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Cargo Dwell Time in Durban : Lessons for Sub-Saharan African Ports

ACCESS ROADS ACCESSIBILITY AIM AIRCRAFT AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY BERTH BERTHING BERTHS BIND BONDED WAREHOUSES BORDER CROSSINGS BOTTLENECKS BOXES BREAK ­ BULK CAPITAL INVESTMENT CARGO CARGO DWELL TIME CARGO HANDLING CARGO STORAGE CARGO TRAFFIC CARGOS CARRIER CARRIERS CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT COMMODITIES COMMODITY CONGESTION CONTAINER DEPOTS CONTAINER HANDLING CONTAINER TERMINAL CONTAINER TRAFFIC CONTAINER VESSELS CONTAINER YARD CONTAINER YARDS CONTAINERIZED CARGO CONTAINERS CORRIDOR CROSSING CUSTOMS CUSTOMS BROKERS CUSTOMS CLEARANCE DELIVERY INSTRUCTIONS DOMESTIC CARGO EXPORT FREIGHT FREIGHT FORWARDERS FREIGHT RAIL GOAL HOLDING COMPANY HUB INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT INLAND TRANSPORT INSPECTION INTERNATIONAL CARRIERS INTERNATIONAL PORTS INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS INTERNATIONAL TRADE JOURNEY LAND TRANSPORT LANDLOCKED COUNTRIES LANDLORD PORT LANES LIFTING LOADING LOGISTICS COSTS MANUFACTURING MARINE SERVICES MARITIME TRAFFIC MARITIME TRANSPORT NATIONAL PORT AUTHORITY NEW TERMINAL PEAK HOURS PEAK PERIODS PIERS PORT ACCESS PORT ACTIVITIES PORT AREA PORT AUTHORITIES PORT AUTHORITY PORT CAPACITY PORT CHARGES PORT CONGESTION PORT DUES PORT INFRASTRUCTURE PORT OPERATION PORT OPERATIONS PORT PERFORMANCE PORT SERVICES PORT USERS PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION RAIL TRACKS RAIL TRANSPORT REGIONAL LOGISTICS ROAD ROAD CONGESTION ROAD CONNECTIONS ROAD NETWORK ROLLING STOCK ROUTE ROUTES SEA TRANSPORT SHIPPERS SHIPPING SHIPPING LINES SHIPS STEVEDORES STORAGE CAPACITY STORAGE CHARGES STORAGE FACILITIES STRADDLE CARRIERS TAX TERMINAL AREA TERMINAL FACILITIES TERMINAL OPERATIONS TERMINAL OPERATORS TERMINALS TEU TRADE LOGISTICS TRAFFIC DISTRIBUTION TRAFFIC VOLUMES TRAINS TRANSIT TRANSIT CORRIDORS TRANSPARENCY TRANSPORT TRANSPORT COSTS TRANSPORT MODES TRANSPORT NETWORK TRANSPORTATION TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH TRANSSHIPMENT TRUCK DRIVERS TRUCKS TRUE VEHICLE VEHICLES VESSELS WAITING TIME WAREHOUSE WHARF
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Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa | Africa
2012-03-19T18:04:36Z | 2012-03-19T18:04:36Z | 2011-09-01

Based on quantitative and qualitative data, this paper attempts to identify the main reasons why cargo dwell time in Durban port has dramatically reduced in the past decade to a current average of 3-4 days. A major customs reform; changes in port storage tariffs coupled with strict enforcement; massive investments in infrastructure and equipment; and changing customer behavior through contractualization between the port operator and shipping lines or between customs, importers, and brokers have all played a major role. The main lesson for Sub-Saharan Africa that can be drawn from Durban is that cargo dwell time is mainly a function of the characteristics of the private sector, but it is the onus of public sector players, such as customs and the port authority, to put pressure on the private sector to make more efficient use of the port and reduce cargo dwell time.

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