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Africa Development Indicators 2010 : Silent and Lethal, How Quiet Corruption Undermines Africa's Development

ABUSE ACCOUNTABILITY ANTENATAL CARE ANTI-CORRUPTION ANTICORRUPTION ARSENIC ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION BALANCE OF PAYMENTS BASIC NEEDS BENCHMARKS BENEFICIARIES BRIBERY BRIBERY SCANDALS BRIBES BUSINESSMEN CAPITAL FORMATION CERTIFICATION CIVIL SERVANTS CLINICS COHORT STUDIES COLLAPSE COLLUSION COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGIES CORRUPT CORRUPT PRACTICES CORRUPTION CORRUPTION ACTS CORRUPTION COST COUNTERFEIT DRUGS DEBT DEBT RELIEF DELIVERY SYSTEMS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES DEVELOPMENT GOALS DISCRETION DRUGS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT EMISSIONS EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE ENVIRONMENTAL FAMILIES FARMS FIGHT AGAINST CORRUPTION FRAUD GOOD GOVERNANCE GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS GRAND CORRUPTION HEALTH CARE HEALTH CARE WORKERS HEALTH OUTCOMES HEALTH SERVICES HEAVY METALS HOSPITALS IMMUNIZATION INCOME INSTITUTIONALIZATION INTEGRITY INTERVENTION IRON JUSTICE LABOR FORCE LABORATORIES LAWS LEADERSHIP LEARNING LOBBYING MARKET POWER MEDICAL TREATMENT MEDICATION MEDICINES MIGRATION MONOPOLY MORBIDITY MORTALITY NATIONAL INCOME NURSES NUTRITION OPERATING COSTS PACKAGING PATIENT PATIENTS PATRONAGE PENALTIES PENALTY PERCEPTION OF CORRUPTION PETTY CORRUPTION PHARMACEUTICAL PHARMACEUTICAL QUALITY PHARMACEUTICALS PHYSICIANS POLICE POLICY MAKERS POLITICAL CORRUPTION POLITICAL ECONOMY POLITICIANS POOR HEALTH POVERTY REDUCTION PRICE DIFFERENCES PRICE INDEXES PRIMARY SCHOOLS PRIVATE GAIN PRODUCERS PUBLIC HEALTH PUBLIC OFFICIALS PURCHASING PURCHASING POWER QUALITY ASSURANCE QUALITY OF SERVICES QUALITY STANDARDS RESEARCH AGENDA SANCTIONS SERVICE DELIVERY SERVICE UTILIZATION SUSTAINABLE GROWTH THEFT THEFTS TRANSPARENCY TRANSPORT COSTS UNEMPLOYMENT USER FEES VICTIMS WAGES WORKERS WORKING CONDITIONS
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World Bank
Africa
2012-03-19T09:33:24Z | 2012-03-19T09:33:24Z | 2010

The corruption that often captures newspaper headlines and provokes worldwide public disapproval is dominated by loud 'big-time corruption,' notably administrative and political corruption at the highest government levels. In response to this notoriety, the bulk of anti-corruption measures have been tailored to address this type of corruption. However, recent examinations of the level and quality of service delivery in developing countries, including the World Development Report 2004, have highlighted the need to expand the scope of the standard definition of corruption, the abuse of public office for private gain. While acknowledging the importance of big-time corruption in reducing funding for service delivery, recent research has devoted increasing attention to identifying corrupt practices downstream at the frontline of public service provision. Given the complexity of the task, the fight against quiet corruption requires tailoring policies to country circumstances, recognizing that priorities and responses may vary depending on different country conditions. This essay outlines a research agenda to identify interventions to address quiet corruption. Experimenting with various ways to empower beneficiaries and continuing the ongoing efforts to tackle big-time corruption will go a long way toward achieving this goal. Indeed, although combating loud and visible forms of corruption is necessary, fighting quiet corruption is critical if governments want to reduce poverty and promote sustainable growth.

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