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Working Paper

Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in Sub-Saharan and North Africa

ABSOLUTE POVERTY ABSOLUTE TERMS AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AGRICULTURAL LAND AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT AGRICULTURAL POLICY AGRICULTURAL PRICE AGRICULTURAL PRICES AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH AGRICULTURAL SECTOR AGRICULTURAL SECTORS AGRICULTURE AID DONORS BORDER PRICE CAPITAL FLOWS CAPITAL INFLOWS CASH CROPS CENTRAL PLANNING COLONIALISM COMMODITIES COMMODITY COMMODITY PRICES COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE CONSUMER PRICES CONSUMERS CROPS CUSTOMS UNION DECLINE IN POVERTY DEMOGRAPHIC DEPOSITS DEREGULATION DEVALUATION DEVELOPING COUNTRIES DEVELOPING COUNTRY DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES DOLLAR VALUE DOLLAR VALUES DOMESTIC MARKETS DOMESTIC PRICE DOMESTIC PRICES ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ECONOMIC GROWTH ECONOMIC OUTCOMES ECONOMIC STRESSES EXCHANGE RATE EXCHANGE RATES EXPENDITURE EXPENDITURES EXPORT SECTOR EXPORTS EXTENSION EXTREME POVERTY FARM ACTIVITIES FARM GROWTH FARM HOUSEHOLDS FARM OUTPUT FARM PRODUCTION FARM PRODUCTS FARM SECTOR FARMER FARMERS FARMING ACTIVITIES FISCAL DEFICITS FOOD CONSUMERS FOOD PRICES FOOD STAPLES FOREIGN EXCHANGE FREE MARKETS FREE TRADE GDP GDP PER CAPITA GLOBAL EXPORTS GLOBAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT GROSS VALUE INCOME INCOME GROUP INCOME GROWTH INCOME INEQUALITY INCOME LEVELS INFLATION INPUT PRICES INTEGRATION INTEREST RATES ITC LDCS LIVELIHOODS LIVESTOCK LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES MARKET CONDITIONS MARKET FORCES MARKET INCENTIVES MARKET PRICES MARKETING MARKETING BOARDS MERCHANDISE MERCHANDISE EXPORTS MILK MONEY SUPPLY MONOPOLIES MULTILATERAL TRADE NATIONAL INCOME NATIONAL POVERTY OUTPUT PER CAPITA OUTPUTS PER CAPITA INCOMES POLITICAL ECONOMY POVERTY ALLEVIATION POVERTY INCIDENCE POVERTY MEASURES POVERTY REDUCTION POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPERS PRICE COMPARISONS PRICE DISTORTION PRICE DISTORTIONS PRICE POLICIES PRICING POLICIES PRICING POLICY PRIVATE SECTOR PRIVATIZATION PRODUCER INCENTIVES PRODUCER PRICE PRODUCT QUALITY PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY PUBLIC GOOD R&D RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH REAL GDP REGIONAL AVERAGE REGIONAL AVERAGES RURAL AREAS RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE RURAL POOR RURAL POVERTY RURAL PUBLIC SAFEGUARDS SHARE OF WORLD TRADE SMALL COUNTRIES SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT STOCKS STRUCTURAL CHANGE TAX TAX RATES TAXATION TAXATION RATES TRADE LIBERALIZATION TRADE NEGOTIATIONS TRADE POLICIES TRADE POLICY TRADE TAXES URUGUAY ROUND VALUE ADDED WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION WTO
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World Bank, Washington, DC
Africa | Middle East and North Africa | North Africa | Sub-Saharan Africa
2017-09-07T19:24:51Z | 2017-09-07T19:24:51Z | 2008-09

This chapter begins with a brief summary of economic growth and structural changes in the region since the 1950s and of agricultural and other economic policy developments as they affected the farm sector at the time of and in various stages after independence from colonial powers. The chapter then summarizes estimates of the nominal rate of assistance (NRA) and the relative rate of assistance (RRA) to farmers delivered by national farm and nonfarm policies over the past several decades, as well as the impact of these policies on the consumer prices of farm products, using the project's methodology (Anderson et al. 2008). The final sections point to what the author have learned and draw out implications of the findings, including for poverty and inequality and for possible future directions of policies affecting agricultural incentives in Africa.

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