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Africa Development Indicators 2008-09 : Youth and Employment in Africa--The Potential, the Problem, the Promise

access to education access to employment active labor active labor market active labor market policies age group age groups bargaining power child labor child mortality citizen citizens Civil Society Organizations Climate change Consumer price index craftsmen creating jobs demographic change demographic transition developing countries development strategies disadvantaged position disadvantaged youth discrimination diseases dissemination early motherhood earning economic growth economic shocks educational attainment educational level educational levels educational opportunities employability Employment employment generation employment opportunities employment policies employment probability employment programs employment prospects employment protection legislation employment services employment situation employment status Employment Trends Enterprise Training environmental sustainability fertility first birth first marriage food insecurity formal education gender equity Government policies Gross domestic product Gross enrollment ratio Gross national income high fertility rate HIV household enterprise household survey household work human capital Human development human resources Incidence of poverty individual needs industrialization informal economy informal sector information systems institutional capacity International trade job creation job experience job matches job opportunities job placement job search job seekers job status jobs Journalists labor demand Labor force Labor force participation labor intensity labor law labor market labor market conditions labor market efficiency labor market information labor market institutions labor market outcomes Labor market regulations labor markets labor productivity labor regulations labor supply Labour Labour Force Labour Markets lack of information legal status level of education levels of education life expectancy living standards malaria maternal health merchants migrant migrants migration Millennium Development Goal national development non-farm sector number of children occupation old tradition older people older workers peace performance indicator Policy response poor families poor people Post-conflict settings post-program outcomes poverty eradication primary education primary level primary school Private sector productive employment productivity growth productivity improvements program design progress public policy public services public works public works program Purchasing Power Purchasing Power Parity quality of education rural areas rural development rural population rural poverty rural productivity rural residents rural workers rural youth sanitation school age secondary education self employment sensitive policies service sector Sex short term employment skills assessment skills development smallholders social sector subsistence farming suppliers sustainable development tertiary education total employment training centers training course training programs training provider training providers training services Transportation unemployed unemployed people unemployed workers unemployed youth Unemployment unemployment rate unemployment spells universal primary education Unpaid family workers urban areas urban workers Vocational Education vocational training vulnerability Wage employment wage sector war water resources women entrepreneurs work force worker workers Working conditions working population world population Young male young men young people young populations Young women young workers youth employment youth labor youth participation youth unemployment
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Washington, DC
Africa | Africa
2013-02-13T22:42:16Z | 2013-02-13T22:42:16Z | 2009

The first part of the report presents stylized facts of youth and labor markets in Africa. The second part discusses past youth employment interventions in the region. It argues for the need of an integrated approach should governments want to tackle youth employment issues in a sustainable manner. Indeed, in African countries, with large informal sectors and dominance of rural population, solely reforming labor market institutions and implementing active labor market policies are likely to have limited impact. It argues that the most needed and well-rounded approaches are: expanding job and education alternatives in the rural areas, where most youth live; promoting and encouraging mobility; creating a conducive business environment; encouraging the private sector; improving the access and quality of skills formation; taking care of demographic issues that more directly affects the youth; and reducing child labor.

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