFACE WATER SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT TELEVISION TOILET FACILITY UNIVERSAL ACCESS URBAN AREAS URBAN DWELLERS URBAN HOUSEHOLDS URBAN POPULATION URBANIZATION WATER SERVICE WATER SERVICE PROVIDERS WATER SOURCE WATER SOURCES WATER SUPPLY WELLS WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
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Africa | Africa | Africa
2012-03-19T19:09:33Z | 2012-03-19T19:09:33Z | 2009-03-01

Household surveys have long been used to estimate poverty and inequality trends, as well as trends in education and health indicators, but they have not been used to the same extent to assess trends in the access to or coverage of modern infrastructure services. In this paper, we use Demographic and Health Surveys from a larger sample of sub-Saharan African countries in order to collect comparable information across countries on coverage of piped water, flush toilets, electricity, and landline telephones over time. The results suggest that coverage rates for electricity, flush toilets have improved slightly over the last decade. Coverage of piped water has declined, at the same time as coverage of landline (as well as cellular) telephone has increased rapidly. The decline has been primarily in the urban areas while the infrastructure coverage has either increased or remained stable in rural Africa. For all four services, among the poorest households coverage remains virtually inexistent. If business as usual continues, it would take a very long time to reach universal or widely shared coverage even in countries where coverage has improved. These results point to the need to increase efforts by governments and international community to progressively increase access to modern infrastructure services in Africa.

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